Japan is the second largest aid donor in the world. Over the past 30 years, it has provided over $200 billion to development as part of its official assistance program. While the top recipients of Japan's aid are primarily countries in East and South East Asia, it is also one of the largest donors in several African countries.
In the past five years, Japan's ODA in percentage terms and absolute amount – from 13.5 billion in 2000 to 8.8 billion in 2004, and as a percentage of GNI, from 0.28% down to 0.19% – due to its fiscal and budgetary constraints. The overall decline of ODA levels however, has now ended with a trend towards progressive increases in the period ahead, especially to Africa. At the G8 Gleneagles Summit, Prime Minister Koizumi pledged to increase ODA by $10 billion in the coming five years. Japan has also agreed on a debt-cancellation package to Africa and promised to contribute approximately $4.9 billion, one of the largest pledges among donor nations.
To learn more about Japan and the MDGs.