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Africa Clean Cooking Energy Solutions Initiative (ACCES)

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Woman Cooking Indoors

To address Africa's long-standing energy challenge and build on new opportunities for transforming the cooking sector, the World Bank, under implementation by the Africa Energy Group (AFTEG), has launched the Africa Clean Cooking Energy Solutions (ACCES) initiative.

Our Mission

To promote enterprise-based, large-scale dissemination and adoption of clean cooking solutions in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). By increasing access to modern technologies and cleaner fuels, the initiative seeks to alleviate the adverse health, environment, and socio-economic impacts of traditional cooking practices in SSA.

Our Vision

To scale up clean cooking and fuel technologies through a consultative, integrated, enterprise-based approach to regional development.

Our Origins

Emerging out of the lessons from past experiences and reinforced by comprehensive stakeholder input, ACCES seeks to drive scale through a cohesive and responsive involvement in the sector. The initial development of ACCES was based on a combination of:

In addition, experiences and lessons learned from the study State of the Clean Cooking Sector landscape analysis were taken into account. The study analyzes fuel use and trends, cookstove technologies and penetration, markets and business models; mapping of sector stakeholders and programs; analyzing barriers and recommends targeted intervention approaches to enhance clean cooking technologies. As well as Interviews, consultations, desk research, and surveys.


For 2.7 billion people, or half of the world's population, the routine task of cooking is a hazardous and labor- intensive endeavor. Imagine cooking food over charcoal bricks or wood branches on an open fire—indoors. This is the reality for many families across the developing world.

Over the last decade, in a growing number of developing countries, there has been a welcome shift toward the use of more clean and sustainable cooking technologies and fuels, away from the traditional practice of cooking over smoky open fires. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), however, over 82% of the population (~700 million people) remains dependent on solid fuels such as charcoal, dung, fuelwood, and other biomass for cooking purposes—and this number is projected to increase to 900 million by 2030.

World Bank's Strategic Vision for the Sector

Consultations in Togo, Africa

The World Bank works along the energy value chain—including generation, transmission and distribution as well as on off-grid solutions. The World Bank's Africa Energy strategy prioritizes support to reduce energy poverty and make biomass supply and use more sustainable. The regional strategy highlights energy access, security, and supply as key factors to bolster competitiveness and employment. Working to develop Africa's large renewable resources is recognized as crucial to reducing vulnerability and enhancing resilience in the region.


The potential impact of expanding access to modern clean cooking solutions extends over health, environmental, economic, and social benefits contributing to poverty reduction and sustainable development, but not without challenges.

Many of the challenges and lessons are consolidated in the reports:

Next Steps

  • The ACCES initiative is committed to supporting the dissemination and adoption of clean cooking technologies and fuel with a view to increasing access, reducing poverty, and improving human well-being. In terms of next steps, ACCES aims to achieve the following milestones:
  • FY2013: undertake country-level consultations, assemble market intelligence, and sector assessments in the initial countries of engagement and prepare the groundwork for implementation.
  • FY2013-2014: begin phased implementation of ACCES activities including establishing the relevant supporting pillars in the countries and operationalizing support to enterprises, promoters, consumers, and policy makers.
  • FY2014 and beyond: scale-up and replicate the initiative across the African continent while incorporating lessons learned from the initial engagement.

Our Approach

ACCES Principles of Engagement

ACCES seeks a consultative approach to its engagement in the clean cooking sector guided by the following key principles:

  • Catalyze sector development through promotion of enterprise-based approaches.
  • Promote differentiated strategies to make clean fuels and technologies accessible and affordable.
  • Maintain a technology and fuel neutral platform, promoting efficient biomass stoves while supporting the transition to clean fuels.
  • Integrate gender considerations into clean cooking strategies and interventions.

Country Engagement

Broadly guided by the ACCES framework, our engagement with client countries will focus on key interventions determined through a consultative process and reflect a particular country's context, needs and priorities of sector development.

The selection of the pipeline of countries was based on three key dimensions—need for impact, ease of entry and operation and market size—and considerations of institutional alignment including alignment with World Bank activities and coordination potential with other donors and partners. The selection was informed by the State of the Sector landscape analysis, stakeholder consultations, and national dialogue allowing a thorough assessment of government buy-in, enabling policies, and availability of partners for implementation.

Near the end of 2012, initial country program design activities were undertaken in DRC, Senegal (French - English) and Uganda. Additional countries will be added to the pipeline as the initiative evolves.

ACCES will work with stove manufactures, distributors, consumers, financial institutions, governments, and global organizations to develop sustainable clean cooking solutions.

Through an adaptable framework for support, the program addresses key barriers to development targeting consumers, enterprises, technology and policy through five supporting pillars:

Supporting Pillars:

  • Quality Assurance and Technical Support
  • Business Development
  • Access to Finance
  • Consumer Engagement
  • Policy Engagement

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