IDA and Girls’ Education in South Asia
In the early 1990s, the government of Bangladesh formulated its policy for enhancing girls’ access to secondary education.
The Bangladesh Female Secondary School Assistance Program,
financed by IDA, supported a government program to improve access to secondary education for girls by providing tuition stipends. A key innovation was transfer of stipends directly from banks to individual girls’ bank accounts. It improved the quality of schools through teacher training, provision of performance incentives to schools and students, and water and sanitation facilities. The project covered 119 of Bangladesh’s 480 sub-districts.
The program has proven ground-breaking in addressing girls’ access to education, and is recognized worldwide as a pioneering undertaking. A number of other countries, learning from Bangladesh experience, have implemented similar stipend or conditional cash transfer programs with World Bank support.
- IDA in Afghanistan: Expanding Access to Education