In the context of Economic and Sector Work (ESW) on youth in the labor market in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Social Protection Sector in the Africa Region and the Human Development Network hosted a workshop to present the recent findings based on six country studies and an Africa regional overview.
The workshop was intended to peer review the analysis under this ESW, and to share results across different countries. Invited academics and Bank experts made presentations based on a series of analytical background papers commissioned under the ESW. Economists and HD specialists from several SSA countries also participated in the discussion to draw the link to the Bank's operations in these countries.
As the international development community centers its attention on the MDGs, improving outcomes for children and youth—the groups most directly related to achieving these development goals—is a growing priority. In Africa, the challenge of youth employment is especially large. Young people aged 15-24 years account for 36 percent of the working-age population in SSA. Due to population pressure, the number of young people looking for work is expected to increase by 28 percent in the next 15 years, equivalent to about 30 million people. Failure to address youth employment issues will have serious consequences for the economy and society. Without opportunities for young people to earn a living, intergenerational cycles of poverty will persist, further affecting societies already made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and violence. On the other hand, youth could be one of Africa's drivers of economic growth, as seen in the Asian economic tigers, as a result of the "demographic dividends" of the youth bulge.
Several countries in the region have identified youth employment as an important challenge in their development agenda, particularly as these relate to the issue of skills development, the growth agenda and empowerment agenda. This interest is reflected in the ongoing ESW and the present and proposed operations in these countries.
Agenda (12kb pdf)
"Youth in Africa’s Labor Market" (50kb pdf)
by Jean Fares, World Bank
Paper: "School-to-Work Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa: Preliminary Report" (716kb pdf)
by Understanding Children's Work (UCW)
"Child Labour and Youth Employment Outcomes in Ethiopia" (200kb pdf)
by Furio Rosati, University of Rome, Tor Vergata
Presentation: "Youths in the Labor Market and Transition from School to Work in Tanzania" (68kb pdf)
Paper: "Youths in the Labor Market and Transition from School to Work in Tanzania" (136kb pdf)
by Florence Kondylis and Marco Manacorda, London School of Economics
Presentation: "Schooling and Early Work Experience in Uganda" (97kb pdf)
by Lisa Dragoset and Lars Vilhuber, Cornell University
Paper: "The Transition from School to the Labor Market in Uganda" (252kb pdf)
by Lars Vilhuber, Cornell University
"Youth Labor Markets & Educational Attainment in Burkina Faso: Recent Trends & Analysis" (477kb pdf)
by Daniel Parent, McGill University
"Youth Employment in Sierra Leone: An Agenda for Research" (123kb pdf)
by Wendy Cunningham and Pia Peeters, World Bank
"Africa’s Education Enigma? The Nigerian Story" (361kb pdf)
by Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere, Univerity of California - Berkeley
"Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Assessment of Existing Interventions" (24kb pdf)
by Martin Godfrey