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Urban Environment

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East Asia's rapidly growing urban areas have become an engine of economic growth in the region. For example, while Shanghai and Beijing only account for 2 percent of China’s population, they generate 17 percent of its GDP; Bangkok, as well as Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, which account for 19 percent of Vietnam’s population, generate 50 percent of their respective countries' GDP. However, these mega-cities, and many of the region's smaller cities and towns, are also generating a variety of environmental challenges that are threatening people's quality of life.

It is projected that the percent of the region's population living in urban environments will expand from around 38 percent at present to 62 percent by 2030. This expansion will be accomodated by massive growth in urban peripheries and will exacerbate many enviornmental issues. These include, but are not limited to:

  Environmental Services
  Air Quality Management

The World Bank will continue to address urban environmental issues, and will focus on; 

  • Wider access to safe water, sanitation, waste management, and health / hygiene education, with the aim of achieving key targets and environmental health objectives of the MDGs.
  • Improved urban air quality, with a focus on the reduction of ambient concentrations of fine particulates and cost-effective measures in the transport, energy, industry, and residential sectors.
  • Integration of environmental considerations into urban land use planning, transport management, and industrial development.

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