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Water Resources Management

NRM picsWater Resources Management is an integrating theme for a number of water sub-sectors such as Hydropower, Water Supply and Sanitation, Irrigation and Drainage, and Environment. An integrated water resources perspective ensures that social, economic, environmental and technical dimensions are taken into account in the management and development of water resources. 

Effective development and management of water resources are essential for sustainable growth and poverty reduction. The EAP region is experiencing rapid economic and population growth and migration from rural to urban areas. This severely stresses urban water supply and sanitation systems, increasing competition for surface and ground water resources and deteriorating water quality. The amounts of investment and the attempts to improve water resources management have been grossly inadequate.

The challenges of water resources management have become acute for many of the Bank's EAP borrowers and are increasing as a consequence of rapid population and economic growth. Water quality is deteriorating in rural and urban areas throughout the region due to heavy uncontrolled point source and diffuse pollution. The damages and threats posed by floods and droughts are becoming more severe as development and population pressures mount, and are exacerbated by climate change.

In China water scarcity problems are increasing in northern provinces and in the proximity of large and medium sized urban areas throughout the country. The Bank launched a AAA program to assist the Government in developing, adopting, and implementing an integrated set of policy and institutional reforms needed to more effectively address the water scarcity issue and build a water-saving society.  To view a presentation that gives an overview of Chinese water pollution control issues, click here

Environmental degradation, including negative impacts on watersheds, wetlands, riverine and lake systems, and coastal and marine systems is widespread, which has also negatively impacted the positive socio-economic benefits of growth. Biodiversity and human health have been severely impacted. The most visible water problems occur in and around cities where competition for surface water and overexploitation of groundwater reserves as well as pollution are common. Beijing/Tianjin, Shanghai, Manila, Jakarta, Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh City are prime examples of the region's megacities with major and very visible water resources related problems.

More information:
  Water Resources (from the East Asia and Pacific Rural Development Website)
  Water Resources Sector Strategy: Strategic Directions for World Bank Engagement
  World Bank Water Resources Management Website 


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