DDVE staff and consultants regularly participate or are invited to a wide range of events outside of the World Bank. A list of key events organized by DDVE or to which DDVE staff participated since 2008 is provided below. DDVE also organizes seminars taking place at the World Bank to discuss issues related to faith, ethics and development. DDVE training events and other efforts directly aimed at capacity development are listed separately in our website (see Capacity Development – since 2008.)
June 29, 2010: Presentation at the European Report on Development conference in Dakar on promoting resilience through social protection in sub-Saharan Africa
June 20-25, 2010: Training course on social accounting matrices at the 18th International Input-Output Association meeting in Sydney
June 18, 2010: Discussion at the European Report on Development conference at University Paris-1 Panthéon-Sorbonne on experiences from social protection programs across the developing world
June 15-16, 2010: Presentations at the workshop on Climate induced migration in the Middle East and North Africa at the Center for Mediterranean Integration in Marseille
June 10, 2010: Discussion at the Gender and Conflict Research Workshop organized by the World Bank Gender Group in Washington, DC
May 24-June 5, 2010: Mission on poverty mapping analysis to Washington, DC, by staff from Burkina Faso’s National Statistical Office (Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie)
May 23-June 5, 2010: Mission on poverty and benefit incidence analysis to Washington, DC, by staff from Swaziland’s Central Statistical Office and Ministry of Economic Planning and Development in collaboration with UNDP
May 19, 2010: Presentation of the work of DDVE on values, ethics and development at the Canadian International Development Agency
May 18, 2010: Seminar on the evaluation of the performance of Fe y Alegría schools at the Department of Economics of the University of Ottawa
May 14, 2010: Presentation of paper on the evaluation of the performance of Fe y Alegría schools at the 50th Annual Congress of the Société canadienne de science économique in Quebec City
April 28, 2010: Managing Director Juan Jose Daboub at the Pope John Paul II Cultural Center in Washington, DC for a conversation on Pope Benedict XVI's Caritas in Veritate with Bishop Dewane of Venice, Florida, and Archbishop Sambi, Apostolic Nuncio of the Holy See to the United States
April 19, 2010: Mission to Bogota, Colombia, for planning an assessment of the Pastoral de la Primera Infancia program in partnership with the Panamerican Health Organization
April 15-18, 2010: Mission to Bogota, Colombia, for planning a collaboration on the analysis of performance in the education sector with the City Secretary of Planning, Fe y Alegría, and ICFES
March 11-12, 2010: Presentation of DDVE’s work at the conference on religions and public authorities in Europe at the Catholic University of Louvain
March 9, 2010: Presentation of DDVE’s work at the Ecumenical Council in Panama
March 9, 2010: Participation at the meeting of UN Focal Points for Initiatives with FBOs in Latin America co-organized by UNFPA and the World Council of Religions for Peace
February 25, 2010: Joint Seminar with Education Thematic Group on performance assessment of Fe y Alegria secondary schools in Colombia
December 18, 2009: Seminar at the University of Ottawa on Islamic law and family law reforms
December 15, 2009: Presentation of DDVE's strategy note at the World Bank's Education and Social Protection & Labor sector boards
December 5-7, 2009: Presentation at the Third Meeting of the Interreligious Network of Central America in El Salvador (III Encuentro de la Red Interreligiosa Mesoamericana - Religiones por la Paz)
December 3-9, 2009: Presentations at the Parliament of the World’s Religions in Melbourne
November 12-14, 2009: Presentation at Yale Conference on Women, Religion and Globalization, New Haven, Connecticut
November 10, 2009: Presentation at the WHO-CIFA Consultation in Geneva on Mapping Religious Health Assets
November 3-20, 2009: Mission to Bangui, Central African Republic, to present results from the analysis of the ECASEB household survey and plan a survey on monitoring the impact of the economic crisis
October 26, 2009: Presentation of DDVE’s strategy note at the World Bank’s Health, Nutrition, and Population sector board
October 20-21, 2009: Presentation at the 7th Annual Doha Conference on Interfaith Dialogue on the theme of human solidarity
October 19-21, 2009: Workshop organized in Peru for Fe y Alegria and government staff from Latin America in collaboration with the World Bank Institute and Magis America
September 24, 2009: Presentation on philanthropy and development to the Rotary Club on McLean
September 23, 2009: Professor Deirdre McCloskey, Distinguished Professor at University of Illinois at Chicago, gave two seminars on September 23. The first focused on the bourgeois virtues and why economics can't explain the modern world. The second focused on her earlier work on the rhetoric of economics and the "secret sins" of economics, including the use and abuse of tests of statistical significance in applied work.
