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Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS infection rates and impacts often differ for women and men, with feminization of the disease evident in many countries. HIV/AIDS is primarily a sexually transmitted infection. In most societies, gender norms and gender dynamics influence people's attitudes towards sex, sexuality, risk taking, and fidelity. Gender inequality and cultural perceptions of women, especially regarding sexuality, are important factors facilitating the spread of HIV/AIDS. Other gender-based socio-cultural, legal, and physiological factors create different vulnerabilities and risks for males and females. Women in certain areas of LAC also face high maternal mortality rates and lack access to family planning tools.

Best Practice Examples

Nicaragua: Health Sector Reform Project
Panama: Health Sector Reform Pilot Project
World Bank: Sharing Best Practices for HIV/AIDS
World Bank: Country-to-Country Dialogues for HIV/AIDS

Other Useful Links

World Bank's Health, Nutrition & Population in LAC website
World Bank's Health, Nutrition & Population website
World Bank's HIV/AIDS in Central America website
World Bank Study on Gender and Alcohol Consumption in LAC
PAHO's Gender, Ethnicity and Health website
WHO's Gender website
UN's Gender Equality Report
World Bank's Population & Reproductive Health website

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