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Indonesia Kecamatan Development Program

buildind roads


Community work

  Overview |  Key Principles | Coverage 



Grant amount:

US$1.3 billion - total loan, grant and government financing since 1998

Implementation period:

1998 - 2008 (KDP Phases 1, 2, and 3)

Geographic area:

Nation-wide. Coverage to date: 30 provinces, 260 districts, 1,983 sub-districts, 34,200 villages.

Partner Agency:

Implementing Agency:  Ministry of Home Affairs.
Trust Funds from: Dutch, Japan, Multidonor Trust Fund, DFID

The Kecamatan Development Program (KDP) is a national Government of Indonesia program, implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Community Development Office aimed at alleviating poverty, strengthening local government and community institutions, and improving local governance. KDP began in 1998 at a time of tremendous political upheaval and financial crisis. Currently, KDP is in its third phase, and is expected to run until 2009.

The program is funded through government budget allocations, donor grants, and loans from the World Bank. It provides block grants of approximately Rp. 500 million to 1.5 billion (approximately US$50,000 to US$150,000) to sub-districts (kecamatan) depending upon population size. Villagers engage in a participatory planning and decision-making process to allocate those resources for their self-defined development needs and priorities. KDP focuses on Indonesia’s poorest rural communities.

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Key Principles

  • Participation/Inclusion. Community participation is emphasized, especially among the poor and women. Participation should be broad-based, through local decision-making by all villagers.
  • Transparency. KDP emphasizes transparency and information-sharing throughout the project cycle. Decision-making and financial management should be open and shared with the community.
  • Open Menu. Villagers can propose any activity, except for ones on a negative list.
  • Competition for Funds. There should be open, healthy competition between villages for KDP funds.
  • Decentralized. Decision-making and management occurs at the local level.
  • Simple. No complex rules, just simple strategies and methods.

All KDP activities aim at allowing villagers to make their own choices about the kinds of projects that they need and want.

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Geographical Coverage

From 1998 to 2006, KDP has covered 34,233 of the poorest villages in Indonesia, covering approximately 49 percent of the entire 69,956 villages in the country.

KDP Coverage from 1998 - 2006

Click map to enlarge and view details

Numbers in map indicate the number of kecamatan participating in KDP from 1998 up to 2006.
Data source: MIS—KDP National Management Consultants.



July 2005

Total KDP

Total in

Total KDP
To Date






 91 (%)






59 (%)






37 (%)






49 (%)

 Data sources: MIS - KDP National Management Consultants
 */  BPS PODES data, 2005, includes rural and urban areas.

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Permanent URL for this page:

KDP website (in Bahasa Indonesia)

Selected Information