Africa Clean Cooking Energy Solutions Initiative (ACCES)
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To address Africa's long-standing energy challenge and build on new opportunities for transforming the cooking sector, the World Bank, under implementation by the Africa Energy Group (AFTEG), has launched the Africa Clean Cooking Energy Solutions (ACCES) initiative.
To promote enterprise-based, large-scale dissemination and adoption of clean cooking solutions in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). By increasing access to modern technologies and cleaner fuels, the initiative seeks to alleviate the adverse health, environment, and socio-economic impacts of traditional cooking practices in SSA.
To scale up clean cooking and fuel technologies through a consultative, integrated, enterprise-based approach to regional development.
Emerging out of the lessons from past experiences and reinforced by comprehensive stakeholder input, ACCES seeks to drive scale through a cohesive and responsive involvement in the sector. The initial development of ACCES was based on a combination of:
- Regional Stakeholder Consultations in East, West and Southern Africa: 130+ stakeholders across 26 countries were consulted to obtain feedback on barriers, and to expansion of the clean cooking sector and new opportunities for greater impact. Stakeholders included governments; the private sector; civil society groups; research and academia; and donors and partners.
- In-depth study of the cooking sector and regional stakeholder consultations to understand the barriers and priorities for intervention to enable sector growth.
- Key analytical work related to household energy and biomass: Household Cookstoves, Environment, Health, and Climate Change: A new look at an old problem, and Wood-Based Biomass Energy Development for Sub-Saharan Africa: Issues and Approaches.
- World Bank's own operations, comprehensive analytical work and other ongoing Africa Energy operations related to sustainable biomass in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Senegal.
- Experiences from the cookstove sector offering valuable insights taken into account in the development of ACCES.
- Experiences and lessons learned from donor, government, public and private investments in clean cooking solutions.
- Experiences and lessons learned from the Lighting Africa off-grid lighting market-transformation program.
- Challenges and Lessons Learned from past engagements consolidated in the reports: Household Energy Access for Cooking and Heating: Lessons Learned and the Way Forward and Household Cookstoves, Environment, Health, and Climate Change: A New Look at an Old Problem.
In addition, experiences and lessons learned from the study State of the Clean Cooking Sector landscape analysis were taken into account. The study analyzes fuel use and trends, cookstove technologies and penetration, markets and business models; mapping of sector stakeholders and programs; analyzing barriers and recommends targeted intervention approaches to enhance clean cooking technologies. As well as Interviews, consultations, desk research, and surveys.
For 2.7 billion people, or half of the world's population, the routine task of cooking is a hazardous and labor- intensive endeavor. Imagine cooking food over charcoal bricks or wood branches on an open fire—indoors. This is the reality for many families across the developing world.
Over the last decade, in a growing number of developing countries, there has been a welcome shift toward the use of more clean and sustainable cooking technologies and fuels, away from the traditional practice of cooking over smoky open fires. In Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), however, over 82% of the population (~700 million people) remains dependent on solid fuels such as charcoal, dung, fuelwood, and other biomass for cooking purposes—and this number is projected to increase to 900 million by 2030.
World Bank's Strategic Vision for the Sector
The World Bank works along the energy value chain—including generation, transmission and distribution as well as on off-grid solutions. The World Bank's Africa Energy strategy prioritizes support to reduce energy poverty and make biomass supply and use more sustainable. The regional strategy highlights energy access, security, and supply as key factors to bolster competitiveness and employment. Working to develop Africa's large renewable resources is recognized as crucial to reducing vulnerability and enhancing resilience in the region.
The potential impact of expanding access to modern clean cooking solutions extends over health, environmental, economic, and social benefits contributing to poverty reduction and sustainable development, but not without challenges.
Many of the challenges and lessons are consolidated in the reports:
- The ACCES initiative is committed to supporting the dissemination and adoption of clean cooking technologies and fuel with a view to increasing access, reducing poverty, and improving human well-being. In terms of next steps, ACCES aims to achieve the following milestones:
- FY2013: undertake country-level consultations, assemble market intelligence, and sector assessments in the initial countries of engagement and prepare the groundwork for implementation.
- FY2013-2014: begin phased implementation of ACCES activities including establishing the relevant supporting pillars in the countries and operationalizing support to enterprises, promoters, consumers, and policy makers.
- FY2014 and beyond: scale-up and replicate the initiative across the African continent while incorporating lessons learned from the initial engagement.
- ACCES Principles of Engagement
ACCES seeks a consultative approach to its engagement in the clean cooking sector guided by the following key principles:
- Catalyze sector development through promotion of enterprise-based approaches.
- Promote differentiated strategies to make clean fuels and technologies accessible and affordable.
- Maintain a technology and fuel neutral platform, promoting efficient biomass stoves while supporting the transition to clean fuels.
- Integrate gender considerations into clean cooking strategies and interventions.
Broadly guided by the ACCES framework, our engagement with client countries will focus on key interventions determined through a consultative process and reflect a particular country's context, needs and priorities of sector development.
The selection of the pipeline of countries was based on three key dimensions—need for impact, ease of entry and operation and market size—and considerations of institutional alignment including alignment with World Bank activities and coordination potential with other donors and partners. The selection was informed by the State of the Sector landscape analysis, stakeholder consultations, and national dialogue allowing a thorough assessment of government buy-in, enabling policies, and availability of partners for implementation.
Near the end of 2012, initial country program design activities were undertaken in DRC, Senegal (French - English) and Uganda. Additional countries will be added to the pipeline as the initiative evolves.
ACCES will work with stove manufactures, distributors, consumers, financial institutions, governments, and global organizations to develop sustainable clean cooking solutions.
Through an adaptable framework for support, the program addresses key barriers to development targeting consumers, enterprises, technology and policy through five supporting pillars:
- Quality Assurance and Technical Support
- Business Development
- Access to Finance
- Consumer Engagement
- Policy Engagement
News and Events
- East Africa Initiative Regional Forum | March 2013