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World Population Day - July 11(South Asia Urban Growth)

South Asia Population — Urban Growth: A Challenge and an Opportunity

South Asia Population photo

South Asia Population: Challenge and Opportunity

Analysis on Population Growth in South Asia

Shanta Devarajan, World Bank Chief Economist for South Asia, explains why good governance could be the answer to the challenges facing the region’s mega-cities.

Shanta Devarajan, Chief Economist for South Asia
Shanta Devarajan, Chief Economist for South Asia
  • - Significance of World Population Day in South Asia (0.41) Real  |  Windows
  • - Why South Asia's urbanization is low compared to East Asia (0.49) Real  |  Windows
  • - The link between urbanization and economic growth (0.52) Real  |  Windows
  • - Should people be discouraged to move to cities? (0.53) Real  |  Windows
  • - South Asian cities' biggest challenges (0.47) Real  |  Windows
  • - How can public services be improved ino megacities? (0.39) Real  |  Windows
  • - Should people pay for water? (0.24) Real  |  Windows
  • - How to ensure poor people can pay for water? (0.44) Real  |  Windows
  • - Protecting the environment in megacities (1.07) Real  |  Windows
  • - Is the South Asian public demanding enironmental protection? (0.30) Real  |  Windows

Example of Population Explosion: Dhaka Mega-City

Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, is the city with the highest population growth in the world. About 28% of the population is poor. Some 3.4 million live in slums. Close to one third don’t have access to sanitation. Watch the challenges facing Dhaka as it population continues to grow.

Challenges of A Mega City in South Asia: Dakha, Bangladesh
Slideshow Photos

With 12 million residents, Dhaka is the 11th largest city in the world

Governance and Population Growth
Junaid Ahmad, World Bank Sector Manager in the South Asia Region, discusses recommendations to improve quality of life in the capital of Bangladesh. He is co-author of the upcoming study “Making Dhaka Livable.”

Junaid Ahmad, World Bank Sector Manager in the South Asia Region

  • - Good governance is the key to solve Dhaka's problems (3:28) Real  |  Windows
  • - Population growth and how it affects development (1:43) Real  |  Windows
  • - Negative aspects of urban population explosition (1:38) Real  |  Windows
  • - World Population Day is a call to action for cities (1:18) Real  |  Windows
  • - What works and what doesn't when running megacities? (3:05) Real  |  Windows
  • - How to determine if a megacity is moving in the right direction (4:24) Real  |  Windows
  • - Megacities can look forward to a brighter future (1:56) Real  |  Windows

Population and Quality of life in Dhaka
Sadiq Ahmed, World Bank Sector Director in the South Asia Region, is the co-author of the upcoming study “Making Dhaka Livable.” He discusses the difficulties of a poor mega-city like Dhaka.

Sadiq Ahmed, World Bank Sector Director in the South Asia Region

  • - Dhaka's growth is different from other megacities (0.54) Real  |  Windows
  • - Dhaka's explosion is negatively affecting quality of life (0.37) Real  |  Windows
  • - How big are Dhaka's slums (0.13) Real  |  Windows
  • - Is Dhaka's further urbanization positive for Bangladesh? (0.44) Real  |  Windows
  • - Why Dhaka attracts more and more people (0.44) Real  |  Windows
  • - Dhaka's problems affect the entire city's population (0.49) Real  |  Windows
  • - Dhaka's main population challenge (1.02) Real  |  Windows
  • - The cost of solving Dhaka's problems (0.34) Real  |  Windows
  • - The cost of doing nothing (1.06) Real  |  Windows

India’s Urban Challenges

Although less than 1/3 of India’s people live in cities and towns, these areas generate over 2/3 of the country’s GDP and account for 90% of government revenues. Yet, Slums now account for 1/4 of all urban housing. Read More

Fast Facts: Urbanization in India
Most Urbanized States: Tamil Nadu 43.9%; Maharashtra 42.4%; Gujarat 37.4%
3 out of world's 21 mega cities, in millions: Mumbai (19); Delhi (15); Kolkata (14)
Large Cities: 23 in 1991; 40 in 2001
Urban Population: 25% of 850 million in 1992; 28% of 1,030 million in 2002.
Estimated Urban Population by 2017: 500 million
Percentage of Urban Poor Residents: About 25%
Slum Population: About 41 million in 2001
Estimated Slum Population by 2017: 69 million

Additional Resources

Reports on Population and Urban Development
  • - Afghanistan: Urban Land Management in Kabul
  • - Bangladesh: Improving living conditions for the urban poor in Dhaka
  • - India Water Supply and Sanitation: Bridging the Gap Between Infrastructure and Service
  • - India: Improving Management of Municipal Solid Waste
  • - India: Welfare Effects of Slum Improvement Programs: the Case of Mumbai
  • - Sri Lanka: Toward an urban transport strategy for Colombo
Data and Statistics
Other Resources on Challenges Facing Urban Populations

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