Material from the seminars:
FirstThreeChapters.pdf l Incidentals.pdf l ModelsandLines.pdf l
September 8-9, 2009: Participation to the high level consultation on “Faith and Malaria – Towards an Integrated Solution” organized by the Tony Blair Faith Foundation and the Center for Interfaith Action on Global Poverty at Yale University.
August 17-27, 2009: Technical assistance mission/workshop on baseline data collection and analysis, and on targeting the poor for the Republic of Congo’s Water and Urban Infrastructure Project
August 4, 2009: Meeting with delegation from Morocco participating in the US State Department: International Visitors Program, and with IFTA.
August 3, 2009: Presentation at UNFPA Faith-Based Organizations Policy Roundtable in New York
July 15-16, 2009: Consultation in London on the evaluation of community-based interventions in HIV-AIDS. The World Bank’s Global HIV/AIDS team held this consultation with support from the UK Consortium on AIDS and International Development (a network of over 80 CSOs working on HIV and AIDS internationally). Participants includes NGO networks (such as the Kenyan AIDS NGOs Consortium), civil society organizations, foundations, and faith-based organizations (such as Catholic Relief Services, World Vision, and the Pan African Christian AIDS Network or PACANet).
July 5-7, 2009: Presentation at the Salisbury Faith and Water workshop. Len Abrams, from the Africa Region Vice Presidency represented the World Bank at the Faith and Water workshop organized at Salisbury’s Sarum College in the UK by the Alliance of Religions and Conservation (ARC) with the Dutch Ecological Management Foundation and the International Water and Sanitation Centre.
July 3, 2009: Organization of technical workshop on faith-based service delivery in health in Accra, Ghana. As a follow up to the Accra faith and development leaders meeting, DDVE organized together with the Christian Health Association of Ghana (CHAG) a one day event to discuss CHAG’s experience in providing health services in Ghana. The event included a field visit to a CHAG hospital in the outskirts of Accra.
July 1-2, 2009: Faith and Development Leaders Meeting in Accra, Ghana. Together with the World Faiths Development Dialogue, DDVE organized a two-day meeting with faith and development leaders centered around the role of faith-based organizations in service delivery, with a focus on Africa. Material from the meeting is available here.
June 15-18, 2009: Organization of two sessions at the World Bank Cairo Global South-South Learning Forum on social protection responses to address the finance, food, and fuel crisis. The World Bank’s Social Protection Group organized in Cairo a global South-South Learning Forum to share knowledge and stimulate learning on social protection to address the finance, food and fuel crisis. DDVE organized two sessions at the workshop, one on non-governmental and informal safety nets which featured a discussion of zakat (charitable contributions for the poor in Muslim societies), and another on social protection in fragile states with case studies from Liberia, Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe.
June 11, 2009: Presentation at World Bank training event on monitoring the social impact of crises. DDVE staff made a presentation at a June 11 workshop for World Bank staff that aimed to promote knowledge sharing and coordination across World Bank teams involved in crisis monitoring activities. The conference discussed the rapidly evolving monitoring tools and strategies being pursued, and DDVE’s presentation focused on experiences from the Africa region.
May 23, 2009: Participation in 23rd Annual Conference of Christian Connections for International Health in Buckeystown, Maryland. DDVE participated in this conference that brings every year participants from many countries together. The feature presentation was on malaria.
May 18, 2009: Presentation by Ghana country office to the Economic Council of the President of Ghana on energy prices and the poor. DDVE's analytical work on energy consumption and on the access to and affordability of basic infrastructure services was the basis for a presentation by the World Bank Ghana office to the Economic Council of the President in order to inform government policy in this area. The work suggests that much of the negative impact for the poor of higher energy prices could be offset by subsidies for kerosene.
April 27, 2009: DDVE-SDV half day workshop on Poverty, Social, and Human Development Analysis in Conflict-Affected Countries. Several challenges make good analytical work on poverty, social development, and human development especially difficult in conflict-affected countries. First, nationally representative and comprehensive household survey data are scarce, and administrative data often weak or missing. Second, violent conflict tend to change the nature and scale of poverty as well as of demographic characteristics, with large parts of a country's population being affected directly and indirectly. Third, given limited capacity of public institutions, different types of non-state actors such as Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) and Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs) often play a large role in service delivery for education, health, and social protection. Fourth, local statistical and analytical capacity is often weak. Such a combination of circumstances requires creativity in data collection and analysis. The objective of this workshop was to document experience at the World Bank and other organizations in collecting and analyzing data related to poverty, social development, and human development in conflict-affected countries in order to suggest ways to improve such data collection and analysis. Participants included World Bank staff, staff from other development organizations, university researchers, and staff from NGOs/FBOs. The workshop was organized together with the World Bank’s Social Development Department.
