STATISTICAL OFFICE OF KOSOVO WORLD BANK
ACCELERATING INCLUSIVE GROWTH WILL REDUCE WIDESPREAD POVERTY IN KOSOVO
Prishtina, May 9, 2008– A study conducted jointly by a team in the Statistical Office of Kosovo and the World Bank recommends that achieving economic growth which benefits a large fraction of the population is the most effective strategy to improve living standards in Kosovo. The study relies on expenditure, income, housing, assets and demographic data collected in annual surveys of 2400 households conducted from May 2002 through May 2006.
The report finds that migration and remittances have been effective ways for households to protect themselves from falling into poverty. It notes that one in five Kosovars who report having at least one migrant abroad and receiving remittances, have higher levels of consumption and are less likely to be in poverty.
The study finds that living standards have remained unchanged, mainly because real economic growth in the last 4 years has been slow and labor market conditions have been poor as a result. The study defines poverty as having less than Euro 45 per person (in adult units as defined by the OECD) per month in 2008. The report finds that about 45 percent of the population had consumption levels below this line. About 15 percent of the population is estimated to be extremely poor, defined as individuals who have difficulty meeting their basic nutritional needs. Meanwhile, inequality – though low – shows signs of being on the increase, especially in rural areas.
Poverty is largely a rural problem. Almost two in three of all poor people live in rural areas. Rural poverty has increased slightly, while urban poverty has declined, over time. Poverty levels also vary widely across regions. Geographically, 3 out of every 5 poor people live in only three regions – Mitrovica, Prishtina, and Prizren.
While improving economic growth is a long term strategy, in the short term, the report recommends improving services, especially urban infrastructure, increasing the effectiveness of the social protection programs aimed at assisting the poorest, and maintaining migration flows.
For more information please contact the World Bank Office in Prishtina: Fatmir Besimi, firstname.lastname@example.org and Lundrim Aliu, email@example.com or phone: 038 249 459.
Please find the reports in:
English - Volume I Shqip - Pjesa e I-re Srpski - I deo
English - Volume II Shqip - Pjesa e II-te Srpski - II deo