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External Investigations


TS43-24 World Bank by World Bank Photo Collection 

How can satellite technology assist an investigation? How have Bank staff and clients thwarted attempted fraud and corruption schemes? Redacted investigation reports are available to the public.

Complaint intake

INT performs an initial assessment of every complaint that it receives. This assessment determines whether the complaint relates to a sanctionable practice in Bank Group-supported activities, whether the complaint has credibility, and whether the matter is of sufficient gravity to warrant an investigation. Complaints outside of INT’s jurisdiction are redirected to other areas of the Bank Group as appropriate. Complaints that fall under INT’s jurisdiction are investigated if they are determined to be of a higher priority. When a complaint does not reach this threshold, INT works with Operational staff to address the issues raised. In assigning priority, INT also considers the possible reputational risk to the World Bank Group, the amount of funds involved, and the quality of the information or evidence in INT’s possession.

Investigation of cases

Through investigations, INT ascertains whether firms and/or individuals have engaged in one of the Bank Group’s five sanctionable practices. Since an INT investigation is administrative in nature, the standard of proof is akin to a “balance of probabilities” and therefore lower than the criminal standard of “beyond a reasonable doubt.” The Bank Group, for that reason, has to prove that it is more likely than not that the alleged misconduct has occurred. If INT finds sufficient evidence to prove the allegation, the allegation is considered substantiated. The allegation is considered unsubstantiated if there was insufficient evidence to prove or disprove it, and unfounded if the allegation has no basis in fact.

Investigation Reports

When INT substantiates a case, it produces a Final Investigation Report (FIR). In some cases, INT will produce an FIR even if there is not reasonably sufficient evidence to substantiate a complaint; for example, if INT believes that the investigation unearthed important lessons that should be shared with colleagues in the Bank Group. FIRs are sent to regional management for comment before being finalized and provided to the President.

INT strives to ensure that the maximum time between opening a case and completing an investigation report is 12 months for normal cases, and 18 months for complex cases.

FIRs also form the basis for two other INT outputs: referral reports, which INT sends to relevant national authorities if evidence indicates that the laws of a Bank Group member country may have been violated; and redacted reports, which are provided to the Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors and, after the completion of any related sanctions proceedings, posted on this site.

blue_arrow.gifReferrals made in FY12
blue_arrow.gifReferrals made in FY11
blue_arrow.gifReferrals made in FY10 


Redacted Investigation and Forensic Audit Reports

blue_arrow.gifArmenia Second Judicial Reform Project (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifBangladesh Health Nutrition and Population Sector Program (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifTajikistan Rural Infrastructure Rehabilitation Project (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifRoad Development Program Phase III Transport Sector Development Project (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifExpanding Microfinance Project, Afghanistan (pdf)

Padma Bridge External Expert Panel Final Report (pdf)

Response from Minister Abul Maal Muhith to the Padma Expert Panel Report (pdf)

blue_arrow.gifTransport Infrastructure Investment Project, Madagascar (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifTransport Sector Program Support Project, Niger (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifLomé Infrastructure Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project, Togo (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifEmergency School Construction and Rehabilitation Project, Iraq (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifDhaka Urban Transport Project, Bangladesh (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifUzen Oil Field Rehab Project, Kazakhstan (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifLocal Government Capacity Project, Palestinian Authority (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifDokan and Derbandikan Emergency Hydro Power Project, Iraq (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifEmergency Services Support Project, West Bank and Gaza (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifMunicipal Water and Wastewater Project, Albania (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifSecond Financial Sector Restructuring Project, Nepal (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifFood and Drugs Capacity Building Project, India (pdf) 

Marine Ecosystem Protection Project, Guatemala (pdf) 

blue_arrow.gifEnergy II Project, Moldova (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifBank Modernization, Economic Capacity Building and Governance Assistance, Vietnam and Mongolia (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifRedacted Joint Review to Quantify Ineligible Expenditures for the Seven Districts and Headquarters of the Arid Lands Resource Management Program Phase II, Kenya (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifAnhui Highway Rehabilitation and Improvement Project, China (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifGateway Project, The Gambia (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifWater Sector Project, Indonesia (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifArid Lands Resource Management Project--Phase II , Kenya (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifShort Term Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project, Afghanistan (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifNational Land Administration Project, Bolivia (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifHealth Project, India (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifWater Project, Azerbaijan (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifMultisectoral HIV/AIDS, DRC
blue_arrow.gifLand Project A, Cambodia (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifProvincial and Rural Infrastructure Project, Cambodia (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifPost Literacy and Continuing Education for Human Development, Bangladesh (pdf) 
blue_arrow.gifEmergency Social Action Program, Congo (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifGlobal Distance Learning Network,
Dominican Republic
blue_arrow.gifMalaria Control Project (Fraud), India (pdf)
blue_arrow.gifMalaria Control Project (Collusion), India (pdf)


Municipal Development Project, Armenia (pdf) 


National Roads Improvement and Management Project (Phase I), Philippines (pdf) 


Emergency Economic and Social Reunification Support Project and Emergency Multisector Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Project, Congo (pdf) 


Emergency Demobilization and Reintegration Project, Congo (pdf) 


Rural Land Management Project and Land Administration Project and Forests and Rural Productivity Project, Honduras (pdf) 

Last updated: 2014-07-14

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