January 2009 - Twenty-five years ago, Iraq was widely regarded as the most developed country in the Middle East. People come to Iraq from across the region seeking the best in university education and health care. Iraq ranked toward the top on virtually every indicator of human well-being—infant mortality, school enrollment, family food consumption, wage levels, and rates of employment. The World Bank classified Iraq as an upper-middle-income country.
Since then, Iraq has been the only Middle Eastern country whose living standard has not improved. Years of political repression, wars, embargo, and instability have undermined social well-being and imposed tragic suffering across the entire social spectrum. Iraq’s human development indicators that once ranked at the top have now dropped toward the bottom. In areas such as secondary-school enrollment and child immunization, Iraq now ranks lower than some of the poorest countries in the world.
In order to bring living standards to levels commensurate with Iraq’s potential, it is essential for policy makers and donors to have a thorough understanding of the current pattern of the various aspects of living standards. Of particular importance is understanding the extent of poverty among Iraqi households. Who are the poor and what are the causes of their poverty?
The survey was carried out within the framework of a Bank project financed by the Iraq Trust Fund which had three components:
The first component focused on data collection and tabulation. The tabulation report represents the completion of this component.
The second component aims to analyze the extent and causes of poverty, using the survey data. This work is well-underway. It is guided by the PRS High Committee. It will help formulate a poverty line and is expected to be completed by spring 2009.
The third component will aim at developing a Poverty Reduction Strategy. This strategy will be an essential tool for coordinating the efforts of various ministries to improve the living standards of the poorest and most vulnerable Iraqi children, women and men. The strategy will also help define the priorities of the assistance provided by the World Bank and other donors. It is expected to be completed in summer of 2009.
The report is dedicated to the spirit of the Operations Room manager, Louay Haqqi Rashid, who was brutally assassinated on his way to work.
Iraq Household Socio-Economic Survey - IHSES-2007
|Volume I: Objectives, Methodology, and Highlights (2.7Mb, pdf) |
Volume II: Data Tables (4.9Mb, pdf)
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1. Demographic characteristics (218Kb, pdf)
| ||• ||2. Housing (606Kb, pdf)|
| ||• ||3. Education and culture (395Kb, pdf)|
| ||• ||4. Health (327Kb, pdf)|
| ||• ||5. Labor force (426Kb, pdf)|
| ||• ||6. Household time use (326Kb, pdf)|
| ||• ||7. Food rations (272Kb, pdf)|
| ||• ||8. Household expenditure (948Kb, pdf)|
| ||• ||9. Income (496Kb, pdf)|
| ||• ||10. Loans, assistance, and risk (225Kb, pdf)|
| Volume III: ANNEXES (2.8Mb, pdf) |
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Annex 1. Standard Error (174Kb, pdf)
| ||• ||Annex 2. Statistical Classifications for Questionnaire Coding (161Kb, pdf) |
| ||• ||Annex 3. The Questionnaire (1.5Mb, pdf) |
| ||• ||Annex 4. Field Manual (422Kb, pdf) |
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Annex 5. Supervision Forms (1.1Mb, pdf)