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Addressing HIV/AIDS in the Transport Sector in East Asia & Pacific

The World Bank’s transport sector is committed to addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic. While the overall prevalence of HIV among most countries in the East Asia and Pacific region is relatively low, there is a clear need to focus on this issue now.

In most countries the epidemic is concentrated within certain vulnerable populations, echoing the pattern earlier seen in many other countries with more mature epidemics.

Targeting such groups with focused interventions remains one of the key strategies employed globally to tackle the epidemic at this stage. It has also been recognized that because of the complex nature of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its broad social and economic impact, every sector is affected and is vulnerable, thus a multi-sector approach is being used.

The transport sector, for example, has been shown to be one of the “transmitters” for HIV/AIDS. A clear focus is on the roads, which carry the majority of goods and people, targeting truckers, construction workers, migrant laborers, and sex workers at truck-stops. Seeking to address these issues, global partners signed an agreement to work towards mitigating the spread of HIV/AIDS for the infrastructure sectors. This Joint Initiative, signed in 2006, has encouraged development agencies to partner in their response to this global epidemic as it pertains to infrastructure. Please consult the Related Sites section of this page for additional information on individual and combined efforts in the region.

The Bank’s transport program in East Asia and Pacific (EAP) reviewed its projects to identify opportunities to address HIV/AIDS issues with an initial focus on new projects under preparation or recently started.

The preferred “model” for HIV/AIDS intervention is to support provider(s) (e.g., government agency, NGO, consultant, etc.) to deliver a consistent education program for the entire project. The focus is on mainstreaming simple – but effective – low cost information activities that can be readily implemented on transport projects using existing available resources.  The recent mainstreaming of “HIV Clauses” into the Bank’s standard works bidding documents is helping with this effort.

To date the regional transport strategy has been implemented in the 
 Hubei Shiman Highway Project in China, funded by Global HIV, and also on the  Fifth Inland Waterways and  Third Jiangxi Highway Projects in China and the  Provincial and Rural Infrastructure Project in Cambodia, funded by an IDF Grant.

Additional funding is currently being sought to implement the strategy on other projects.

 

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Presentation Image
Transport Against HIV/AIDS: Continuing the Mainstreaming Effort
HIV in Cambodia's Transport Sector: Past Experience, Future Interventions (2.2MB PDF)
GDLN: Implementing the Road to Good Health (11/2008)

Implementing the Road to Good Health Toolkit
English (6.2MB PDF)
Chinese (692KB PDF)
Vietnamese (6.3MB PDF)
Khmer (6.3MB PDF)

GDLN: Introducing the Road to Good Health (10/2008)

Introducing the Road to Good Health
English (9.8MB PDF)
Chinese (901KB PDF)
Vietnamese (10.5MB PDF)

GDLN: Experience Combating HIV in the Transport Sector (9/2008)
HIV/AIDS in Rural Road
Construction - Cambodia
(1.6MB PDF)
HIV/AIDS in China - Potential Epidemic
(434 KB PDF)
HIV/AIDS Education for Third Jiangxi Highway Project - China (2MB PDF)
ADB Transport Forum (9/2008)
World Bank Interventions in the East Asia and Pacific Region (752KB PDF)
Seminar on HIV/AIDS in the Transport Sector in China (2006)
HIV/AIDS Prevention in China (9.9MB PDF)
The World Bank and AIDS (401KB PDF)
World AIDS Update
(2.5MB PDF)
Prevention and Treatment of STDs (1.4MB PDF)
STDs Epidemic, Prevention and Control (528KB PDF)
HIV/AIDS and the Role of the Transport Sector (172KB PDF)
 
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Projects Picture

The Road to Good Health Toolkit (link)

Findings from the Field: Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, and Vietnam (1.4MB PDF)

Standard Contracting Documents, to include HIV/AIDS on Infrastructure Projects (214KB PDF)

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Publications Picture

Combating HIV in the East Asia and Pacific Region Transport Sector: Success on the Road in China (410KB PDF)
Chinese version
(435KB PDF)

Planning and Managing for HIV/AIDS Results: A Handbook (2007)
HIV/AIDS in East Asia and Pacific - Fact Sheet (2007)
The Economics of Effective AIDS Treatment: Evaluating Policy Options for Thailand (2006)
 

Related Site Logo

Related Sites

HIV/AIDS in the EAP Region
World Bank HIV/AIDS Site
Transport and HIV/AIDS
Joint Initiative Statement
UNAIDS Asia
UNAIDS Oceania

 

 




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