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Olusoji Adeyi is the Coordinator of Public Health Programs at the World Bank and adjunct Assistant Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He has extensive experience in policies, strategies and programs for health systems and disease control at the global, regional and country levels. He led the Malaria Task Force that produced the World Bank Global Strategy and Booster Program for malaria control, and is Team Leader for the analytical work program on non-communicable diseases. He has served as Regional Focal Point for HIV/AIDS in the Europe and Central Asia Region. He holds a doctorate in health systems from the Johns Hopkins University, a master's in public health from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and a medical degree from the University of Ife (Nigeria).

Imane Akalay is a Senior Investment Officer in the Infrastructure Department (CIN) of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), where she structures investments in the power and water sectors. Prior to joining CIN, Imane Akalay worked for six years at IFC’s Advisory Department, and was involved the reform of state-owned enterprises and the structuring and implementation of privatization transactions in the infrastructure sectors. These included the establishment of public-private partnerships in the irrigation sector in Morocco, the reform and privatization of the national electricity utility in Cameroon, the privatization of the telecommunications operator of Mauritania. She holds a MBA from the George Washington University and a MS in agriculture from ENSAM (France).
Kym Anderson is a Lead Economist in the International Trade unit of the World Bank’s Development Research Group. Before joining the World Bank he held academic appointments at the Australian National University and the University of Adelaide (where he was foundation Executive Director of the Centre for International Economic Studies from 1989 and holds a Personal Chair in the School of Economics).He obtained his first degrees from the universities of New England and Adelaide in Australia, and Masters and PhD degrees from the University of Chicago and Stanford University in the US.
Oscar Avalle heads the Office of the Special Representative of the World Bank to the United Nations.  He was formerly the Bank’s Operations Manger in Lima, and before that Special Assistant to the Bank’s Vice President for the Latin America and The Caribbean Region.  He has also worked at the Global Environment Facility.  Before joining the Bank, he was a career diplomat representing Argentina in negotiations at the United Nations related to sustainable development and humanitarian affairs.
Jayshree Balachander is Senior Human Development Specialist, Human Development Network, East Asia and Pacific Department, World Bank. She joined the Bank in 1992. Since 2001, she is the Health Sector Country Coordinator for Laos and Mongolia and task team leader for the Bandesh National Nutrition Project and HIV/AIDS Prevention Project. From 1997 to 200, she was the Country HD Sector Coordinator in Philippines. Jayshree is a specialist in country health policy dialog, program development, the design, implementation and evaluation of health and nutrition projects - strengthening health systems and interventions for child and maternal health and nutrition and infectious diseases control (TB, Malaria, HIV/AIDS) with experience in 12 Asian and African countries.
Scott Barrett, Director, International Policy Program, Professor of Environmental Economics & International Political Economy, Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies. Most of his research focuses on the interaction between natural and social systems, particularly at the international and global levels; the design of international institutions and international environmental issues—especially negotiating international environmental agreements (Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making, Oxford University Press, 2003). He received the Erik Kempe Prize for his research in this area. In adition to his academic work, Professor Barrett has advised a number of international organizations, including the United Nations, the World Bank, the OECD, and the European Commission. He is currently an adviser to the International Task Force on Global Public Goods.
Isa Baud is the chair of the International Development Studies Program at the University of Amsterdam. She is adjunct-director of the research institute AMIDSt and board member of the national research school CERES and one of three vice-presidents of the European Association of Development Institutes (EADI). She is also currently member of the international Advisory Board of the Institut Universitaire d'Etudes du Développement (Graduate Institute of Development Studies) in Geneva, and member of the EUDN, the European hub of the Global Development Network. Her research interests include: urban environmental management, small-scale enterprise development, informal employment, and gender relations in economics.

Dr. Vinay Bhargava, former World Bank Director, is a freelance writer, professor, and World Bank consultant. Dr. Bhargava is also an Adviser to the Partnership for Transparency Fund(NGO) and a member of the Professional Advisory Council for the Gerald H. Read Center for International and Intercultural Education at Kent State University. He has over 25 years experience in the areas of: governance and anti-corruption; global development; International Financial Institutions and design and evaluation of donor projects and strategies. In 2007, he served as a Senior Advisor for Public Sector Governance and External Affairs at the World Bank. From 2002- 2006 he was Director, International Affairs and Operations, at the World Bank. In 2002 he tracked events in Myanmar, North Korea and South Korea. From 1995-2001 he was the World Bank’s Country Director and resident representative in the Philippines. He has taught courses and lectured at numerous universities worldwide, and designed and directed a seminar series on global issues. He is author of “Challenging Corruption in Asia”, “Global Issues for Global Citizens” books and a contributory author in the book “The Many Faces of Corruption”- all published by the World Bank. For more information please visit or send an email