April 24, 2009: DDVE-sponsored seminar on people with disabilities at the Civil Society Policy Forum during the World Bank-IMF Spring Meetings. The seminar started with a brief overview on the definition and extent of disability. Estimates suggest that 10 to 12 percent of the population may suffer from a disability and for 2 to 3 percent this disability may be severe. The panelists discussed knowledge gaps in terms of disability data and statistics, and options to improve data, such as the Washington City Group proposal to introduce six standard questions on disability in census data. The panelists also discussed the lack of evidence for policy formulation, arguing for the need to collect good practice data on successful programs and policies. Examples of programs and policies for disability prevention, rehabilitation and inclusion (including through human capital formation, insertion in labor markets; and social inclusion programs) were discussed by representatives from the US Business Leadership Network, various faith networks, and Bank staff, including a case study on disability and development in Sierra Leone. The seminar was organized jointly with the World Bank’s Disability and Development Team.
April 24, 2009: DDVE-sponsored seminar on indigenous peoples at the Civil Society Policy Forum during the World Bank-IMF Spring Meetings. This seminar started with an overview of the size of indigenous populations in the world, and especially in developing countries. Estimates suggest that up to 350 million people belong to various indigenous groups, and the available data also indicate large differences in poverty, education, health, and employment outcomes between indigenous peoples and other groups. Next, a case study was presented on recent analytical work done by a World Bank team to help for the design of a strategy towards pygmies in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Finally, the session panelists discussed how the global indigenous movement has evolved in recent years, and how issues related to which groups are considered indigenous or not may have implications for the design and implementation of development projects, with examples from various parts of the world. The seminar was organized jointly with the World Bank’s Disability and Development Team.
April 23, 2009: DDVE-sponsored seminar on the G20 Summit outcome at the Civil Society Policy Forum during the World Bank-IMF Spring Meetings. The April 2009 G20 Summit concluded with commitments aimed at addressing the challenges facing the global economy, to restore growth and achieve needed reforms in the world’s financial systems. The Communiqué included an assessment of the root causes of the crisis and actions taken to date. G20 leaders agreed on a set of measures to stabilize financial markets and address longer-term challenges, which included efforts to help developing economies gain access to finance and achieve growth, and strengthening the roles of the International Financial Institutions and ensuring they have adequate resources. This seminar’s panelists discussed how the measures announced could help restore growth and promote recovery of the global economy and developing countries. Participants were informed about perspectives and policy actions of the IMF and World Bank, as well as civil society actors. The seminar was organized jointly with the World Bank’s Civil Society Team.
April 23, 2009: DDVE-sponsored seminar on hunger and malnutrition at the Civil Society Policy Forum during the World Bank-IMF Spring Meetings. Some estimates suggest that there are close to one billion people worldwide that are undernourished. Chronic malnutrition is a hidden emergency – one that has an impact on all aspects of a person’s life. The majority of the world’s chronically hungry people are women and children. They tend to be concentrated in rural areas where growing numbers have fallen into poverty traps. Growing evidence shows that malnutrition impacts cognitive development, educational attainment, income, and life expectancy. This seminar began with a review of the scale of the problem, and its impact on chronic poverty. It then focused on how different actors can contribute to possible solutions. New technologies, changes in public policy, and business innovations were be discussed. The seminar was organized jointly with CARE and the World Bank’s Civil Society Team.
April 23, 2009: DDVE-sponsored seminar on climate change at the Civil Society Policy Forum during the World Bank-IMF Spring Meetings. This seminar started with an overview of the challenges ahead to reduce the magnitude of climate change as well as its impact, with the discussion based on findings from the draft World Development Report on climate change. The relationship between climate change, weather shocks and nutrition in developing countries was then discussed. Thereafter, two civil society organizations (Catholic Relief Services and World Vision) discussed their programs to help the poor cope with shocks related to climate change. The last presentation focused on the role to be played by civil society organizations in advocating for policies in developing countries to reduce the risk of climate change and help fund programs in developing countries to deal with the impact of climate change. The seminar was organized jointly with the World Bank’s Civil Society Team.
