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Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)

Available in: Tiếng việt

Vietnam is endowed with a long coastline of 3,000 km, many islands, and a wealth of marine natural resources. Its marine or coastal ecosystems include coral reefs, sea-grasses, and mangrove forests.

Unfortunately, these resources are much degraded in Vietnam and even the vestiges of natural marine ecosystems are facing ongoing threats.

Rising temperatures and their impacts on sea levels and fish stocks make fisheries and aquaculture topics of continued interest for Bank’s possible future involvement, together with integrating coastal issues into regional development, particularly in the Mekong Delta region.

Analytical Work

The Bank has produced two important pieces of analytical work on limiting environmental impacts of aquaculture and on the national fisheries policy. These will be posted here in the near future.

Work is about to begin on a new analytical study looking at the impacts of climate change on the aquaculture and fisheries sector.

As reports become available, in early 2010, they will be posted at this site.

Project Investments

Hon Mun Marine Protected Area Pilot Project (P067804): extending over about 10,500 hectares and several islands, the first Marine Protected Area (MPA) in Vietnam was established in 2001 in Hon Mun, Nha Trang Bay.

Financed by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) through the World Bank, the project also received funds from the government of Denmark, IUCN – The World Conservation Union, and the government of Vietnam.

The project was implemented by the Ministry of Fisheries, Khanh Hoa Province, and IUCN. The project closed in November 2005.

Overall, the project assisted Vietnam to conserve threatened marine biodiversity hotspots under the National Biodiversity Action Plan including coral reefs, and endangered flora and fauna species at Hon Mun.

The project introduced local communities to collaborative management principles through the preparation of a management plan, as well as ad hoc trainings on sound management planning.

A series of village micro-credit programs were also launched to support alternative local income generating activities.

Finally, the pilot project helped building institutional capacity within the Ministry of Fisheries for marine environmental management.

The protection and restoration of critical coastal mangrove wetland ecosystems in the Mekong Delta were at the heart of the Coastal Wetlands Protection Project (P042568), which closed in August 2007.

The Bank project aimed at restoring and protecting coastal mangrove wetland ecosystems devastated by an uncontrolled expansion of shrimp farming. 

The project was designed to balance environmental protection with the livelihood needs of people dependent on natural resources.

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