Leila Bijos is a professor at the Master Program in Law at Universidade Catolica de Brasilia, and is a Special Advisor for International Programs. She also teaches Post-Graduate and Graduate Courses of International Relations. She is a former Visiting Scholar at the Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies (CILAS) and at the Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD. Within the context of women and development, she analyzed the economic transformation of the socially excluded women and two regional microcredit programs in Brazil and Bolivia. She has a PhD in Sociology, Universidade de Brasilia (Brazil).
Mark Blackden, Regional Gender Coordinator/Lead Specialist for Africa under the Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network (1996-present). More than 25 years wide-ranging World Bank operational experience in Anglo-phone and Francophone Africa, focusing on public sector management, project development & supervision, poverty analysis, building donor and other partnerships, gender, participation, and design/delivery of learning activities. Mark has worked extensively on initiatives to integrating gender into Poverty-Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). He is the Co-Editor of World Bank publication “Gender, Time Use, and Poverty in SSA” and also co-Author of publication: “Gender and Economic Growth in Uganda – Unleashing the Power of Women,” in 2006. Mark has received his Master’s degree in International Relations from Georgetown Univ., Wash., D.C.
Hans-Martin Boehmer has worked in international finance and development over the past twenty years holding positions in private sector, government, and international organizations. Before returning to the World Bank as Head of Corporate Strategy and Integrated Risk Management, he led the Human Development work at the UK Department for International Development.  He led preparations for the UK’s 2005 twin presidencies of the G8 and the EU the areas of AIDS, Education and Health.  He was also responsible for the UK’s engagement with global partnerships and innovative financing initiatives in health and education (Global Fund, GAVI, etc.).  Hans-Martin also led the secretariat for the Education for All Fast-Track Initiative and managed the operations of the World Bank’s Human Development Network. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Georgetown University and an undergraduate degree in Economics from the University of Bonn.
Carlos Alberto Primo Braga, a Brazilian national, is currently Senior Adviser, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Vice-Presidency, and Head, International Policy and Partnerships Group, The World Bank. Before assuming this position in 2006, he was The World Bank's Senior Adviser for International Trade, Based in Geneva, he was responsible for covering international trade issues of relevance to developing countries vis-à-vis European-based institutions, including the OECD, the European Commission, UNCTAD and the WTO. He has held teaching and research positions at the University of Sao Paolo, Fundacao Instituto de Pesquisas Economicas in Sao Paolo, and at the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns Hopkins University, Washington, D.C. He holds a master's degree in Economics from the University of São Paulo, Brazil, and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Barbara Bruns is the Lead Economist at Health, Nutrition and Population Unit at the World Bank with extensive experience in Latin America and Africa.

Punam Chuhan is Lead Economist in the Development Economics Vice-Presidency (DECVP) and is a member of the core team that produced the 2006 Global Monitoring Report. She represents the Bank in the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics and has worked closely with the BIS, ECB, IMF, and OECD to establish new international standards on the measurement, reporting of debt and other financial obligations. She has previously worked at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

Stijn Claessens, a Dutch national, holds a Ph.D. in business economics from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (1986) and M.A. from Erasmus University, Rotterdam (1984). He is also Professor of International Finance at the University of Amsterdam where he taught for three years (2001-2004). His policy and research interests are firm finance and access to financial services; corporate governance; internationalization of financial services; and risk management.
Kevin Cleaver, a US national, assumed his current position as the World Bank’s Director for Agriculture and Rural Development in March 2002. He has responsibility for managing the World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development Program globally. In this regard, he was personally involved in the preparation of the World Bank corporate strategies for Agriculture and Rural Development (2002); Forests (2003), and Water Resources (2003). He represents the Bank in fora dealing with rural development issues and on the Executive Committee of the CGIAR. Previously he was the Director for Environment, Rural Development and Social Development in the Europe and Central Asia Region of the World Bank and also held managerial positions in the Africa Region of the World Bank. He earned his Ph.D. in Economics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and joined the Bank as a Young Professional in 1975. He worked for the government of Zaire before joining the World Bank.
Charles Cormier has been a member of the core team of experts at the World Bank Carbon Finance Business since 2001, and was appointed Team Leader of Stakeholder Relations and Capacity Building in 2004. As part of his functions, Mr. Cormier manages the Bank’s Carbon Finance Assist Program, which is a capacity building and technical assistance program whose mission is to enable developing countries and economies in transition to fully access the carbon market. Mr. Cormier’s mandate also calls on him to build and maintain excellent relations with key stakeholders through full awareness and support for the Bank’s vision, strategy and role in carbon market development.
Patrick Cirillo, a national of Italy and Canada, is currently Deputy Chief of Operations in the secretariat of the International Monetary Fund. He is also the Secretary to the Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development (G24), which brings together the major developing countries. Previously, he was Deputy Chief of Public Affairs in the IMF’s External Relations Department. He started his IMF career as a Board Operations Officer in the secretariat.
Christina Daseking is a Deputy Division Chief in the IMF's Policy Development and Review Department. She has spent about half of her eleven years at the Fund working with colleagues from the Fund and the Bank on debt issues in low-income countries, including the implementation of the HIPC Initiative and, most recently, the development of the low-income debt sustainability framework. She holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Goettingen, Germany.

Gerhard Dieterle is currently the Forests Advisor, leading the Forestry Team at the World Bank. He has had twenty-four years of experience in national and international forest and environmental policies, development policies, consultative processes, projects on sustainable forest management and forest conservation. He holds a PhD in in technical and economic analyses of alternative timber harvesting, processing and marketing systems. His previous positions included working with the German forest administration, the European Union, undertaking overseas assignments in Togo and Indonesia, working in the cabinet of the German minister for agriculture/forestry, and undertaking a diplomatic posting as German Alternate Permanent Representative to FAO, WFP and IFAD. He has also carried out research at the Faculty of Forestry, Freiburg University (Germany) and was previously the lead forestry specialist in the Europe and Central Asia Region of the World Bank. His areas of specialization include institutional reforms, forest policy and environmental policy, policy dialogue, innovative financing, forestry projects (field and administration), and sustainable forest management, marketing and trading of wood and non-wood products including certification.

Oghogho A. Edomwonyi is a Junior Professional Associate with the Fragile States Unit at the World Bank. Ms. Edomwonyi has worked in Africa on institution-building for post-conflict reconstruction in a variety of organizations in Rwanda, South Africa and most recently with The Economic Community for West African States( ECOWAS) based in Abuja, Nigeria. Miss Edomwonyi has strong interests in Research, Policy, and Academia, and recently held the position of Adjunct Professor in the International Studies Department at City College, City University of New York, USA. Ms. Edomwonyi holds an M.A. in International Law and Diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University in Boston Massachusetts, and a  B.A. in International Relations from the City University of New York.

Warren Evans is Sector Director of the World Bank Environment Department was the former Director for the Environment and Social Safeguards Division of the Asian Development Bank.

Daryl Fields joined the World Bank in 2004 as a Senior Water Resources Specialist.  She is part of the headquarter functions for water.  She has a particular focus on hydro and multi-purpose water projects, encompassing policy issues, analytical work and knowledge sharing in addition to project work in India and Africa.  Before joining the World Bank in 2004, Daryl was Manager of Operations Planning at BC Hydro, Canada.  Over the 12 years at BC Hydro she held management positions in Sustainability, Aboriginal Affairs, Strategic Planning, Environment and the Office of the President. 
Habiba Gitay an Australian national is a Sr. Environmental Specialist at the World Bank. She was recently appointed to develop and implement a capacity enhancement program on climate change adaptation in the World Bank Institute (WBI), a training arm of the World Bank. Prior to taking up the position at WBI, she was a consultant for about five years trying to persuade people and organizations to take action on climate change and sustainable development and engage the younger generation to be the informed decision makers. From 1993-2004, she was a Coordinating Lead Author on five reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). These reports dealt with climate change impacts and adaptation. At that time she was also a researcher/academic at the Australian National University. Habiba is an ecologist and enjoys working with different people to move the climate change agenda to action. .
Ian Goldin was Vice President of the External Affairs Department of the World Bank between May 2003 and August 2006. In this position, he was responsible for managing the World Bank's global communications programs and contact with key constituencies - government officials, parliamentarians, NGOs, businesses and academics - and for overseeing relations with the United Nations and the global affairs agenda. Previously, Ian was the Director of Development Policy at the World Bank. Prior to rejoining the Bank in 2001, Mr. Goldin worked extensively in Africa, Asia and Latin America, and held senior management level positions in both the private and public sectors. Mr. Goldin has published numerous books and articles, in particular on economic policy, development and trade.
David Grey is the World Bank’s Senior Water Advisor and the co-chair of the Bank’s Water Resources Management Group.  He is also the Senior Water Advisor for the Africa Region, with oversight responsibility for the Bank’s activities in water resources across the region, including in about 25 countries and 5 international river basins.  In addition he leads the multi-donor Nile Team that supports the 10 riparian states of the River Nile in their Nile Basin Initiative.  He is currently transitioning to be the joint Senior Water Advisor for both the Africa and the South Asia regions, as the water resources agenda is of great importance in both regions.  He joined the World Bank in 1983, since when he has worked on water issues in many countries in Africa, East and South Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and Europe, including intensive work on water resources policy and institutions, international waters cooperation and water supply
Phillip Hay is Communications Adviser for the Human Development Network, helping to raise the profile of human development issues such as health, nutrition and population, HIV/AIDS or education, within the global and national media, to advocate for better development results in developing countries. Before joining the Bank, he was a BBC special correspondent, and a writer and commentator on international affairs.
Daniel Kaufmann currently heads groups on Global Governance and Knowledge for Development, and previously held positions at the World Bank which include managing a team on Finance, Regulation and Governance, heading capacity building for Latin America, and also serving as Lead Economist both in economies in transition as well as in the Bank's research department. Daniel Kaufmann, along with his staff and colleagues, has pioneered survey methodologies and capacity building approaches for good governance and anti-corruption programs around the world. In the early nineties, he was the first Chief of Mission of the World Bank to Ukraine, and then he was a Visiting Scholar at Harvard University prior to resuming his carreer at the World Bank. He is also a member of the World Economic Forum (Davos) Faculty. His research on economic development, governance, the unofficial economy, macro-economics, investment, corruption, privatization, and urban and labor economics has been published in leading journals.

Kaz Kuroda is Senior Social Development Specialist in the Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Unit of the Social Development Department at the World Bank. He has worked on demobilization and post conflict needs assessment for Bank country teams in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Iraq and Liberia. He was responsible for knowledge management including conducting conflict/development training workshops for Bank staff. Previously, he worked at the United Nations responsible for the coordination of international humanitarian assistance to countries affected by conflict and natural disasters, including in the Caucasus, North Korea, the Persian Gulf crisis and Rwanda.

