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Policy and Institutional Capacity

 

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Project Documents on
Policy and Institutional
Capacity

Policies and institutions are essential mechanisms in effective environmental management. However, the environmental policies, regulations, and institutions that have been developed in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region are generally inadequate to cope with the wide range of environmental problems that exist. In many cases the existing arrangements have not led to sufficient environmental governance, regulation of externalities or the facilitation of innovative approaches, such as ecosystem or watershed management. 

EAP's rapid economic growth has transformed the region's environmental challenges, but its policy and regulatory framework has not been able to keep up. Increasing levels of resource use and new sources of pollution require updated regulations, but the policies required to put them in place are not easy to formulate. In order to assist its client countries with these issues the World Bank provides technical support with analytical papers on various challenges that the countries face, and provides capacity building assistance to enable national institutions to fulfil their roles. 

  Decentralized Environmental Management
  Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
  Private Sector and Civil Society
  Capacity Building
  Regulatory Frameworks

The World Bank will continue to address environmental policy and regulatory issues through activities that promote; 

  • Policy development, with analysis of the economic cost of environmental damages; the establishment and clarification of property rights and proper pricing of natural resources; improved emission standards and transport fuel quality regulations; integration of environmental considerations into sector policies and programs, incentive-based tools such as environmental taxes and charges;
  • Institutional performance, with support for integrated natural resource management (e.g. watershed and airshed management); improved cross-sectoral coordination among agencies; the measurement and monitoring of environmental performance, and enforcement of environmental regulations; public environmental information disclosure programs; and consultation with stakeholders.

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