Click here for search results

Publications and Reports


Complete List of ACTafrica Knowledge and Learning Products, 2007-2010

The Fiscal Dimension of HIV/AIDS in Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland, and Uganda Buy the Book
HIV/AIDS continues to take a tremendous toll on the populations of many countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In some countries with high HIV prevalence rates, life expectancy has declined by more than a decade and in a few cases by more than two decades. Even in countries with HIV prevalence of around 5 percent (close to the average for sub-Saharan Africa), the epidemic can reverse gains in life expectancy and other health outcomes achieved over one or two decades.
March 2012

HIV/AIDS and Disability: Three Country Studies in South Africa, Uganda and Zambia Conference edition
Disabled persons are disproportionately more vulnerable to HIV infection than nondisabled persons. This study is a unique and comprehensive effort to explore the linkages between HIV/AIDS and disability in diverse contexts.
July 2010

The Southern Africa HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis Plan of Action 2010-2011
Full Action Plan | Brochure
The SACU HIV-TB Action Plan 2010-2011 delineates ways to support the southern African middle-income countries in reaching MDG 6.
April 2010

Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS for Non-Health Operations: A User-Friendly Task Team Guide
Provides non-HIV/AIDS experts with a basic under­standing of and means to address HIV/AIDS as a development challenge to their sector’s overall eco­nomic gains.
December 2009

The Route to Good Living: HIV Prevention in the Transport Sector
An overview of roles and responsibilities for HIV prevention strategies in transport sector projects.
Download the pamphlet
Produced by The World Bank and EnCompass LLC
July 2009

Transport against HIV/AIDS: Synthesis of Experience and Best Practice Guidelines
This paper aims to provide guidance to World Bank transport and health staff on entry points for mitigating HIV’s impact on the transport sector while providing resources and recommendations for designing and implementing interventions. The paper also reviews interventions and approaches undertaken by the World Bank’s transport group, drawing attention to the role and resources of partner agencies, trade unions and key stakeholders.
Download the paper
July 2009

The Changing HIV/AIDS Landscape: A Compendium of Selected Papers Prepared in Conjunction with the World Bank Africa Region’s “HIV/AIDS Agenda for Action 2007-2011”
June 2009

AIM-AIDS: Africa HIV/AIDS Impact Evaluation Program, Technical expertise and logistical support for the fight against HIV/AIDS in Africa
English and French
March 2009

Brochure: Rapid Results Approach to Strengthen Governance
English (PDF)


TB and HIV/AIDS Integration in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Eritrea
English (PDF 2.10MB)

October 2008

Reviews and analyses the current status of 4 regional and 47 national Business Coalitions that are in various stages of development around the world today (and 10 new coalitions planning to launch in 2008-2009). It demonstrates their pivotal role in the AIDS response; describes best practices, benefits, and achievements; and, highlights key challenges facing national and regional coalitions.

The World Bank's Commitment to HIV/AIDS in Africa: Our Agenda for Action, 2007-2011
English | French | Portuguese
June 2008

The World Bank’s Commitment to HIV/AIDS in Africa: Our Agenda for Action 2007-2011, aims to assist countries develop sustainable responses that are well integrated into national development agendas; accelerate implementation and close the gap between available funding and the capacity to use it effectively; strengthen national and health systems; and improve coordination and learning. This Agenda for Action (AFA) is the result of an extensive analytical and consultative process involving more than 30 African partner countries and a wide range of external partners, including U.N. agencies, multilateral and bilateral donors, research institutes, universities, the private sector, labor unions, youth, sexual minorities, local and national governments, people living with HIV/AIDS, and community, faith-based, and civil society organizations.

Lessons Learned from Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in Transport Sector Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa
| French
June 2008

June 2008 Summarizes the links between transport and HIV, assessed the extent to which World Bank transport sector activities in Africa include HIV prevention, and offers lessons and recommendations for improving mainstreaming, so as to reduce HIV risk among transport sector workers and surrounding communities..

