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Country Assistance Strategy (CAS)

Background on Country Assistance Strategy

The Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) is the most important World Bank country document. It is tailored to the needs and circumstances of each country and lays down the World Bank Group's development priorities, as well as the level and type of assistance the Bank will provide for a period of three years.

The CAS preparation is a participatory process. Before the adoption, key elements of the strategy are discussed with government representatives; and to ensure the widest possible involvement, public dialogues are also held, with Internet-based discussions taking place in many countries.

However, the CAS is not a negotiated document. Any differences between the country's own agenda and the Bank's strategy are highlighted in the CAS document. A progress report is issued in the intervening year. More information is available at the World Bank CAS website.



Malawi CAS ─ 2007-2010


The support that the World Bank plans to provide to Malawi from 2007-2010 is outlined in the 4th Country Assistance Strategy (PDF). The CAS supports the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS 2006-2011) whose focus is to reduce poverty through sustained economic growth and infrastructure development. The MDGS prioritizes six key areas that are the basis for Malawi’s economic growth, namely: agriculture and food security; irrigation and water development; transport infrastructure development; energy generation and supply; integrated rural development; and prevention and management of nutrition disorders, and HIV/AIDS.


The CAS supports the MGDS by focusing on the achievement of four outcomes:

CAS Outcome

                 Related MGDS Goal


1.        Improve smallholder agricultural productivity and integration into agro-processing.



Medium term economic growth through agriculture and agro-processing. Decrease need for food aid.

2.        Put in place a foundation for longer term economic growth through improved infrastructure and investment climate.


Increase private sector led growth and competitiveness in regional and international markets.

3.        Decrease vulnerability at the household level especially from HIV/AIDS and malnutrition.


Management and prevention of nutrition disorders, HIV and AIDS.

4.        Sustain improvements in fiscal discipline, budget execution, and accountability of the civil service.

Good governance.


In the 4th CAS, the Bank seeks to support Malawi through projects identified by Malawi as key to meeting its development goals. The Bank will also support policy dialogue by gathering data and producing analytical studies on economic and social development. The Bank will also collaborate with other multilateral and bilateral partners to co-ordinate the provision of development assistance.


Previous CAS:


The FY04-06 CAS (PDF) was a transitional program built on strengthening economic management and achieving macroeconomic stability; establishing a platform for sustainable poverty reducing growth; and supporting improved service delivery and expanded safety nets.


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