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 Do Our Children Have A Chance? 

The 2010 Human Opportunity Report for Latin America and the Caribbean 

May 13, 2010 - The Human Opportunity Index measures how personal circumstances (birthplace, wealth, race or gender) impact a child’s probability of accessing the services that are necessary to succeed in life (timely education, running water or connection to electricity).

The HOI was first published in 2008, and applied to Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). This book reports on the status and evolution of human opportunity in the region. It builds on the 2008 publication in several directions. First, it uses newly-available data to expand the set of opportunities and personal circumstances under analysis.

The data is representative of some 200 million children living in 19 countries over the last 15 years. Second, it compares human opportunity in LAC with that of developed countries, among them the US and France, two very different models of social policy.

This allows for illuminating exercises in benchmarking and extrapolation. And third, it looks at human opportunity within countries—across regions, states and cities. This gives us a preliminary glimpse at the geographic dimension of equity, and at the role that different federal structures play.

 
 
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 HOI 2010 Human Opportunity Report - Highlights 
» The Human Opportunity Index (HOI) is an equality of opportunity-sensitive coverage rate.
» The HOI for education includes two indicators: completion of sixth grade on time and school attendance for ages 10-14.
» The HOI for Latin American children has increased in the last decade for all basic opportunities (education, water, electricity and sanitation).

» Chile (95%), Uruguay (92%) and Mexico (90%) have the highest overall HOI in the region.
  
  
 Chapter 1: How Far Are We From Ensuring Opportunities
for All? The Human Opportunity Index

 Universal access to key goods and services such as clean water, basic education, health services, minimum nutrition and citizenship rights is a crucial step towards justice and fairness. 
 

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Download Chapter 1 Annex  » 

  
 Chapter 2: The State of Human Opportunities for Children in the Latin American and Caribbean Region: 1995-2010
 Since the mid-1990s, policy makers in Latin America and the Caribbean have increased spending on basic social services, reflecting the increased priority placed on these services in poverty reduction and development strategies.
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Download Chapter 2 Annex  »
  
 Chapter 3: Human Opportunities in a Global Context:
Benchmarking LAC to Other Regions of the World
 The previous chapter showed that the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region has made progress in improving equality of opportunities for children to access basic goods and services, but that there still is an important challenge to achieve universality.
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Download Chapter 3 Annex  »
  
 Chapter 4: Human Opportunities at the Sub-national Level in Latin America and the Caribbean
 Spatial inequalities—both in terms of outcomes, such as income and poverty, and in access to critical opportunities—have received considerable attention in the literature. 
 

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Download chapter 4 Annex  »

 World Bank releases the Human Opportunity Index
for Latin America 2010 in Madrid, Spain
links 


   
 Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in
Latin America and the Caribbean (2008)

 


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