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Tsunami in India - Data Sheet



·         Fatalities: 10,881 people

·         Missing people: 5,792

·         People affected by the disaster: 2.7 million (estimated)

·         Households losing their source of livelihood: 645,000 (nearly 80% in fishing)

·         Houses destroyed or damaged: 150,000

·         Number of villages impacted: 897 villages

·         Coastal area affected: 2,260 km. 


(Source:   Preliminary Damage and Needs Assessment Report for India)


Scale of the recovery and reconstruction process:


Estimated total needs for long-term recovery overall: US$1.2 billion

  • Tamil Nadu: US$868 million 
  • Kerala : US$158 million
  • Pondicherry: US$114 million
  • Andhra Pradesh: US$73 million

Figures pertain to mainland India only

(Source: Preliminary Damage and Needs Assessment Report for India)



World Bank Assistance:


Total Funds:

The World Bank has committed US$528.5 million to help India. This includes:

·        US$465 for reconstruction and recovery efforts in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry

·        US$61 million directed from ongoing Bank projects for Kerala and Andhra Pradesh

·        US$2.5 million grant to Tamil Nadu and pondicherry for fisheries alternative livelihoods



US$465 million Emergency Tsunami Reconstruction Program for Tamil Nadu (US$423 million) and Pondicherry (US$42 million) for housing reconstruction; infrastructure to support livelihood recovery in fisheries sector; and support to agriculture, horticulture and animal husbandry sectors. Repair and retrofitting of damaged public buildings including the health centers and educational institutions and public works will also be provided in Tamil Nadu.


In Andhra Pradesh the assistance (US$40 million) is mainly focused on livelihood recovery and reconstruction of rural and municipal infrastructure and is being provided through ongoing credits. In Kerala (US$10.0 million) it is for rural water supply and is also being provided through an ongoing credit. Assistance (US$11.0 million) is also provided to strengthening coastal roads through ongoing IBRD loan in Tamil Nadu.


Disbursements as of end of October, 2005: US$57.5 million.

(note: figures are provisional and do not include October disbursements from two restructured projects in Andhra Pradesh)


Status of World Bank Assistance:


Total approved credit amount:    US$ 465 million

Date of Effectiveness:    August 2005                         

Closing Date: April 2008

Location: 13 coastal districts of Tamil Nadu and the  Pondicherry and Karaikal regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry




Livelihood Recovery (US$ 36.4 Million):



The program aims to restore - to an upgraded level - the assets of the fisheries sector in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. It does not cover the restoration of private fishing assets like boats and nets.

Infrastructure works worth Rs 1 billion that support fishing livelihoods have been identified. These include the reconstruction of four fishing harbors in Tamil Nadu and one in Pondicherry. Consultants for the design and supervision of these works are being hired and construction is likely to begin mid-2006.


Restoration of Agricultural and Horticultural Lands: 

The tsunami floodwaters destroyed standing crops of paddy, coconut, banana, groundnut, sugarcane in some 9,000 hectares of land in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. The salt water rendered these lands too saline to till.


Bank support has helped the governments treat some 6,551 hectares of the affected land in Tamil Nadu. Farmers were helped to form self-help groups and were then supplied the materials (gypsum, green manure etc) for treating the high salinity. These reclaimed fields have now been sown with salt-tolerant crops.


Housing Reconstruction (US$ 383.8 Million):


More than 55,000 (45,892 in Tamil Nadu and 9,676 ha. in Pondicherry) houses were destroyed by the tsunami. Various non government organizations, (NGOs) are constructing close to 40,000 new houses in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry; the remaining 15,000 houses will be funded from IDA funds.


The Bank will help build some 15,000 new houses (12,339 in Chennai and some 3,000 in Pondicherry) for people who lost their houses in the tsunami.

The civic amenities (water, sanitation, roads, electrification) in these relocated settlements, as well as community infrastructure like community halls, local cyclone shelters etc, will all be funded by the Bank.


Public Infrastructure – Roads And Buildings (US$ 19.5 Million):


The Bank is helping Tamil Nadu use tsunami recovery activities as a way of   improving the   social and environmental infrastructure facilities for the affected communities. Among the public works


The Bank is helping repair/renovate 143 schools and 13 hospitals and primary health centers in Tamil Nadu; these buildings will all be cyclone and quake resistant.


Roads, culverts and small bridges damaged by the tsunami in Tamil Nadu are being repaired from an additional US$ 11 million diverted from the Bank-funded Tamil Nadu Road Sector Project.


About 120 cyclone shelters in Tamil Nadu are being repaired and strengthened with Bank assistance.


The Bank will assist these deltaic districts repair river dykes, drains and levies in these deltaic districts.


Coastal Management:


The Bank is helping fund several studies to help local governments evolve long-term strategies for effective and sustainable coastal management. The studies will cover aspects like (i) vulnerability mapping; (ii) remote sensing, resource assessments, (iii) land capability assessments; and (iv) bathymetry of near shore marine environment of tsunami affected coastal stretches and high-tide level management plans.


The US$ 2.5 million grant from the Bank is being used for extensive policy work in the fisheries sector.


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