Despite robust economic growth in recent years, Russia is facing phenomenal population decline, due in large part to untimely deaths from heart disease, traffic accidents, and alcoholism.
Life expectancy in Russia is 12 years less than life expectancy in the US, a startling gap for a fellow-member of the G-8.
Since 1992, the Russian population was reduced by 6 million people, and if current low fertility and high mortality trends continue, the Russian Federation will lose approximately 18 million people by 2025. As a result, Russia will go from being the 6th-most-populous country in the world to being the 17th.
Russian working-age men are particularly at risk. If current ill health and disability are considered, the healthy life expectancy of Russian males will fall to 53 years.
This report takes an in-depth look at those non communicable diseases and injuries that have emerged as the leading killers in the Russian Federation. It explains the key risk factors contributing to early deaths and calculates social and economic costs, as well as outlines options to deal with this challenge on the basis of international good practices.
- Dec. 8, 2005 Press Release: World Bank Report Warns Shrinking Workforce Could Curtail Growth (in English and Russian)
- Click here for a 30-page summary of the report [PDF, 450 KB]
Click here to download the full report “Dying Too Young: Addressing Premature Mortality and Ill Health Due to Non Communicable Diseases and Injuries in the Russian Federation” [PDF, 870 KB].