· Fatalities: 35,322
· Injured: 21,441
· Widowed, orphaned, affected elderly and disabled: 40,000
· Internally displaced people IDPs): 516,150
· People who lost their source of livelihood: 150,000 (75% of the total fishing fleet)
· Value of lost assets : $ 900 million
· Houses destroyed: 88,544
· Schools destroyed or damaged: 168 public schools, 4 universities, 18 vocational centers
· Schools used as camps for IDPs: 446
· Schoolchildren affected: 200,000
· Health facilities destroyed or damaged: 97
· Tourism Infrastructure damaged: 53 large hotels, 248 small hotels, 210 small enterprises
· Cultivated arable land affected by salinity: 23,449 acres
(Source: TAFREN (Task Force for Rebuilding the Nation), Central Bank, Ministry of Finance)
Scale of the recovery and reconstruction process
Estimated total need for long-term recovery: US$ 2.1 billion
· East: 45%
Transitional shelters completed: 53,221 units (at end of October 2005)
Transitional shelters in progress: 2,138
World Bank Assistance
Total funding of US$150 million has been committed by the World Bank to support programs in Sri Lanka. This funding comes from:
$30 million in an emergency grant
$75 million through portfolio restructuring
$45 million in credit.
Emergency Reconstruction Loan
Status of World Bank activities
TAFREN [Task Force for Rebuilding the Nation]
World Bank Commitment: $3.3 Million
World Bank to Government of Sri Lanka: $1.2 Million (to date)
The World Bank is supporting all personnel and operational costs of TAFREN, which is the institution established to coordinate the entire tsunami program in Sri Lanka.
Housing: Home Owner Driven Program
Jointly financed by the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, the German Development Bank and the Swiss Agency for Development and Corporation.
World Bank Commitment: $40-60 Million
World Bank to Government of Sri Lanka as of Nov. 2005 : $22.8 Million
Under this program, a house is either classified as a partially damaged house (33,208) or a fully damaged house (21,355). Grants provide US$2,500 [LKR 250,000] for a fully damaged house paid in four installments and $ US1000 [LKR 100,000] for a partly damaged house paid in two equal installments, allowing people to rebuild or repair their homes.
Total number of houses completed to date: 325
Donors are also committed to carrying the program to the new areas made possible by the recently revised demarcation of the buffer zone…the area declared a no-go zone for rebuilding by the Government of Sri Lanka. .
Number of disbursements of installments in the owner driven program:
· First Installment: 53,976
· Second Installment: 10,080
· Third Installment: 1151
· Fourth Installment: 386
Total payments made to date: US$ 29 million (approximately)
Estimated total funding: US$58 million
Note: As of end October 2005, 53,221 units of transitional shelters have been completed and 2,138 are in progress.
World Bank Commitment: US$ 34.4 Million
World Bank to Government of Sri Lanka: US$ 34.4 Million
The program gives tsunami affected families four rounds of cash grants of $50 [LKR 5,000] and was effective in providing a safety net to families affected by the tsunami
Status: The first three payments have been completed and the final installment is due to start soon. First payment was made to 250,844, the second to 231,752 and the third to 165,000. The fourth payment is underway and then this program will be phased out.
Noteworthy: The payments were made direct to the beneficiaries’ passbook bank accounts minimizing corruption. A beneficiary assessment survey by the World Bank when the second cash grant payment was near completion measured the accuracy of targeting tsunami-affected families on the ground, and was used to improve the implementation of the scheme.
World Bank Commitment: US$ 33 million [40% of which is in grants, with 60% in credit) World Bank to Government of Sri Lanka: US$ 8 million
The World Bank’s support will rehabilitate the A2 main Southern coastal road from Kalutara to Matara.
Contracts have been awarded through a national bidding process. Work started October 24, 2005.
Noteworthy: This is the first road project to start under the multilateral and bilateral agencies program providing support for the rehabilitation of 1200 km of tsunami damaged roads and. Bridges, at an estimated cost of US$ 350 million. The bridges along the A2 highway from Kalutara to Matara would be rehabilitated by the Japan International Cooperation Agency [JICA].
World Bank Commitments: US8 Million
The Bank support is designed to fill gaps in the government- designed plans for post-tsunami rehabilitation of the health sector. The Bank’s concessional financing arm, the International Development Association, (IDA) provided $500,000 for the design and construction supervision of four health administrative buildings in the Galle, Matara, Ampari districts damaged by the tsunami.
Support Through Existing Projects:
Japan Social Development Fund for Women Empowerment [JSDF]
JSDF provided approximately $US1 million to assist tsunami victims in Hambantota in the south and Jaffna, Vavunia, Trincomalee districts in north and east. The additional funds were provided through the two non government organizations (NGOs) the Womens’ Development Foundation and Sewa Lanka , to assist tsunami orphans; provide seed capital; extend micro credit for income generating activities; to reconstruct damaged banking units in Hambantota, Tangalle and Siribopura; set up three day care centers in the South and, assist an additional village in Jaffna which was affected by the tsunami.
Legal Reforms Project
The project funds were provided to replace some of the computers, office equipment and furniture in court houses in the South damaged by the Tsunami.
The Bank assisted in the immediate aftermath of the tsunami, reimbursing Government expenditure relating to the procurement of drugs. The assistance was worth US$1.2 million.
The Bank provided financial support of about $US 104,000 [LKR Rs.10,520,719] for the relief activities of the Ministry of Urban Development and Water Supply. The funding was used to purchase water pumps to clean shallow wells contaminated with saline water; provide safe drinking water tanks to temporary and transition camps; and sleeping mattresses. These items were distributed in the districts of Matara, Galle, Kalutara, Batticoloa, Trincomalee, Jaffna, Killinochchi, Mulaitivu and Vavunia with the close coordination of government agents from these districts.