Mr. L. Yves Fortier, QC
External Member and Chair
Mr. L. Yves Fortier, a Canadian national, has served as Sanctions Board Chair since June 2012. He is an attorney at law in Canada, with extensive experience in international independent arbitration. Mr. Fortier has served on more than 100 arbitral tribunals, including the International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce (Paris) and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). From 1998 to 2001, he was President of the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA). He was also appointed Judge ad hoc of the International Court of Justice in international boundary disputes in 1997 and 2002.
Mr. Fortier served as Ambassador of Canada to the United Nations in New York from 1988 to 1992. He has acted as lead counsel and chief negotiator for the Canadian government on many international issues. Mr. Fortier is a Companion of the Order of Canada (highest ranking in the order).
Mr. Fortier holds a B.A. from the Université de Montréal, a B.C.L. from McGill University, and a B.Litt from Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar.
Mr. Hassane Cissé
Mr. Hassane Cissé, a Senegalese national, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2007. Mr. Cissé has been the World Bank’s Deputy General Counsel, Knowledge and Research, since 2009, in which capacity he provides intellectual leadership on strategic legal and policy issues facing the institution and leads the Bank’s knowledge agenda on law, justice and development.
In his prior position as the Bank’s Chief Counsel for Operations Policy, Mr. Cissé contributed to the modernization and simplification of the Bank’s legal and policy framework, and served as legal advisor on governance and anticorruption. Prior to joining the Bank, Mr. Cissé was Counsel at the International Monetary Fund.
Mr. Cissé obtained his LL.B. (High Hons.) from Dakar University in Senegal. He also holds an LL.M. degree from Harvard Law School as well as graduate law degrees (Hons.) from the Universities of Paris I – Panthéon-Sorbonne and Paris II – Panthéon-Assas, and a graduate degree in history from the University of Paris I – Panthéon-Sorbonne (High Hons.). Mr. Cissé is a member of the World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on the Rule of Law.
Ms. Alison Micheli
Ms. Alison Micheli, a U.S. national, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2014. Ms. Micheli is a Lead Counsel for Procurement within the Operations Policy Group of the World Bank’s Legal Department, and in that capacity provides legal advice on operational procurement matters and public procurement reform. From 2008 to 2010, she also served as Secretary to the World Bank Group Sanctions Board. Prior to joining the World Bank in 1999, Ms. Micheli was in private practice in Washington, D.C., working in the area of government contracts. She received her law degree from the Georgetown University Law Center and is a member of the Bar of the District of Columbia.
Ms. Ellen Gracie Northfleet
Ms. Ellen Gracie Northfleet, a Brazilian national, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2013. An attorney in private practice and arbitrator in Rio de Janeiro, Ms. Northfleet has previously held several judicial positions in Brazil, including Federal Attorney; Judge as well as Chief-Judge of the Federal Court of Appeals; Justice and later Chief-Justice of the Federal Supreme Court ; and Presiding Judge of the National Justice Council. Ms. Northfleet has received some of the highest decorations and distinguished awards for her public service. Her key contributions to the reform of the Brazilian judicial system relate, among others, to the adoption of computerized models for case filing and management, the introduction of the stare decisis system in a civil law jurisdiction, and the increased use of alternative dispute resolution.
Ms. Northfleet currently serves on the Legal Board of the Federation of Industries of São Paulo – FIESP and acts as Vice-President of the Arbitration Chamber of that institution. She also serves on the Boards of several Brazilian companies and on the Board of Directors of the World Justice Project.
Ms. Northfleet holds a law degree, as well as a post-graduate degree in social anthropology, from the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. She also studied Administration of Justice at American University (Washington, D.C.) as a fellow of the Fulbright Program
Ms. Catherine O'Regan
Ms. Catherine O’Regan, a national of South Africa, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2012. She is currently the President of the International Monetary Fund Administrative Tribunal and Chairperson of the United Nations Internal Justice Council. Ms. O’Regan was a Judge of the Constitutional Court of South Africa from 1994 to 2009. From 2008-2012, she was appointed an ad hoc judge of the Supreme Court of Namibia.
Ms. O’Regan holds a B.A. and an LL.B from the University of Cape Town, an LL.M from the University of Sydney, and a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). She is an Honorary Professor at the University of Cape Town and a Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Oxford. Ms. O’Regan has been awarded numerous honorary degrees, including from the LSE and the University of South Africa.
Mr. Denis Robitaille
Mr. Denis Robitaille, a Canadian national, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2012. Mr. Robitaille is a development professional with 26 years of experience in several sectors, including procurement, transportation, and portfolio management. Since 2011, he has served as the World Bank's Chief Information Officer for Operations and Knowledge line of business in IMT (Information Management and Technology).
Prior to his present assignment as CIO, Mr. Robitaille managed the World Bank's Development Effectiveness Unit in the Latin America and Caribbean Region and held the position of Portfolio Manager in South East Asia, working with multiple countries, including Lao PDR, Thailand, Malaysia, and Cambodia, in overseeing the performance of the World Bank-financed portfolio. He additionally held the positions of Regional Procurement Manager for the East Asia and Pacific Region, and Task Team Leader of various projects in the transport sector.
Mr. Robitaille is a member of the Ordre des Ingenieurs du Quebec and holds a degree in Civil Engineering from Laval University.
