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Cambodia

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 Quick Facts
 Figures show the most recent available data and the year.

Source: World Development Indicators 2006  

 Publications and Reports
 

Cambodia Getting Girls Into School (medium)Getting Girls Into School: Evidence from a Scholarship Program in Cambodia

  
 

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Overview

Cambodia is recovering from many years of internal and external strife from the Khmer Rouge regime of the 1970s and the Vietnamese occupation in the 1980s. Although the economic growth rate has almost doubled in Cambodia in the last decade, reaching 4.9 percent in 2004, around 40 percent of the population still remains under the national poverty line. 

The economy of the country is mainly based on agriculture, which in spite of the decrease of its participation during the last years, still accounts for 32 percent of the GDP. The urbanization process is ongoing, but around 70 percent of the population lives in rural areas and is engaged in agriculture. 

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Education in Cambodia

Cambodian children There have been significant improvements in the past five years in the education sector in Cambodia, particularly in terms of primary net enrollment gains, the introduction of program based-budgeting and the development of a sound pro-poor policy framework. But several challenges remain.

Most Cambodian children attend some schooling, but a large share complete only a few grades-with 85 percent of 15 to 19 year olds completing grade 1, while only 27 percent complete grade 7. There are also disparities in education participation rates by different regions, income groups and gender. Inefficiency and poor quality in education service delivery at primary, secondary and tertiary levels, weak local management capacity and a lack of reliability in education finance disbursement are other major challenges in the sector.

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World Bank Program

Projects

  •  Students
    Project Profile:  Cambodia Education Quality Improvement Project
    The  Cambodia Education Sector Support Project (ongoing) is assisting the Government in implementing its Education Strategic Sector Plan (ESSP) goals of expanding access to educational services by addressing supply, demand and quality and efficiency constraints, with a special focus on the poor and underserved communities.

    To achieve these goals, the project is expanding educational facilities in poor and underserved areas, delivering scholarship programs to poor children, providing training and capacity building at local levels to improve education services and addressing specific implementation issues around the ESSP.
     
  • Fast Track Initiative. Cambodia was recently welcomed into the Fast Track Initiative and has received an allocation of US$54 million from the FTI's Catalytic Fund to help improve the access and quality of basic education in the country.

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Analytical and Advisory Services

  • The  Cambodia Child Labor Study provides an overview of the child labor phenomenon in Cambodia and looks at its consequences on the health and education systems.
     
  • The study, Getting Girls Into School: Evidence from a Scholarship Program, looks at the effect of a scholarship program in Cambodia on girls transitioning from primary to lower secondary school. The report shows that the scholarship program had a large, positive effect on the school enrollment and attendance of girls.
     
  •  The 2005 Public Expenditure Tracking Survey looked at how resources are channeled to schools. The report specifically looked at the impact of a new policy on the delivery of resources in a timely and predictable manner.
     
  • cambodian children in classroomImproving the Data Collection on Children with Disabilities (in progress). For countries attempting to reach the last 10 to 15 percent of children not enrolled in primary education, addressing the needs of children with disabilities is particularly important, since they are often the last considered.   However, due to a lack of data, governments are unsure about how to identify and scale up best practices. 

    This project, part of the Netherlands partnership program, will help build local capacity for collecting real-time data on children with disabilities that can be used to monitor education services and evaluate the impact of interventions intended to improve them. Ongoing disability data collection that is built into countries’ own Education Management Information Systems is needed because survey data – which is usually scarce and of poor quality – is too expensive and generally not suitable for monitoring and evaluation in national programs for a relatively small, hard to identify group.
     
  • Supported by the Education Program Development Fund (EPDF), the World Bank organized a workshop with the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports in Cambodia, Promoting Inclusion in Cambodia: From Early Identification to Inclusive Education Policy. The workshop discussed with the government and donors the strategy for including children with disabilities in the education system in Cambodia and discussed the government's draft  inclusive education policy. The workshop also discussed the development of children's books that address the themes of inclusion for dissemination into schools and communities. 
    blue arrow Agenda

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June 2007




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