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Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP)

Background of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP)

Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) describe a country's macroeconomic, structural, and social policies and programs to promote growth and reduce poverty, as well as associated external financing needs. PRSPs are prepared by governments through a participatory process that involves civil society and development partners, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers provide the basis for World Bank and IMF assistance as well as debt relief under the HIPC (Heavily Indebted Poor Countries) Initiative. PRSPs should be country-driven, comprehensive, partnership-oriented, and participatory. A country only needs to write a PRSP every three years; however, changes can be made to the content of a PRSP using an Annual Progress Report. For more information, please refer to the PRSP page on the World Bank PovertyNetwebsite .

Poverty Reduction Strategy for The Gambia, 2002

The 2002 PRSP for The Gambia (PDF, 5.96 mb) evolved from the interim PRSP (I-PRSP) presented to the Boards of the IMF and IDA during December 2001. The Gambia’s original Strategy for Poverty Alleviation (SPA) was launched in 1994 after two years of consultation with civil society (including the poor), and donors. An even broader participatory process was followed for the PRSP I development. The document provided a sound poverty analysis based on data from household surveys in 1989, 1992 and 1998 complemented by a series of Participatory Poverty Assessments. The strategy delineated the priority sectors in terms of their contribution to pro-poor growth and provision of public services.

Poverty Reduction Strategy II for the Gambia, 2007

In November 2006, the Gambia issued the Second Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRSP II; PDF, 1.1 mb) for the period from 2007 to 2011. The PRSP II is presented as a 5-year planning framework to assist The Gambia in its efforts to achieve the MDGsand the goals of the Vision 2020, the country’s long-term development strategy. It includes interventions that could not be completed during the PRSP I period, particularly in the priority sectors health, education and agriculture. In addition top these priorities, the water resources sector has been added as a further high priority for PRSP II.

The long term goal of the strategy is to eradicate poverty by significantly increasing national income through sustained economic growth and reducing income and non-income inequalities through specific poverty reduction priority interventions.

The PRSP II focuses on five pillars or areas of intervention, which are:

Create an Enabling Policy Environment to promote Growth and Poverty Reduction.

Enhance the capacity and output of productive sectors: Agriculture, Fisheries, Industry, Trade and Tourism, with emphasis on productive capacities of the poor and vulnerable populations.

Improve Coverage of the basic social services and social protection needs of the Poor and Vulnerable.

Enhance governance systems and build the capacity of local communities and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) to play an active role in economic growth and poverty reduction.

Mainstreaming poverty related cross-cutting issues into poverty reduction.

For more information on The Gambia PRSP, please refer to the Africa – Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) webpage. 

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