Rama Lakshminarayanan is a Senior Public Health Specialist and the Team Leader of the Quality Enhancement Group of the Health, Nutrition and Population Department of the World Bank. She is responsible for undertaking quality enhancement reviews of health sector operations within the Bank, monitoring the health, nutrition and population portfolio and writing the Sector Strategy Implementation Update for the Health Sector. She has extensive operational experience of health sector projects in South East and South Asia regions of the Bank. Her specializations are reproductive and child health. She is a medical doctor as well as holds an MBA degree from Tulane University.
Subir Lall is Deputy Division Chief of the World Economic Studies division, which produces the IMF's biannual World Economic Outlook. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Brown University. His research interests include speculation, capital flows and financial crises, and financial market microstructure. His recent work has also focused on how to build better institutions for economic growth.
Daniel Lederman is Senior Economist in the World Bank's Office of the Chief Economist of the Latin America and Caribbean region. An economist and political scientist by training, Mr. Lederman has written extensively on issues related to financial crises in emerging markets, violent crime, the political economy of economic reforms, institutional reforms, economic growth, and international trade. Before joining the Bank, Mr. Lederman was an economist with the United Nations' Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). Mr. Lederman received a B.A. degree from Yale University (1989), in economics and political science, and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in international economics and politics from the Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).
Xavier Leus is a national of Belgium. As of 1 January 2004, Dr Leus was requested to assume the position of WHO Representative to UNESCAP (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), moving on  in August 2004 to become the WHO Representative and Director of the WHO Office at the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Since July 2003, he has been involved in a wide variety of strategic initiatives of the Director-General.  During this period, he also set up a senior management induction programme for WHO, focusing on management development and leadership for senior international health officials. He earned his Doctorate in Medicine and Master's Degree in Public Health from the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.
Kathy Mackinnon is currently the Lead Biodiversity Specialist in the Environment Department of the World Bank, working on Biodiversity, Protected Areas and Forestry portfolios, policies, programs and projects, including technical review of Bank biodiversity projects funded through the Global Environment Facility (GEF). A graduate from Oxford (B.A. Zoology, M.A., D.Phil.), she has had extensive field experience, especially in Asia and Indonesia, on tropical ecology research, conservation and protected area planning and management. She has worked extensively with international conservation NGOs, especially IUCN and WWF Indonesia Program, and government agencies in developing countries. She has published widely, having authored nine scientific and popular books and more than 80 published papers in scientific books and journals, as well as several conservation texts. She is a member of IUCN Species Survival Commission and World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) and also serves as co-chair of the WCPA Task Force on Science, Research and Management of Protected Areas.
Isabel Madzorera is a JPA in the Fragile States unit of the World Bank. Ms. Madzorera has experience in public nutrition having worked for international and local NGOs in Zimbabwe as well as the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare. In the last few years, she has been active in the emergency nutrition field through the design of nutrition interventions, supplementary feeding programs, and other relief programs in emergencies. Ms. Madzorera has an MSc in Food Policy and Nutrition from Tufts University, an accreditation in the Humanitarian Studies Initiative,a joint program by the Harvard, Tufts and MIT universities in Boston, Massachusetts and a BSc in Nutrition from the University of Zimbabwe.
Christopher Marcoux (Ph.D. University of Massachusetts Amherst) is Visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science at Virginia Tech. His research interests are in the negotiation and design of multilateral environmental treaties, as well as the politics of scientific knowledge in global environmental governance.
Will Martin is a Lead Economist in the World Bank's Trade Research Team. He has published extensively on trade policy and developing countries, with a particular focus on the World Trade Organization and economic development; global trade reform in textiles and clothing; and agricultural trade reform. He has a particular interest in using detailed data to build up a complete picture of the effects of trade barriers on trade and welfare. He teaches frequently in World Bank training courses, and is manager of a number of large Bank research projects. Before joining the World Bank, he worked as a researcher and manager at the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, and as a Senior Research Fellow at the Australian National University. He obtained his first degrees from the University of Queensland and the Australian National University, and Masters and PhD degrees from Iowa State University.
Maureen Mclaughlin, A U.S. national, joined the World Bank in 2002 as Education Sector Manager in the Europe and Central Asia Region. Her responsibilities broadly include providing technical leadership and strategic vision on education in the region and ensuring high-quality education and non-education lending activities. Ms. McLaughlin brought to the Bank significant education policy and management experience from the U.S. Department of Education. Ms. McLaughlin holds a Master of Public Policy from University of Pennsylvania.

Valentina Mazzucato is senior researcher at the Department of Geography and Planning at the University of Amsterdam. She has worked on issues related to development and migration since 2000. Between 2001 and 2006 she headed a Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)-funded, interdisciplinary research program on Transnational Networks and the Creation of Local Economies: Economic Principles and Institutions of Ghanaian Migrants at Home and Abroad ( Before her academic career, she worked at the International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR) for which she conducted research in Niger, Mali, Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso on the effects of national research programs on the livelihoods of West African farmers. She holds a Ph.D. from Wageningen University (NL).

