The First Pastoral Community Development Project (PCDP) —completed in December 2008-- supported socioeconomic development in Ethiopia’s pastoral areas. The project employed a community-driven development model to provide capacity-building and establish models of public service delivery and disaster management.
PCDP had three major components: (a) sustainable livelihood enhancement, (b) pastoral risk management, and (c) project implementation support and policy reform. The project was implemented in 30 pastoral weredas (14 in Somali, 9 in Afar, 5 in Oromiya, and two in the Southern Nations and Nationalists and Peoples regions). A total of US $60.0 million was allocated for the five-year project ($30 million from the International Development Association (IDA), $20 million from IFAD, and $10 million from the government of Ethiopia).
PCDP I capacity building efforts and investments on community micro-projects contributed to improving livelihood improvement initiatives. Beneficiary communities and regional and wereda officials supported the development approaches of PCDP and its contributions to strengthening the decentralization and empowerment processes.
Pastoralist Community Development Project II
In May 2008, the International Development Association provided US$80 million in financing (US$56.6 million in grant money and US$23.4 million as a credit) in support of the second phase of the PCDP.
The objective of PCDP II is to enable pastoralists to better withstand external shocks and to improve the livelihoods of targeted communities. The project will empower local communities by increasing their engagement in woreda processes and local development decision making. It will also provide them increased access to social services and better access to support for savings and credit activities. In addition, the project seeks to improve and expand the pastoral early warning system and the responsiveness of disaster mitigation and contingency funds.
The Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement component will further strengthen decentralized and participatory planning at the community/ kebele and woreda levels. Women and men in pastoral communities will identify, prioritize, design, and implement micro-projects that reflect their local development priorities. The Community Investment Fund subcomponent will finance micro-projects related to water supply, micro-scale irrigation, health care, education, and rangeland management. The Rural Livelihoods Program sub-component will finance income generating activities identified by beneficiary community groups, and will help to extend savings and credit cooperatives systems to pastoral areas.
The Pastoral Risk Management component will support the expansion of the participatory Early Warning and Response Program to all pastoral and agro-pastoral communities. The system will provide information to trigger early non-food responses to declines in the welfare of pastoralist communities using the proven Household Economy Approach. In addition, technical assistance and staff capacity building will be provided to support the development of regional Disaster Preparedness Strategy and Investment Programs in four regions.
The Knowledge Management and Participatory Learning component will support Participatory Action Learning pilots in selected woredas to develop methodologies for demand-driven approaches to participatory knowledge generation and innovation development. In addition knowledge management and information exchange will be supported at federal and regional levels.