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Migration and Development: Europe and Central Asia (ECA)


Migration has become an important phenomenon in many countries. Its importance has become more pronounced in the last decade with its significant contribution to foreign exchange earnings, economic growth and poverty reduction. This pattern is very distinct in many ECA countries, with a special attention to CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States). Increasingly, a large share of the labor force in many CIS countries is residing abroad; this could be as little as 5 percent or as large as one-third. More > 

For more information, please contact: Mr. Sudharshan Canagarajah and Mr. Matin Kholmatov

Migration and RemittancesThe World Bank Work on migration in ECA countriesWhat's New

The World Bank-Wide Work on Migration
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Data & Statistics
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Key challenges for the CIS countries in effectively managing their labor migration polices and reforms could be grouped into three broad categories: (1) creation of a unified migration space and labor market; (ii) protection of migrants’ rights; and (iii) development of an efficient migrant support system. More > 


Migration of people across international borders affects economic growth and social welfare in both sending and receiving countries. More than 200 million people now live outside their country of birth. What does the World Bank do on migration? 


Projects & Programs

The Europe and Central Asia Region of the World Bank has been active in providing a range of live and virtual interactive programs to support the improvement of the environment of migrant workers within the CIS states.

A series of video conference based dialogues between six CIS countries provided for dialogue with experts on best practices worldwide.

The series led to a study tour in the Philippines and a subsequent workshop for representatives from each of participating country in Moscow, and a new video conferencing series has recently been launched.

The series will also be focused on helping to establishment of the MiRPAL (Migration and Remittances Peer-Assisted Learning) network, a community of practitioners in this area located throughout the region.

The World Bank is working towards better understanding of the linkages between migration and development and is applying this knowledge in its operations and day-to-day policy dialogue. Therefore, the objective is to complement ongoing efforts of the Bank in contributing to Bank’s AAA such as Poverty Assessments, CEM and Economic Reports. Migration team has provided substantial inputs to Moldova Poverty Assessment, Russian Trust Fund on Migration for Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan, Tajikistan CEM (migration policy note), and Russia economic reports that try to bring the importance of migration and link demographic challenges in Russia with migration.

Projects in Focus
GDLN Series on Migration and Remittances
GDLN Series on Migration and Remittances.
TA on action plans
TA to develop country specific migration policy action plans
MiRPAL (Migration and Remittances Peer-Assisted Learning) Network
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Reports & Analysis
  Remittances in the CIS Counties: A Study of Selected Corridors
Remittance flows in the Eastern European and Central Asian countries (ECA region) are large and consistently increasing. The formal infrastructure to channel remittance flows in the ECA region is experiencing rapid developments. However, the formalization of remittance transfers remains complicated and in need of support by policymakers.more > 

Migration and Remittances: Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
The formal infrastructure to channel remittance flows in the ECA region is experiencing rapid developments, primarily driven by (i) the number of remittances and money transfer services providers -banks, specialized money transfer operators (MTOs) and the Postal systems, and (ii) the level of competition.more > 


Pay reform policy note

Tajikistan: Policy note - enhancing the development impact of remittances
Remittances have played an important role as one of the drivers of Tajikistan's robust economic growth during the past several years. The volume of official remittances has significantly increased since 2001 and now represent close to 12 percent of GDP (2004).more > 

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Conferences, Seminars & Workshops

GDLN event: Migration and Remittances Peer Assisted Learning Network (MiRPAL) in Europe and Central Asia

February 26, 2010

Brown Bag Lunch (BBL) and GDLN Event: Migrants and Support Services: Lessons from Three Decades of Work in the Field 
December 8-15 , 2009


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Key partners on country specific action plans include:


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