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The Way Forward for Social Safety Nets in the Middle East and North Africa

World Development Report 2013: Jobs

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The current period of transition offers an opportunity for reform of the welfare system, and renewed social safety nets could serve as a vital tool for achieving the Arab Spring's goals of inclusion.
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Executive Summary: English | عربي

Key Questions on Safety Nets in MENA

Why is the time ripe for renewed safety nets? - Photo: Arne Hoel / World Bank

Why is the time ripe for renewed safety nets?

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Who is mostly in need of better safety nets? - Photo: Arne Hoel / World Bank

Who is mostly in need of better safety nets?

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Are existing safety nets protecting the poor? - Photo: Arne Hoel / World Bank

Are existing safety nets protecting the poor?

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What do citizens want from their safety nets? - Photo: Arne Hoel / World Bank

What do citizens want from their safety nets?

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How can safety nets become more effective? - Photo: Arne Hoel / World Bank

How can safety nets become more effective?

Find out (pdf)

Watch: main findings

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Data

2/3

of those in the poorest quintile do not benefit from any social safety net (SSN) program other than universal subsidies.

40%

to 60% of benefits of fuel subsidies are captured by the richest 20% of the population.

23%

of adults never heard of any major SSN program in Egypt. This share is even higher among the poor.

8 in 10

adults in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia say their respective Governments should bear the primary responsibility for helping the poor.





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