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Environmental Services

Many of the region’s urban areas still suffer from a lack of access to clean water supply and appropriate sanitation. Where services exist, the quality is often inadequate, and access, especially for the poor, is limited.  For example, exposure to waterborne diseases due to inadequate access to safe water, hygiene and sanitation, is estimated to cause more than 500,000 infant deaths per year, as well as a huge burden of illness and disability in the region. Hazardous waste management, including the treatment and disposal of industrial wastes, is an increasing concern, and the lack of environmentally safe disposal sites represents a major problem in many urban areas.

Sanitation
Sanitation is the largest component of the World Bank's China urban portfolio, and the second largest after water supply in the rest of the region. The World Bank has been supporting the construction and expansion of sewerage systems (e.g. in Manila), combined with local level capacity building for sanitation systems and integrated water resource management. In Indonesia, sanitation programs focus on the provision of basic services for the urban poor.

Solid Waste Management (SWM)
SWM oriented projects focus on the collection, transfer, and disposal of household, commercial, institutional wastes and, more recently, the establishment and/or strengthening of autonomous SWM companies, i.e. in China, Indonesia, and Vietnam. 

Drainage, Flood Control, and Water Resource Management
Several projects are underway that will help to improve flood protection of urban areas, e.g. in China and Vietnam. Poor drainage and frequent flooding affect many urban areas, spreading disease and damaging property. Once again the poor are disproportionately affected as they often are forced to settle in marginal, flood-prone areas.

Water Supply and Management
Safe and sustainable water supply is key to the regions development agenda, as it has implications on many themes, including poverty alleviation, environmental sustainability, private sector-led growth, participatory development and good governance. An estimated 441 million people in EAP lack access to an improved water source. This figure includes 93 percent of people in urban and 67 percent of people in rural areas. Economic growth has been the prime driver behind increasing service coverage in East Asia, as improving economic strength has facilitated some investment in water supply.
In China, water supply projects are being implemented in peri-urban areas through the establishment of water utility companies. In Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam, projects focus more on service provision to poor urban areas, and address key environmental issues, such as protection of intake water, reliability of supply during the dry season, and long-term monitoring of drinking water quality.

More information
  World Bank - Urban Solid Waste Management: This site contains information on World Bank solid waste management initiatives.

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