Click here for search results

AIM Eritrea

Eritrea - header

Eritrea - header


Despite severe financial and capacity constraints and a difficult external political environment, Eritrea is one of the few African countries on track to meet the Millenium Development Goals in health.

It not only has the best record on the African continent for controlling malaria but can now foresee the actual elimination of the disease.

In addition, HIV/AIDS prevalence has been contained at a relatively low rate of 1.8 percent.

Making the most of resources

With limited donor support for the health sector, Eritrea’s government knows it must plan strategically to make better use of its resources and to build the cost-effectiveness of its public health services.

This means that all national health policy decisions must first be based on measurable evidence.

To do this, the government has called for rigorous impact evaluation, and is now conducting four impact evaluations in the fields of reproductive health, HIV/AIDS prevention, malaria control and early childhood development,

Support for impact evaluation

Capacity development is an integral component of impact evaluation support in Eritrea. The Bank has awarded an Institutional Development Grant of US$ 0.49 million to support capacity development for evidence-based policy making in the Eritrea’s health sector. 



With four ongoing impact evaluations in the fields of reproductive health, HIV/AIDS prevention, malaria control and early childhood development, the Eritrean government is pursuing an evidence-based approach to the priority issues of national health and education policies.



In February 2008, the Eritrean Ministry of Health hosted the Bank-led Cross-Country Workshop on Malaria and HIV/AIDS Impact Evaluation in Asmara. Participating agencies included the National HIV/AIDS Program, the National Malaria Control Program, and the Reproductive Health and Early Childhood Development Program, as well as delegations from ten other countries.

A key outcome of this workshop was that each agency developed proposals for impact evaluation studies.

These health sector studies are now being backed by the Africa Impact Evaluation Initiative (AIM) through technical assistance, fundraising, and capacity development support.

An Africa Impact Evaluation Brown Bag Seminar entitled Success in National Malaria Control: Eritrea's Experience was held at the World Bank headquarters on June 16, 2008. Mr. Saleh Meky, Minister of Health in Eritrea, was the key speaker. Refer to Mr. Meky's presentation for more information.



  • National Malaria Control Program (Ministry of Health)
  • National HIV/AIDS Control Council (Ministry of Health)
  • Reproductive Health Program (Ministry of Health)
  • Early Childhood Development Program (Ministry of Education)
  • Institutional Development Fund (IDF)



Arianna Legovini , Head, Development Impact Evaluation Initiative

Rianna Mohammed, Health Specialist, AFTH1

Carla Bertoncino, Economist, AFTH1

Léandre Bassolé, Impact Evaluation Economist, AIDS Campaign Team for Africa (AFTHV)

Edit Velenyi, Health Economist, Development Economics Research Group (DECRG)


Permanent URL for this page: