|"Central to conflict prevention and peace-building must be strategies for promoting social cohesion and inclusion, ensuring that all have opportunities for gainful employment, that societies avoid wide income inequalities that can threaten social stability and that poor people have access to education, health care, and basic services." (October 6, 2001, op-ed entitled "Rich Nations Can Remove Poverty as a Source of Conflict," International Herald Tribune)
James D. Wolfensohn
Conflict is a major constraint to development with critical impact on physical, economic, and social capital, as well as the social fabric of the countries involved. The World Bank views conflict prevention and post-conflict reconstruction as critical to a mission of poverty reduction. Recognizing that contemporary conflicts often move in cycles of war and peace without decisive winners or peace agreements, creating situations of chronic instability, the Bank has developed flexible rules of engagement:
Countries vulnerable to conflict. Promotion of economic growth and poverty reduction through development assistance that minimizes potential causes of conflict.
Countries in conflict. Poverty reduction and maintenance of socioeconomic assets; information on the socioeconomic impacts of emergency assistance, as requested by member states or Bank partners; assessment of the economic and social impact of conflict; and preparation for Bank assistance as opportunities arise.
Countries emerging from conflict. facilitation of the transition to sustainable peace; support to economic and social recovery and sustainable development; and advice on the socioeconomic impacts of post-conflict reconstruction policies on sustainable development.
The Bank’s Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Unit
The Bank’s Post-Conflict Fund