Business Coalitions Tackling AIDS: A Worldwide ReviewEnglish (PDF 2.10MB)
January 2008

Reviews and analyses the current status of 4 regional and 47 national Business Coalitions that are in various stages of development around the world today (and 10 new coalitions planning to launch in 2008-2009). It demonstrates their pivotal role in the AIDS response; describes best practices, benefits, and achievements; and, highlights key challenges facing national and regional coalitions.

HIV and Prisons in sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities for Action
October 2007 (Joint report by ACTAfricaWorld Bank, UNAIDS & UNODC assisted by WHO/AFRO)

Limited existing data on HIV in prisons are summarized. What is known is alarming - high HIV risk among prisoners, high transmission risk to non-prison populations, but little attention within HIV programs. This report outlines next steps for assessing national situations, identifying good practices and supporting more effective national policies, programs and service delivery in prison settings.

Treatment Acceleration Program (TAP): Learning from the experiences gained and the challenges ahead
October 2007

Addressing Youth within the World Bank's Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program (MAP)
October 2007

Africa Regional Consultation with Youth on HIV/AIDS and Sexual Reproductive Health
English| French| Portuguese
October 2007

Policy and Institutional Frameworks: Mainstreaming Adolescent Reproductive Health (ARH) and Gender in HIV/AIDS Programs: Examples from Ethiopia and Uganda
October 2007

The Africa Multi-Country AIDS Program 2000-2006: Results of the World Bank's Response to a Development Crisis
English| French| Portuguese
Video: A Map to Action (English| French| Portuguese13MB WMV)
June 2007

Why the MAP program was needed, its status, and summary of results to which MAP support has contributed, in increasing access to prevention, care, treatment and mitigation.

HIV/AIDS, Nutrition & Food Security: What We Can Do

A synthesis of existing international technical guidance on HIV/AIDS, nutrition, and food security, which is a valuable contribution to efforts that support the integration of nutrition and HIV/AIDS projects and programs.

The State of Business Coalitions in Sub-Saharan Africa
September 2006

In the first ever study of its kind, “The State of Business Coalitions in Sub-Saharan Africa”, which is released today, shows how 27 countries are supporting businesses in addressing HIV/AIDS. At least 20 coalitions exist in Sub- Saharan Africa today with more than 16 having been established in the last 5 years to meet growing demands. The study provides guidance to newly launched and those soon to be formed coalitions, shares best practices, benefits, achievements, and highlights the key challenges facing coalitions. Other businesses and donors are now being urged to back the approach and help strengthen Business Coalitions as an important part of the solution to the epidemic, which is devastatingAfrica’s people and economy.

Guidance Note on Disbursement for HIV/AIDS Programs
English| French
January 2006

This booklet explains the disbursement procedures for HIV/AIDS projects, designed to get funds quickly and simply to beneficiary groups, while ensuring that funds are used for the purposes intended. It covers flows of funds to National HIV/AIDS Councils, Intermediary Organizations (ministries, local governments, NGOs, private sector service providers) and Community-Level Organizations. It includes sample forms for requesting funds, showing simplified reporting that organizations must provide to certify that funds have been used appropriately.

Interim review of the Multi-Country AIDS Program (MAP) for Africa
English | French | Portuguese
November 2004

The review was conducted by a multi-partner team drawn from the World Bank, UNAIDS, DFID, and MAP International. The review reaffirms the general approach of the MAP, and emphasizes in particular the role the MAP has played in stimulating inclusive, multisectoral HIV/AIDS programs across Africa. It highlights as key strengths the MAP?s speed, flexibility, and client-driven character, and its strong support for civil society and communities.

Supply Chain Management for HIV/AIDS Medical Commodities
English | French | Portuguese
November 2004 - Sangeeta Raja and Nadeem Mohammad

The handbook on supply chain management for HIV/AIDS commodities was written to assist program managers to plan and implement day–to-day management of all drugs and medical supplies for an HIV/AIDS program. Many of the suggested techniques described in this handbook are helpful to program managers starting to plan or scale-up provision of drugs and supplies for a HIV/AIDS program.

Integrating Gender Issues into HIV/AIDS Programs: An Operational Guide
English | French | Portuguese
November 2004

This Operational Guide offers practical examples of how to strengthen HIV/AIDS programs by integrating a gender perspective. As such, it will be useful to both National HIV/AIDS program management teams, national policy makers, as well as World Bank staff.

