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Publications and Working Papers

Country and Regional Publications

coverDe-Fragmenting Africa: Deepening Regional Trade Integration in Goods and Services 
Edited by Paul Brenton and Gozde Isik, February 2012

A new World Bank report shows how African countries are losing out on billions of dollars in potential trade earnings every year because of high trade barriers with neighboring countries, and that it is easier for Africa to trade with the rest of the world than with itself...also available in French

Economic Integration in the Lower Congo Region: Opening the Kinshasa-Brazzaville Bottleneck -  Mombert Hoppe and Marius Brulhart, December 2011 

This working paper assesses cross-border economic integration in the Lower Congo region. It focuses on the Kinshasa–Brazzaville conurbation, which is projected to become Africa’s largest urban area by 2025, and is already serving as the gateway to large hinterlands. The volume of recorded passenger travel between Kinshasa and Brazzaville corresponds to about one-fifth of the volume of traffic between East and West Berlin during the time of the Berlin Wall, and formal trade volumes are derisorily small... read more

Harnessing Regional Integration for Trade and Growth in Southern Africa -  June 2011 

This report aims to provide practical policy recommendations for making regional trade integration in Southern Africa work. The premise is that regional integration is an important instrument to unleash the economic potential of the region. Adopting a pragmatic approach, the report examines key trends and challenges in Southern African regional trade agreements. Based on a body of new research it provides a wealth of examples on the obstacles encountered by some of the largest firms that trade regionally, as well as small ones for which the impact of trade barriers is more severe. It also includes survey-based evidence from services providers on the regulatory barriers that they more


Africa Competitiveness Report 2011 -  May 2011 

ACR2011The Africa Competitiveness Report 2011 comes out as the world emerges from the most significant financial and economic crisis in generations. While many advanced economies are still struggling to get their economies back on a solid footing, Africa has, for the most part, weathered the storm remarkably well.
Yet despite its generally solid performance, much needs to be done to ensure that this growth continues into the future. One of the reasons that Africa was less affected by the crisis than some other regions (e.g., emerging Europe) was its limited integration, especially of its financial markets, into the global more 

Supply Chains in Export Agriculture, Competition, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa
by Guido Porto, Nicolas M Depetris Chauvin, Marcelo Olarreaga - March 2011supplychains

Cash crops provide the livelihoods for millions of people in sub-Saharan Africa. This CEPR/World Bank book explores the effects of increasing competition in these markets. It finds that while competition improves welfare for farmers on the whole, policymakers should still consider the potential winners and losers in each more

Special Economic Zones in Africa: Comparing Performance and Learning from Global Experiences by Thomas Farole - February 2011

SEZsThis book, designed for policymakers, academics and researchers, and SEZ program practitioners, provides the first systematic and comprehensive analysis of SEZ programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is the result of detailed surveys and case studies conducted during 2009 in ten developing countries, including six in Sub-Saharan Africa. The book provides quantitative evidence of the performance of SEZs, and of the factors which contribute to that performance, highlighting the critical importance not just of the SEZ itself but of the wider national investment climate in which it functions. It also provides a comprehensive guide to the key policy questions that confront governments establishing SEZ programs, including: if and when to launch an SEZ program, what form of SEZ is most appropriate, and how to go about implementing it. Among the most important findings from the study that is stressed in the book is the shift from traditional enclave models of zones to SEZs that are integrated - with national trade and industrial strategies, with core trade and social infrastructure, with domestic suppliers, and with local labor more

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Working Research Papers

Financial Development and Survival of African Agri-Food Exports by Melise Jaud, Madina Kukenova, Working Paper 5649, May 2011

How Integrated is SADC? Trends in Intra-Regional and Extra-Regional Trade Flows and Policy by Alberto Behar and Lawrence Edwards, Working Paper 5625, April 2011 

The impact of export tax incentives on export performance: evidence from the automotive sector in South Africa by Dorsati H. Madani and Natalia Mas-Guix,  Working Paper 5585, March 2011

Services liberalization in preferential trade arrangements: the case of Kenya by Edward J. Balistreri, David G. Tarr, Working Paper 5552, January 2011

Regional Trade Policy Options for Tanzania: The Importance of Services Commitments by Jesper Jensen and David G. Tarr, Working Paper 5481, November 2010

Microeconomic consequences and macroeconomic causes of foreign direct investment in southern African economies by Daniel Lederman, Taye Mengistae, Lixin Colin Xu, Working Paper 5416, September 2010

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