Despite severe financial and capacity constraints and a difficult external political environment, Eritrea is one of the few African countries on track to meet the Millenium Development Goals in health.
It not only has the best record on the African continent for controlling malaria but can now foresee the actual elimination of the disease.
In addition, HIV/AIDS prevalence has been contained at a relatively low rate of 1.8 percent.
Making the most of resources
With limited donor support for the health sector, Eritrea’s government knows it must plan strategically to make better use of its resources and to build the cost-effectiveness of its public health services.
This means that all national health policy decisions must first be based on measurable evidence.
To do this, the government has called for rigorous impact evaluation, and is now conducting four impact evaluations in the fields of reproductive health, HIV/AIDS prevention, malaria control and early childhood development,
Support for impact evaluation
Capacity development is an integral component of impact evaluation support in Eritrea. The Bank has awarded an Institutional Development Grant of US$ 0.49 million to support capacity development for evidence-based policy making in the Eritrea’s health sector.