Mansoob Murshed is Professor of Economics of Conflict and Peace at the Institute of Social Studies (ISS) & Professor of International Economics at Birmingham Business School, University of Birmingham in England. He also is an honorary Professor of Development Economics at Utrecht University (Utrecht School of Economics), also in the Netherlands, as well as being an honorary fellow at the Peace Research Institute in Oslo, Norway (PRIO). In 2003 he was the first holder of the Prince Claus rotating Chair in Development and Equity. This chair was set up in memory of the late Prince Claus, lately Prince Consort of the Netherlands, who had a keen interest in international development and justice. He teaches courses on growth, international inequality, international trade, transactions cost politics and the analysis of conflict and civil war. His research interests are in the areas of conflict, development economics and globalization.
Boris Najman is Associate Professor at the Universities of Paris XII, Researcher at Roses (joint research unit, University of Paris I – French National Centre for Scientific Research, CNRS) since February 2002. Boris holds a PhD on "Labour Mobility and Informal Economy in Russia and Ukraine from Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales-DELTA. Prior to this, Boris also held several positions of Researcher, Lecturer and Associate Professor in Parisian Universities and abroad (Serbia, Ukraine, Romania). His research fields include: labor market survey, household income and budget expenditures survey, poverty, informal economy studies, labor mobility and Eastern Europe.
John Nash joined the World Bank in 1986, working in Latin America and Caribbean agricultural operations (1986-88); the International Trade Research Group in Development Economics vice-presidency (1988-1996); and Europe and Central Asia agricultural operations (1996-2001). Since January 2002, he has been Advisor for Commodities and Trade in the Agriculture and Rural Development Department of the Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development vice-presidency. John was previously with the US Federal Trade Commission (1983-88), and assistant professor of economics at Texas A&M University (1980-83). John holds an MSc and PhD in economics, from the University of Chicago. He has published on topics such as WTO negotiations and the implications for developing countries; trade policy in Latin America, Africa, South Asia, and transition economies; agricultural policy adjustment; agricultural price policy; commodity price stabilization; and capital mobility.

Tawhid Nawaz is Operations Adviser in the Human Development Network of the World Bank. He is responsible for coordinating the activities of the various departments of the Human Development Network with the regions and other key units within the institution. In the past, Tawhid was Team Leader of the quality enhancement function of the central Health, Nutrition and Population Department and also Team Leader of the India Health, Nutrition and Population program - the largest health program at the Bank. In this function, he was in charge of the development of World Bank supported health systems operations at the state level in India. Mr. Nawaz holds a Ph.D in Economics from Georgetown University and a Master's degree from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (Washington, D.C.).

Ian Noble is the leader of the Climate Change Team at the World Bank and is mainly responsible for the Bank’s activities in adaptation to climate change.  He also works with the Carbon Finance Unit on the BioCarbon Fund.  Before coming to the Bank in 2002 he was Professor of Global Change Research at the Australian National University.  He has been active in the IPCC process, which prepares scientific assessments relevant to climate policy, and in international cooperative research on climate change as part of the IGBP (International Geosphere Biosphere Program).  In Australia he participated in the public and policy debate over responses to climate change and served as a Commissioner in an inquiry into the future of the Australian forests and forest industries.  Ian Noble is an ecologist by training and has over 100 publications on topics including animal behaviour, vegetation dynamics, ecosystem modeling, expert systems and the science-policy interface.  In 1999 he was elected as Fellow of the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering.
Keiichi Ogawa is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies at Kobe University in Japan.  His research topics include economics of education, education finance, and education policy and planning.  He is particularly interested in issues related to public policies in the education sector linked with macroeconomics, public finance and labor market in African and Asian countries. Prior to joining the faculty of Kobe University, Dr. Ogawa served as an Education Economist at the World Bank (1998-2003) where he got involved in policy-oriented research and education projects in Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Turkey, Zambia, and Yemen. Beside teaching and conducting research at Kobe University, (since 2004), Dr. Ogawa has served as an advisor to the Japan International Cooperation Agency and Japan Bank for International Cooperation, as well as a consultant to Inter-American Development Bank, UNESCO and the World Bank. He also provides intensive courses at several universities including Columbia University’s Teachers College (Graduate School of Education) and Tokyo University’s Graduate School of Frontier Sciences. Dr. Ogawa holds a Ph.D. in Comparative International Education/ Economics of Education from Columbia University in the City of New York, USA.
Kelechi Ohiri, a Nigerian national, joined the World Bank in 2004, through the Young Professionals Program. He has been actively involved in policy dialogue, project design, implementation and evaluation in the East Asia and Pacific, South Asia, Middle East and North Africa Regions of the World Bank. His work focuses on Health Systems Development and Public Health and in the design and implementation of priority disease programs such as HIV/AIDS and Avian Influenza. He is currently involved in the implementation of the new health strategy in areas that address health systems constraints by integrating priority disease programs into a broader health systems framework.

Prior to joining the Bank, Dr Ohiri was a Health Management Fellow at Harvard University where he was responsible for various quality improvement initiatives and designing of disease management protocols. Dr. Ohiri has also worked as a primary care physician as well as with the World Health Organization office in Nigeria.

Dr Ohiri has an MD degree from the University of Lagos. He also holds a Master of Public Health degree in International Health, as well as a Master of Science degree in Health Policy and Management, both from Harvard University. In addition, he received a certificate in Humanitarian Studies from the Joint Harvard/MIT/Tufts program on humanitarian studies.

Irena Omelaniuk is currently working in the Development Prospects Group, the World Bank, as Migration Adviser, on secondment from the International Organization for Migration (IOM).  She holds a PhD in German Studies from the University of Queensland, Australia, where she worked as a tutor for seven years (1976-1983).  After joining the Australian Immigration Department in 1983 (currently Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs - DIMIA), she held several positions in refugee and immigration policy.  She has had several diplomatic postings, including as First Secretary and Regional Director for Immigration in Mexico City (1987-1990), where she was responsible for Australia’s humanitarian resettlement program from Central America. Irena joined IOM in 1994, where she held several positions and provided capacity building support to governments in Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia, South Africa and the Americas on migration policy issues.  She also coordinated IOM’s migration project planning globally in the areas of assisted voluntary return migration, counter trafficking, labour migration, information campaigns and technical cooperation.  In 2004, she was Editor in Chief of IOM’s flagship publication World Migration 2005.

