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The infrastructure sector is often assumed to be gender neutral, with women and men benefiting equally from projects. However, females and males face different roles, responsibilities, and constraints. This results in gender-based differentials in demand for and use of infrastructure facilities and services. The development effectiveness and sustainability of the infrastructure sector could increase significantly by addressing gender differences in demand and utilization. This involves incorporating a gender perspective in selecting and designing infrastructure interventions, assessing safeguards issues, and conducting monitoring and evaluation. The World Bank works with clients in transport, energy, ICTs, water, and urban planning.

Best Practice Examples

Guatemala: Second Main and Rural Roads Project
Mexico: Programmatic Environment Structural Adjustment Loan
Peru: National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Additional Financing
Peru: Second Rural Roads Project
St. Lucia: Water Sector Reform Technical Assistance Project

Other Useful Links

World Bank's Gender in Infrastructure website
World Bank's Transport and Gender website
World Bank's Water website

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