HIV/AIDS Business Coalitions: Guidelines for Building Business Coalitions against HIV/AIDS
English | French | Portuguese
November 2004

Reaching Out to Africa's Orphans: A Framework for Public Action
December 2004

This study is aimed at addressing the needs of young children affected by the loss of one or both parents as a consequence of HIV/AIDS and conflicts. In doing so, it makes a substantial contribution to our understanding of the many risks and vulnerabilities faced by orphans and the ameliorating role played by governments and donors.

Battling HIV/AIDS: A Decision Maker's Guide to the Procurement of Medicines and Related Supplies
English | French
June 2004

Battling HIV/AIDS sets out principles and provides advice on the procurement of HIV/AIDS medicines and related supplies for programs scaling up antiretroviral therapy (ART) and associated health services. This technical guide examines the elements required to establish and ensure continuity of supplies, including medicines and other commodities. It provides extensive guidance on key topics: Quality Assurance, Selection & Quantification methods, Intellectual Property Rights, Procurement Strategies, Pricing & Financing, the Supply Cycle and Policy Issues.

Education and HIV/AIDS: A Sourcebook of HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs
English | French | Portuguese | Sourcebook Website
Alexandria Valerio and Donald Bundy, authors
African Human Development Series. Includes CD-ROM.
January 2004. 400 pages. Stock no. 15757 (ISBN 0-8213-5757-3).

The Sourcebook aims to support efforts by countries to strengthen the role of the education sector in the prevention of HIV/AIDS. It was developed in response to numerous requests for a simple forum to help countries share their practical experiences of designing and implementing programs that are targeted at school-age children. The Sourcebook documents thirteen education based HIV/AIDS prevention programs targeting children and youth from seven Sub-Saharan African countries.

Turning Bureaucrats Into Warriors: Preparing and Implementing Multi-Sector HIV-AIDS Programs In Africa
English | French | Potuguese | Website and Annexes
June 2004

These guidelines on preparing and implementing multi-sector HIV-AIDS programs are based on many lessons learned in Africa over the last three years and are designed as a generic operations manual (GOM) from which countries and implementing agencies can learn and adapt for their own use. There has been widespread consultation with relevant stakeholders in preparation of this manual and the responses have been taken into consideration in the final drafting. The GOM is meant as a “living document” to be updated continually on the basis of experience on the ground and to be used by anyone involved in HIV/AIDS programs who finds them useful

Local Government Responses to HIV/AIDS: A Handbook
English | French | Portuguese | Website

September 2003

This handbook, produced by the World Bank Urban and Global HIV/AIDS programs in collaboration with a number of partners (AMICAALL, UNDP, UN-HABITAT, Urban Management Programme and Cities Alliances), suggests a process and accompanying tools that can support local governments in strengthening and/or developing sustainable responses to HIV/AIDS. The Handbook guides local government authorities through steps of prioritizing HIV/AIDS, assessing local impact of HIV/AIDS, and developing an HIV/AIDS Response Strategy (including workplace policy, mainstreaming and coordinating local responses). It offers suggestions for mobilizing resources, implementing the strategy through partnerships (including civil society organizations, private sector and government agencies), and establishing systems of monitoring and evaluation.
Also available in and .

Monitoring and Evaluation Operations Manual
English | French
August 2002

This manual attempts to: introduce key concepts; present simple, clear procedures, with a checklist of the process, timing and costs of building participatory programme M&E for NACs; offer key tools that implementing partners need for M&E; and provide examples of terms of reference and other M&E management and administration materials. This manual emphasizes: the development of the overall M&E system, in relation to the National Strategic Plan; and programme M&E or the monitoring of services provided through NACs and their implementing partners.