Mr. J. James Spinner
Mr. J. James Spinner, a U.S. national, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2013. Mr. Spinner was General Counsel of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) until 2011, in which capacity he participated, inter alia, in the development of the IADB’s operational, financial, and administrative policies, as well as anti-corruption strategies. During his career at the IADB from 1977 to 2011, Mr. Spinner provided legal advice on all aspects of the IADB’s activities, including its lending and guarantee operations, its financial activities on global capital markets, and corporate matters. Prior to joining the IADB, he practiced law in Washington, D.C.
Mr. Spinner holds a B.A. from Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and a J.D. from Georgetown University. He is Member of the Board of Trustees of Colegio Karl C. Parrish, Barranquilla, Colombia.
International Finance Corporation (IFC) Alternate Members
Mrs. Olufunke Adekoya, SAN
External IFC Alternate
Mrs. Funke Adekoya, a British and Nigerian national, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2014. Mrs. Adekoya is a Partner at ǼLEX, one of the largest full service commercial law firms in Nigeria where she heads the Dispute Resolution practice group. She obtained a Second Upper Law degree from the then University of Ife, Ile-Ife South West Nigeria in 1974, graduating top of her class with 3 Faculty prizes to her credit. After obtaining her professional legal qualifications from the Nigerian Law School in 1975, she attended Harvard Law School, Boston, Massachusetts USA where she obtained her LLM in 1977. She was elevated to the rank of Senior Advocate of Nigeria in September 2001. She re-qualified as a Solicitor in England and Wales in July 2004 and maintains a current practising licence.
As head of the 15 member dispute resolution practice group in ǼLEX, Mrs. Adekoya provides legal representation to domestic and offshore clients, and also advises foreign counsel on matters of Nigerian law. In addition to appointments as either sole or party appointed arbitrator or as chair of the panel in both international and domestic arbitration proceedings [institutional and ad hoc], she has also acted both within Nigeria and abroad either as counsel, co-counsel or Nigerian law expert in both litigation and arbitration proceedings for offshore clients; has advised investors on potential investment treaty claims and has appeared as an expert witness on Nigerian law issues in courts in Turkey, the UK, and the United States.
Mrs. Adekoya is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, also a Chartered Arbitrator and a past Chairman of its Nigerian Branch. She is also a board member of the recently established Lagos Court of Arbitration as well as of the African Users Council of the LCIA [London Court of International Arbitration].
Among other listings, Mrs. Adekoya is listed on the arbitrators’ panel of the Kigali International Arbitration Centre, the Energy Arbitrators List by the International Centre for Dispute Resolution, and the African representative on the Editorial Board of Arbitration News, the journal of the Arbitration Committee of the International Bar Association. She was also a member of the IBA Task Force which prepared the IBA Guidelines on Party Representation in International Arbitration.
Ms. Georgina Baker
Internal IFC Alternate
Ms. Georgina Baker, a UK national, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2014. Ms. Baker has a 23 years career with International Finance Corporation (IFC) during which time she has worked on IFC's investments in many areas including manufacturing investments in Eastern Europe and financial sector investments across the emerging markets. Most recently as Director of IFC's Trade and Supply Chain Department, Ms. Baker was responsible for IFC's suite of trade and supply chain finance products, a core business of the Corporation. Since October 2014 Ms. Baker is Director for Syndications and FCS Mobilization. Before joining IFC, Ms. Baker received an MBA from the London Business School and previously worked in the UK and in Indonesia as a mechanical engineer. Ms. Baker is based at IFC headquarters in Washington, D.C.
Mr. Morgan Landy
Internal IFC Alternate
Mr. Morgan Landy is Director of IFC's Environment, Social and Governance Department. Prior to assuming his current position in December 2013, Mr. Landy held a series of other senior positions at IFC, most recently as the Global Head for Power and Renewable Energy. Before joining IFC, Mr. Landy worked in the investment banking team at Credit Suisse First Boston in New York. Mr. Landy holds a B.A. from Amherst College and an M.A. from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. Mr. Landy is based at IFC headquarters in Washington, D.C.
External IFC Alternate
Multilateral Insurance Guarantee Agency (MIGA) Alternate Members
Mr. Bernard Hanotiau
External MIGA Alternate
Mr. Bernard Hanotiau, a Belgian national, has served as a Sanctions Board alternate since 2007. Mr. Hanotiau, an attorney at law in Belgium and France, has held numerous leadership positions and memberships with leading international arbitration bodies, including the International Council for Commercial Arbitration Council and the Council of the International Chamber of Commerce Institute. Mr. Hanotiau has published and lectured extensively on international commercial law and arbitration, and is a member of the editorial boards of numerous international law and arbitration publications. He received his Ph.D. from Louvain University, where he is a Professor of Law; and an LL.M. from Columbia University.
Ms. Judith Pearce
Internal MIGA Alternate
Ms. Judith Pearce, an Australian national, has served on the Sanctions Board since 2014. Ms. Pearce has had more than 20 years’ experience working in international development. Currently, she is a Lead Operations Officer at the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), the political risk insurance arm of the World Bank Group. Ms. Pearce advises senior management on integrity issues and reputational risk mitigation in MIGA’s $12 billion portfolio, and is responsible for integrity, due diligence, and monitoring of the agency’s approximately $3 billion of annual new business. In addition, Ms. Pearce has developed and implemented MIGA’s integrity procedures—helping to make the agency an industry leader in this field.
Previously, Ms. Pearce worked for a major international investigative firm, specializing in security issues, including kidnap and ransom. She began her international career as an Australian diplomat in East Africa, and then as a briefing officer for the Australian Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Ms. Pearce is a Certified Fraud Examiner. She received her doctorate and bachelor’s degrees from the University of Queensland, Australia.