Georgeta Pourchot is a former member of the Romanian Parliament, a Senior Associate with the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington DC (CSIS) and Director of the on-line program for Northern Virginia with the Department of Political Science at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.  She is an expert in democratic studies, security, foreign policy, Euro-Atlantic relations, and IR theory. Ms. Pourchot holds a Ph.D. in international studies from Old Dominion University (VA), and an MA in political science from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.  She has published articles in professional publications, contributed book chapters and is a permanent political analyst for several media outlets in Central and Eastern Europe.

Sanjay Pradhan is Director of the Public Sector Group and first was a Principal Author of the World Development Report 1997, The State in a Changing World.

Bob Prouty is the Acting Manager of the Fast Track Initiative, a partnership of donors, civil society groups and countries whose purpose is to accelerate progress toward the 2015 Millennium Development Goal by which all children worldwide will be able to complete a primary school program of good quality. He is a lead education specialist at the World Bank who specializes in classroom issues and learning outcomes. He holds a doctorate in educational adminstration from Michigan State University and has taught at the primary, secondary, and university levels. Bob lived for 10 years in rural areas of D.R. Congo (formerly Zaire) and Rwanda and speaks three African languages. Much of his career at the World Bank has been focused on education issues in francophone west Africa.

Zia Qureshi is currently Senior Advisor in the World Bank’s Office of Senior Vice President for Development Economics and Chief Economist. In a career spanning 26 years at the World Bank and IMF, he has held leadership positions on both global economic issues and in operational work at the country level. On global issues, he has led three Bank flagship reports, including two Global Monitoring Reports and one Global Economic Prospects Report, and has also served as Executive Secretary of the Joint Bank-Fund Development Committee. In operational work, he has headed the Economic Policy Department in the Bank’s Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network and led economic teams on major countries in different regions, including Indonesia and Korea in the East Asia Region and Mexico in the Latin American Region.

Dilip Ratha is a Senior Economist and Manager, Migration and Remittances Team, Development Prospects Group at the World Bank. An expert on remittances and migration, he is the author of the groundbreaking article “Workers’ Remittances: An Important and Stable Source of External Development Finance” in Global Development Finance 2003, and a lead author of the World Bank flagship Global Economic Prospects 2006: Economic Implications of Remittances and Migration. He has written extensively on international finance topics including shadow-ratings for unrated countries, future-flow securitization as a tool for development financing, and the rise of South-South foreign direct investment. Prior to joining the World Bank, he worked as a regional economist for Asian emerging markets at Credit Agricole Indosuez, and as an Assistant Professor at Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. He has a Ph.D. in economics from Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi.

Konrad von Ritter has been working at the World Bank since 1989 on sustainable development issues. Since March 2005, he has been manager of the Sustainable Development Unit at the World Bank Institute (WBI), the capacity development and training arm of the World Bank Group. The Sustainable Development Unit focuses on climate change, water resource management, and local government.

His prior responsibilities at the World Bank included a number of projects in Eastern Europe/Central Asia and East Asia. He managed the Bank's Caspian Environment Program, a GEF funded international waters project, wrote a study to assess Russia's capacity to undertake environmental impact assessments and co-authored a publication on economic valuation of ecosystems. He supported the Philippines in introducing pollution charges, worked on urban water and waste water projects in China, and started up programs to phase out Ozone Depleting Substances in the Philippines, Thailand, and Malaysia. In addition, Konrad spent two years on a staff exchange with The Nature Conservancy, an environmental NGO.

Prior to joining the Bank he lived in Central America for four years and worked with the International Labour Organization on micro-enterprise development in low income urban areas of Panama, Guatemala, and Costa Rica.

Konrad has Masters in Economics and in Political Science from the Freie University, Berlin, Germany.
Jean-Francois Rischard was the World Bank's Vice President for Europe between 1998 and 2005, and represented the Bank in its high-level relationships and partnerships in Europe.

Neil Roger is the Director of the Investment Climate Department and General Manager of the Foreign Investment Advisory Service in the joint World Bank/International Finance Corporation Vice Presidency of the Private Sector Development. The new VPU is concerned with the micro-foundations of private sector growth and poverty alleviation, especially investment climate analysis and reform. The particular focus is on public policy for private sector development and supporting capacity building. Mr. Roger is an Australian national who has been in the Bank Group for more than twenty years and has held various positions in the Industry and Energy Department, the Economics and Research Staff, the Latin American and the Caribbean Region, and the Private Sector Development Department. Prior to joing the Bank Group, Mr. Roger worked for the Federal Government in Australia. He is an economist focusing on micro-economic policy analysis and advice, specializing in the fields of trade and competition policy, privatization and private sector development, and industrial organization and regulation.