Education and HIV/AIDS: A Window of Hope
English | French | Portuguese
Executive Summary (pdf) | Full Document (pdf)
by World Bank English BC 103 pages 6 x 9 Published April 2002 by World Bank ISBN: 0-8213-5117-6 SKU: 15117

The global HIV/AIDS epidemic has already killed 20 million people and another 40 million people are currently infected. The magnitude of this epidemic requires a response that confronts the disease from every sector, but education plays a particularly important role. Education and HIV/AIDS provides a strategic direction for the World Bank in responding to the impact of HIV/AIDS on education systems. The central message of this book is that the education of children and youth deserves the highest priority in a world afflicted by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Condom Procurement Guide
November 2001

This guide is geared to the operational needs of World Bank staff and Borrower-country counterparts who seek to procure condoms for the prevention of HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. It draws upon and complements more detailed documentation produced by the World Health Organization, UNFPA and others, as well as World Bank procurement documents. Its main purposes are to highlight key issues and options to consider when designing condom procurements and to help users navigate the more detailed documentation that is available on these issues when additional information is needed.

Costs of Scaling HIV Program Activities to a National Level in Sub-Saharan Africa: Methods and Estimates
March 2001

This document develops and discusses a resource determination model (RDM) designed to estimate how much would it cost to scale-up different HIV prevention and care strategies to a national level in Sub-Saharan Africa. The model combines cost-studies with detailed information on sexual behavior, condom availability, HIV prevalence and other epidemiological, demographic and health systems. The model yields estimates of the costs of scaling-up ten different HIV prevention and eight care strategies for 37 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Exploring the Implications of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic for Educational Planning in Selected African Countries: The Demographic Question
(March 2000)

The HIV/AIDS epidemic is causing considerable turbulence in the education sector in the region, especially in the high prevalence countries of eastern and southern Africa. In some cases, this turbulence is not being captured in educational planning processes. In these countries, the situation obviously needs to be rectified by examining in detail the impact of the epidemic on the sector and the implications for educational planning.

Intensifying Action Against HIV/AIDS in Africa: Responding to a Development Crisis
English BC 78 pages Published September 1999 by World Bank ISBN: 0-8213-4572-9 SKU: 14572

The first part of this publication introduces the World Bank's10rategy to combat the epidemic in partnership with African governments and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). The second part documents the growing epidemic, its impact on various sectors, and the imperative of urgent action. Additional sections define building blocks for an effective response, delineate the strategic plan for intensifying the actions against AIDS in Africa, discuss the implementation of the suggested measures, and outline further steps that will be necessary after the strategies have been inculcated. French and Portuguese editions also available.

The Economic Impact of Fatal Adult Illness from AIDS and Other Causes in Sub-Saharan Africa
World Bank Abstracts of Current Studies, 1998

AIDS Prevention and Mitigation in Sub-Saharan Africa : An Updated World Bank Strategy (Vol.1)
World Bank Sector Report, 1996

In response to the ever-changing nature of the AIDS epidemic, this update is the 2nd review of the World Bank's 1988 AIDS strategy for Africa. The 1st review, in 1992, found that the 6 strategy actions from 1988 concerning economic & sector work, lending & capacity-building had been initiated with progress. As the 1992 review identified new areas requiring attention, this review suggests some additional actions to assist Africans: 1) generate greater political commitment to the Organization of African Unity declarations on AIDS; 2) work more vigorously to change health behaviors; 3) intensify national programs according to a typology of countries based on severity of prevalence levels; 4) increase the analysis of AIDS & its impact on development goals in economic & sector work; and 5) improve the design & implementation of cost-effective approaches to mitigate the consequences of AIDS.

Experience in Scaling Up Support to Local Response in Multi-Country AIDS Programs (MAP) in Africa

This paper takes stock of methodologies in scaling up local response components supported by the World Bank’s Multi-Country HIV/AIDS Program (MAP) in Africa. The paper draws lessons from, among others, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Eritrea, The Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, and Uganda. It focuses on experiences of countries that have succeeded in scaling up their local response programs within two to three years, the processes involved and the lessons learned.

HIV/AIDS and Mining Toolkit

Southern Africa is particularly affected by HIV/AIDS. The disease already has a major impact in the economies in the region and especially on the mining sector, which is a key business driver. Based on southern African experience, the Guide for the mining sector is a valuable tool in the fight against AIDS. It provides practical advice and management guidance that will help companies implement intervention strategies.

Permanent URL for this page: