- Africa does not produce all the food it needs.
- As more Africans leave their rural villages and move into cities, more maize, rice, wheat and other staples have to be shipped in from outside the continent. The cost is huge—well above $20 billion per year—and demand is projected to double by 2020.
- Agricultural resources are not allocated equally across countries, or even within them, so borders often artificially demarcate food surplus areas from food deficit ones.
- High transport costs and the lack of investment in modern trucking and shipping capacity remain a key factor limiting the movement of surplus staples to areas of strong demand.
- Farmers in African countries, especially in the landlocked countries, face higher prices for fertilizers than farmers in other developing countries.
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