Claudia Sadoff holds a PhD in Economics from the University of California at Berkeley, and a Masters in International Political Economy from Columbia University.  Her areas of expertise include natural resource economics with particular emphasis on water resources, international rivers, environmental economics, and macroeconomics.  Dr. Sadoff has worked with the World Bank for over ten years, contributing to Bank operations in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, and Southeast Asia. Currently she serves as the  Water Resources Anchor Team Leader, and a core member of the World Bank’s Nile Team. Prior to joining the Bank, Dr. Sadoff was an economist with the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia, a visiting Fulbright Scholar with the Thailand Research Development Institute in Bangkok, and a Research Analyst with the International Food Policy Research Institute.
Isaac Safari is a lecturer at the Institute of Finance in Tanzania. His areas of study include development studies, development economics, and research methodologies. He co-published a micro-economics reading manual with Adam Mwandenga, and is in the process of having a macro-economics reading manual published. He holds a PhD in economics.
Jamal Saghir is Director of Energy and Water in the Infrastructure Vice-Presidency (INFVP) and Chair of the Energy and Mining Sector Board and Water and Sanitation Sector Board at the World Bank. Mr. Saghir joined the World Bank in 1990 as a Financial Officer in the Private Sector Financial Operations Group of the Co-financing and Financial Advisory Services.  He worked on a variety of private sector development, privatization and restructuring assignments in projects and sector work in Africa, Latin America and the Middle East and North Africa. Since then, he held the position of Senior Private Sector Development Specialist in the Industry and Energy Operations Division (Middle East Country Department); Principal Private Sector Development Specialist (Private Sector Development and Infrastructure Division); Sector Leader (Urban Water and Sanitation) and Sector Manager (Infrastructure Development Group, MENA). Prior to joining the World Bank, Mr. Saghir served as advisor to the Prime Ministry in Tunisia (1988-1990) advising Tunisia on  privatization and restructuring of  state-owned enterprises and economic adviser to the Associate Minister of Finance and Privatization in the Government of Quebec in Canada (1985-1988).
Jamil Salmi, a Moroccan education economist, is the coordinator of the World Bank’s network of tertiary education professionals. Mr. Salmi is the principal author of the Bank’s new Tertiary Education Strategy. In the past thirteen years, he has provided policy and technical advice on tertiary education reform to the governments of over 35 countries around the world.  Mr. Salmi has also guided the strategic planning efforts of several public and private universities in Colombia, Kenya, Mexico and Peru. Mr. Salmi also worked for a number of years in the Bank's Latin America and Caribbean region, in the Education and Social Policy Department (1990-1993) and also prepared the World Bank’s first Policy Paper on Higher Education (1994). Prior to joining the World Bank, Mr. Salmi was a professor of education economics at the National Institute of Education Planning in Rabat, Morocco. He also worked as a consultant to various ministries, national professional associations, and international organizations. Mr. Salmi holds a Ph. D. in Development Studies from the University of Sussex (UK).
Vilma Seeberg is Associate Professor for International/Intercultural Education at Kent State University. She has published on various aspects of Chinese education, including The rhetoric and reality of mass education in Mao's China (2000), the second of two books on basic education in China. Her most recent manuscript “Tibetan girls’ education: Challenging prevailing theory” will be published in a forthcoming book titled China's educational inequality: Schooling in a market economy. She has worked and traveled extensively in China. Her work draws from the fields of comparative education, development education, China studies, sociology, anthropology, and political science. She serves on boards of the Comparative and International Education Society and the American Association of University Women.
Meera Shekar is a Senior Nutrition Specialist with the Human Development Network in the Bank. She is leading the respositioning of the nutrition agenda within the World Bank. She holds a PhD in International Nutrition, Epidemiology and Population studies from Cornell University, Ithaca, NY and a Masters and a Bachelors degree in nutrition from Delhi University in India. She has lived and worked across the globe and has extensive programming experience in nutrition and public health in diverse countries ranging from India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Vietnam and the Philippines. Prior to joining the World Bank she led UNICEF's Health, Nutrition and Water and Sanitation teams in Tanzania and the Philippines. In Ethiopia, she led UNICEF's nutrition team. Among others, she has consulted extensively with the Johns Hopkins University Population Communications Services (JHU/PCS) in India.

Yannis Stivachtis is Assistant Professor of International Relations and Director of the International Studies Program at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. His area of expertise includes security studies, conflict analysis; and international organizations/global governance. He is also Member of the Academic Committee and Head of the Politics and International Affairs Research Unit of the Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER). He currently holds a Visiting Professorship at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and serves as Scientific Expert for the European Commission. Previously, he served as Research Fellow at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) and Senior Researcher and Political Consultant at ARIS Research and Consulting Office for Security Studies working closely with the Austrian Federal Ministries of Defense; Foreign Affairs; and Science, Education & Culture. He has also taught at various diplomatic and military academies and has served as Academic Dean and International Relations Program Director at the University IFM in Geneva. He is the author of a number of articles and books on international security and defense, international order and the European enlargement.

