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Vietnam Environment

Available in: Tiếng Việt 


Rapid economic growth in Vietnam over the last ten years, and its associated industrialization, urbanization, as well as increased exploitation of natural resources, has created significant pressures for the environment.

The increasing deterioration of environmental conditions is emerging as a barrier to growth and development.

Climate change challenges, prominent on our agenda, are multisectoral and not just environmental but they often have a shared environmental dimension in their causes, impacts, or solutions.


The Bank’s environment agenda in Vietnam is focused on ensuring environmental sustainability within Vietnam's development and growth and in ongoing and future projects as well as on analytical work, and safeguards.

The Bank closely aligns its priorities with those of the Government of Vietnam as articulated in the Country Partnership Strategy.

The third of four pillars of the Country Partnership Strategy for Vietnam for the period 2007 to 2011 refers to “Strengthening Natural Resources and Environmental Management”.

On this Environment page, about every month, we post a new technical brief covering a specific project, report, or activity. The most recent brief is noted above. All the older briefs are listed and linked at the bottom of each of the theme page.


Protecting Biodiversity of Chu Yang Sin in the Central Highlands of Vietnam (NEW)  
The Carbon Finance Assist Technical Assistance program 
Climate-Resilient Development in Vietnam: Strategic Directions for the World Bank 
More Technical Briefs
Climate Change

Pollution & Hazardous Waste Management 

Hazardous Chemical Phase-out Programs 

Biodiversity Conservation

Integrated Coastal Zone Management

Environmental Policy 

Environmental Impact Assessment and Safeguard Policies  

Little Green Data Book 
Environmental at a Glance
Millennium Dev. Goals
Publications and Reports
Related Links
The following themes briefly outline the major priorities of the World Bank in the environment sector in Vietnam. Each of these themes is further developed on a linked page.
  1. Climate Change: Considerable analytical work is underway on adaptation issues and this work is starting to influence design of our projects. On the mitigation side, work focuses on efforts to mainstream greenhouse gas mitigation into the Bank’s portfolio through carbon finance projects and other mechanisms. Much larger mitigation/clean technology projects are being considered. 
  2. Pollution and Hazardous Waste Management: Extensive analytical work, as well as some direct investments in technical assistance and pollution management through grants and loans, compose the work of the World Bank in this sector. 
  3. Hazardous Chemical Phase-out Programs: Vietnam is a signatory of both the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The World Bank supports Vietnam to meet its commitments under these conventions through a series of projects to phase-out ozone depleting substance (ODS), as well as to ensure the safe management of PCBs and their eventual phase-out. 
  4. Biodiversity Conservation: Vietnam’s forests, waters and wetlands are characterized by a high level of endemism, diversity, and threat to their continuing existence. The Bank’s support for conservation is largely through a number of existing activities in the fields of forestry and biodiversity management in protected areas. 
  5. Integrated Coastal Zone Management: Coastal zone management is crucial for an integrated development approach in Vietnam. Rising temperatures and their impacts on sea levels and fish stocks make fisheries and aquaculture topics of continued interest for Bank’s possible future involvement, together with integrating coastal issues into regional development, particularly in Mekong Delta region.  
  6. Environmental Policies: Sector-specific examples of environmental policy dialogue can be found in almost all Bank projects. At a broader level, we engage with the Government of Vietnam on environmental policy work through Poverty Reduction Support Credits (PRSCs) and various mechanisms of support to planning processes. 
  7. Environmental Impact Assessment and Safeguard Policies:  The Bank in Vietnam supports the integration of environmental considerations into projects and development programs in two important ways: i) by incorporating and strengthening Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) in Vietnamese national systems; and ii) ensuring compliance with World Bank safeguard policies to minimize environmental impacts of our projects and maximize environmental benefits.
Under the general management of Ms. Jennifer Sara, Sector Manager of the Sustainable Development Department of the Bank in Vietnam, The Environment Group in the Bank’s Vietnam office consists of Mr. Douglas J. Graham, Environment Sector Coordinator, Ms. Tran Thi Thanh Phuong, Senior Environment Specialist, Ms. Vu Thi Dieu Ly, Operations Officer, Mr. Ngo Huy Toan, Operations Officer, and Ms. Le Thanh Huong Giang, Team Assistant. In addition, environmental work in Vietnam is carried out by specialists in other Hanoi-based teams such as those of Rural, Transport, Energy, and Urban and we are supported by specialists from other Bank offices and from Washington, DC.
For more details on our environment-oriented assistance to Vietnam, visit the
Vietnam Country Website.

Last updated: 2011-06-10

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