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Regulatory Frameworks

The Bank is helping to establish environmental regulation and assessment frameworks in many countries. Some examples of this work include;

Environmental Charges
The World Bank is supporting a number of initiatives in the Laguna De Bay lake and watershed in the Philippines in order to assist in the sustainable management of this important resource. Innovative features include Community Driven Development, Co-management, and Integrated Water Resource Management. At the administrative level though the project is supporting the Laguna Lake Development Authority with capacity strengthening activities to help it carry out policy, regulatory and development functions. For example, the project is providing support for the Effluent User Fee by improving the charge calculation procedure and collection rate.

Transparency and accountability

The Asia Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) initiative brings timber-producing countries in the Asia-Pacific region with various timber-consuming countries such as the United States , United Kingdom , Japan, China, and Canadato combat illegal logging associated with trade, and corruption through a systemic governance and law enforcement approach

 

In Indonesia, the Ministry of Finance and other relevant institutions, in consultation with civil society, development agencies and the private sector launched (a) the Forest Transparency Initiative, which aims at making reliable and up-to-date forest information available to decision makers through the development of a sectoral disclosure policy; and (b) the Forest Law Enforcement Initiative to implement and support a systematic, comprehensive framework of measures of prevention, detection, and suppression of forest crime.

Information Disclosure
Since the mid-nineties, the Indonesia Ministry of Environment has been trying to complement existing command and control regulations with market based instruments and public disclosure tools to improve compliance with environmental laws, regulations and standards. The World Bank supported PROPER program, launched in 1996, was designed to improve the environmental performance of the private sector by increasing the transparency of their pollution performance. The program, which was a first in developing countries, has recently been scaled up from the pilot level to capture a larger proportion of industry. The aim is to create public demand for a cleaner environment that companies can respond to; however, experience has shown that internal transparency is as important as external transparency of environmental pollution information. The rating methodology measures water, air, hazardous waste, and other factors with 5 categories of environmental performance.

Modeled on PROPER, China's GreenWatch Program represents the most ambitious approach to public information disclosure to date in the region. Launched in 1998, the program covers all major air, water, and toxic pollutants for more than 5,000 industrial enterprises. In the Philippines, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is considering adopting an information disclosure program for beach water quality to promote better environmental management at the local level.

 

Leaded Gasoline

The World Bank has supported the successful phase-out of leaded gasoline in the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. In Thailand, for example, an ambitious program to eliminate leaded gasoline was completed in 1995, after only 4.5 years, and a year ahead of schedule. Building on lesson from regional programs and worldwide experience, the Bank, together with other partners, assisted Vietnam to switch virtually overnight in 2001.

 




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