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Quality of Public Expenditure - Mexico

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Mexico: Quality of Public Expenditure is a series of notes produced in collaboration between the Mexican Government’s Secretaria de Hacienda y Credito Público and the Public Sector and Governance unit in the World Bank’s Latin American and Caribbean Region.

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» Note No. 1 - June 2008

Institutionalizing performance in the public sector: an emerging framework for performance-informed budgeting

In recent years, budget reforms undertaken by public administrations have emphasized a sharper focus on results, and many countries have introduce performance-informend budgeting techniques. By using information on agency and program performance, performance-informed budgeting links performance information loosely to resource allocation.


» Note No. 2 - June 2008

The role of evaluation in Mexico: achievements, challenges, and opportunities

Traditionally, evaluation of public expenditure has focused on the size and composition of public expenditure, rather than on its quality. However, evalution can enhance the quality of public expenditure by identifying approaches that yield best results and can be replicated or scaled up.


 Note No. 3 - June 2008

Harnessing evaluation to improve upper secondary education
Although Mexico has made great strides in improving the coverage of education at all levels, it still has a major gap in enrollment at the upper secondary level: less than half of the youth population graduates. The education level of adults in Mexico is far behind that of other middle-income countries.


» Note No. 4 - June 2008

The effectiveness of poverty reduction: the state dimension

Since the late 1990s, Mexico has substantially increased the resources it devotes to reducing poverty. Some of this progress was due to a change from providing general inefficient subsidies to effectively targeting social programs such as Oportunidades, whose strong design and robust evaluation has been well documented.

» Note No. 5 - September 2008

Performance-Based Budgeting in the Water Sector: The Case of Guanajuato

Under a new output-based disbursement scheme, the government of the State of Guanajuato is focusing on achieving performance standards in the water sector: funding for the service providers is linked to increases in the number of people connected to safe and reliable water service, increases in efficiency, and improvements in wastewater treatment.

» Note No. 6- November 2008

The Performance Evaluation Framework as a Tool for the Mexican Congress

The introduction of performance information and management systems in the budget process presents both opportunities and challenges for Mexico’s Congress. Using information on the results being achieved by government spending can help to strengthen oversight and accountability.



» Note No. 7- January 2009

Defining and Using Indicators and Targets for Performance-informed Budgeting

This note discusses some of the technical and institutional issues related to setting and using indicators and targets for performance-informed budgeting at the national level. It highlights Mexico's recent achievements and some challenges to institutionalize this practice as part of its broader efforts for evaluating public policies and programs and improving the quality of public spending.


» Note No. 8- March 2009

Improving Budget Performance: Evidence-based Public Nutrition Policies

Substantial progress has been made in recent years in the nutritional status of the Mexican population. However, despite a decline in inequality, chronic malnutrition remains a public policy challenge. This note (i) presents an analysis of the effectiveness and efficiency of the key nutrition programs; (ii) underscores the importance of a solid design and the use of quality evaluations in the programs, which facilitates better resource allocation; and (iii) highlights a number of the priorities for improvements of these programs in the coming years.

» Note No. 9- September 2009

Accounting Harmonization

Public sector financial reporting is necessary to maintain fiscal discipline, take resource allocation decisions, optimize operational efficiency, and increase transparency in the spending of public funds. For financial reporting to be useful for improving the quality and efficiency of public expenditure the information must be understandable, comparable, timely, complete, and reliable. The accounting harmonization reform in Mexico, understood as the modernization and uniformity of standards and methods for recording and presentation of public sector budget and accounting data, is pursuing those attributes. Likewise, a robust financial information system is considered a prerequisite for adopting results-based budgeting. Hence, the reform is expected to produce substantial benefits, but the major challenges and risks that come with implementing it should not be downplayed.

» Note No. 10- September 2009

The state of Querétaro’s experience with implementation of results-based budgeting

The fiscal reforms introduced in recent years in Mexico to improve public management, transparency, and accountability have imposed a number of requirements on the subnational governments. Firm steps have been taken toward implementing results-based budgeting and better management of the state’s public resources.

» Note No. 11- June 2010

Toward a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System in the Ministry for Social Development 

This note summarizes past developments and progress made by the Ministerio de Desarrollo Social (Ministry for Social Development; SEDESOL) in designing an M&E sectoral system to focus social development policy on the achievement of results, and identifies some of the main opportunities for improving its implementation. There were two distinct phases in the development of the SEDESOL’s M&E system. The initial phase—analysis, design, and implementation—covers the period from 1999 to 2006. The second phase—reform and expansion—started in 2007.









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Last updated: 2010-08-25

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