Mercy Tembon joined the World Bank in 2000 as a Senior Education Specialist at the World Bank. In this position she was extensively involved in managing World Bank funded Education Programs in developing countries, particularly in West and Central Africa. In 2004, she moved to the Human Development Network (HDNED) to work in the Education for All Fast Track Initiative (EFA-FTI) and the Education Programme Development Fund (EPDF) and to lead the Bank’s work on Girls’ Education. Prior to World Bank, Mercy has been a high school teacher, a tutor at a teacher training college and the founder and Head teacher of a private primary school in Cameroon. After her doctoral studies, she also worked as a Research Officer at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex. She holds a Masters degree in Educational Development and Planning from the University of Liverpool (UK), a Ph.D in the Economics of Education from the Institute of Education at the University of London, and a Masters in Business Administration (MBA) degree in Management from Strayer University (US).
Margret Thalwitz is Director for Global Programs and Partnerhisps at the World Bank since June 2004. Ms. Thalwitz joined the World Bank as a Young Professional in 1977.  She held several positions as both a country and project economist in the Southern Africa, India, and Eastern Europe Departments of the Bank.  She was a member of the Europe and Central Asia Regional Management Team, leading the Urban and Municipal Development Division from 1997 to 2001 and transferring as the World Bank’s Special Representative for South East Europe at the EC/World Bank Office for South East Europe in Brussels in early 2002.  Ms. Thalwitz, a German national, earned her degree in economics at the University of Freiburg in 1975 and a post graduate diploma in development economics from the German Development Institute in 1977.
Mark Thomas joined the World Bank in 1999. He leads several activities related to debt relief and debt sustainability, including HIPC debt relief and the joint Bank-Fund debt sustainability framework for low-income countries. Dr Thomas’s interests include economic growth, developing-country labor and capital markets, and regional policy. Prior to his current assignment, he was Acting Lead Economist and Washington Anchor for the Bank’s program in Brazil. He has operational experience in South Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Prior to the Bank, Dr Thomas worked in the private sector and in academia: as a management consultant in Europe, and at Georgetown University, the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, the University of Montreal, and McGill University. Dr Thomas holds a PhD in Economics from Princeton University and a BA in Mathematics and Statistics from the University of Oxford.
Clemencia Torres de Mästle is a Senior Regulatory Economist in the Finance, Private Sector and Infrastructure Department for Latin America and the Caribbean in the World Bank. Before joining LAC, she worked in the Private Sector Development for the Middle East and North Africa Region in the World Bank for 3 years. Prior to her involvement in Operations, she worked on the Research Department of the Bank analyzing issues related to public enterprise reforms, privatization and regulations in infrastructure. She holds a Ph.D in Economics and a Master in Economic Policy from Boston University, and a B.A. in Economics from the University of los Andes in Bogotá, Colombia.
Geoffrey Underhill, a Canadian national, completed his BA (Hons) in Political Studies at Queen’s University at Kingston, graduating in 1980 with First Class honours. His main interests in political science were comparative/international political economy and international relations. In the course of his undergraduate studies he also completed the Certificat d’Etudes Politiques at the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris, specialising in the French political system and international relations/political economy. He received his PhD in 1987 at St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford. Underhill then taught at the University of Stirling (Scotland), and for three years at McMaster University in Canada, before moving to the University of Warwick in the UK in 1991. He took up the Chair of International Governance at the Universiteit van Amsterdam in October 1998.
Meike van Ginneken, a Dutch national, joined the World Bank in 2002. She is presently a senior water and sanitation specialist in the Energy and Water Department. She works on urban water supply and sanitation, and has worked on projects in Russia, Congo DRC and Ethiopia over the past couple of years. Before joining the Bank, Meike worked for the international NGO Doctors Without Borders on emergency relief operations in Bangladesh, El Salvador, Sudan and Tanzania. She also worked for the Global Water Partnership in Sweden, a global network that supports countries in the sustainable management of their water resources. Meike has published on utility reform, wastewater reuse, and integrated water resource management. She has a Masters in Water Management, Environmental, and Sanitary Engineering, from Delft University of Technology

Sweder van Wijnbergen is a former lead economist of the World Bank, where he worked until 1993. From 1993 until 1997 he was a Professor in Economics at the London School of Economics. Prior to coming back to the University of Amsterdam, he was the Secretary-General of the Ministry of Economic Affairs in the Netherlands and later on founder and CEO of Infomedics. Presently, he is a Professor in Economics at the University of Amsterdam.

Sona Varma is a Senior Economist with the World Bank. She joined the Bank in 1993, shortly after completing her PhD in Economics. During her time at the Bank, Sona has worked as an economist in the South Asia Region, mostly on Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, as well as in the Bank’s Finance Complex, analyzing credit risk for IBRD borrowers. In her current assignment, Sona works on low-income country debt issues, notably on the HIPC initiative as well as on designing a framework for assessing debt sustainability in low-income countries.

Adriaan Verheul is a senior international consultant with broad experience in World Bank and United Nations peace-building, peacekeeping operations and DDR/security sector reform. At present, Mr. Verheul is the founder and managing director of Defense and Development Consultants, LLC, based in Virginia (USA).  From 2003 to 2005, he served with the World Bank as Senior Specialist in charge of the design, negotiation, processing and supervision of demobilization and reintegration programs in Central Africa. Prior to this, he worked at the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO, 1993-2003) in both political and operational positions related to peacekeeping operations in the Middle-East and Africa. He also served as the Secretary of the United Nations Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations.  From 1990 - 1993, he was a human rights officer with the United Nations Centre for Human Rights (Geneva) and the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC). From 1984 to 1990, he taught International Relations and International Law at the Royal Netherlands Naval Academy, and worked as a free-lance journalist and military-political consultant. He holds a BA in law and a MA in international relations from Leyden University, Netherlands.

Robert Watson is the World Bank’s senior spokesperson on global warming and climate change. He joined the Bank in May 1996 as senior scientific advisor in the environment department and in July 1997 was appointed director of the same department and head of the environment sector board. Before coming to the Bank, he was associate director for environment in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the U.S. President. Prior to joining the White House, he was director of the science division and chief scientist for the Office of Mission to Planet Earth at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Dr. Watson has played a key role in the negotiation of global environment conventions and the evolution of the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
Dana Weist, PhD, is an economist and sector manager for the Economic Policy and Debt Department of the World Bank.  In addition to her current focus on economic and debt issues, she has worked on fiscal and governance issues in East Asia, Latin America and the Europe and Central Asia regions.  Prior to joining the World Bank, she served as a senior manager at KPMG/Bearing Point working on fiscal reform issues in developing countries.


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