April 23, 2009: DDVE-sponsored seminar on the economic crisis in Africa at the Civil Society Policy Forum during the World Bank-IMF Spring Meetings. This seminar started with an overview of the extent of the food and financial crisis in Africa, its impact on the poor, and the responses adopted by donors and governments to protect the poor from the crisis. A case study for Liberia of the cash-for-work program implemented by the government with World Bank support was then presented. Next, two civil society organizations (Catholic Relief Services and Food for the Hungry) discussed how they have adapted their own programs to respond to the crisis. Presenters focused their remarks not only on the key characteristics of their programs and policies to respond to the crisis, but also on the challenges faced in implementing these programs and on ways that could be used to evaluate such programs so that they achieve the largest possible positive impact on the poor. The seminar was organized jointly with the World Bank’s Civil Society Team.
April 4, 2009: Presentation on “Faith-Based Schools in Conflict-affected Countries: Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo” at the Annual conference of ASREC (Association of the Study of Religion, Economics and Culture) in Crystal City. The DDVE team presented its work on the above topic. The analysis uses recent and nationally representative household survey data to compare the coverage, targeting, and performance of faith-based and public schools in Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The results suggest that in Sierra Leone, faith-based schools reach the poor more than public schools, and also perform slightly better after controlling for the characteristics of the student body. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, there are few differences in the types of students reached by faith-based and public schools, and while there is some indication that faith-based schools might perform slightly better, those results cannot be considered as statistically significant.
March 30, 2009: DDVE seminar on “Climate Change and Faith Communities”. Faith communities and networks, as well as faith-based organizations, play an important role in implementing local projects related to climate change in developing countries and in advocating for policies to reduce the threat of climate change and help the poor cope with its effects. James Jones, Bishop of Liverpool and member of the House of Lords, was a guest speaker at this DDVE seminar, together with Marianne Fay, co-Director of the World Development Report on climate change, and Joy Phumaphi, Vice President for the Human Development Network. This event marked the beginning of a broader dialogue with faith communities on climate change that will be held in the months ahead within the context of the World Development Report.
March 24, 2009: Meeting with Faith Leaders in Côte d’Ivoire. As part of its Development Dialogue activities, the Côte d’Ivoire World Bank Office held a meeting with the country's top religious leaders to get their perspectives on ways for the country to emerge from the crisis that has affected the population for several years. His Eminence Jean Pierre Kutwa, Archbishop of Abidjan and Cheick Aima Aboubacar Fofana, President of Cote d'Ivoire Islam Council shared lessons from their experiences, focusing on the strategies they have developed to ease tensions and provide guidance on the conduct of public affairs during the crisis. The meeting was moderated by Country Director Madani Tall.
March 22-23, 2009: Presentation on the global economic crisis and the role of zakat as an informal safety net at the 2nd World Congress on Muslim Philanthropy in Abu Dhabi. DDVE presented its work on the crisis affecting Africa (see Africa Economic Crisis) as well as preliminary results on the role of zakat charitable donations in the Muslim world, with a focus on how zakat serves as an informal safety net for the poor. Results were presented for Bangladesh, Egypt, Pakistan, and Yeman, using data from nationally representative household surveys.
March 19, 2009: Presentation on service delivery by faith-based organizations at Birmingham University’s Religions and Development Research Programme in the School of Government and Society. DDVE presented examples of its work on the provision of education, health, and social protection services b y faith-based organizations, including recent work on education services provided by faith-based schools in Cameroun, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Sierra Leone.
March 18-19, 2009: Presentation at workshop in Cambridge, UK, by the European University Institute on the food crisis and development potential of the agricultural sector in fragile countries. DDVE presented its work on the impact of the economic crisis and the policy responses of governments, with a focus on fragile states. This is part of a broader collaboration with the European University Institute in preparation of the European Report on Development. More information on DDVE’s work on the economic crisis can be found at Africa Economic Crisis.
March 11, 2009: Presentation on the economic crisis in Africa at the Lecture series on Inequality and Poverty in the Global Economy at George Washington University in Washington, DC. A presentation was made by DDVE staff at Georgetown University’s Public Policy Institute on on-going work on the Africa economic crisis. Findings on the impact of the crisis and the policy responses of governments were discussed. More information on this project can be found at Africa Economic Crisis.
March 10, 2009: Organization of panel on religion and infrastructure as factors affecting time use at American University workshop. DDVE organized a panel at a workshop at American University in Washington, DC, on gender, time use and unpaid work. The panel members discussed two topics. The first topic was an analysis of factors affecting the amount of time allocated to domestic and labor market work by men and women in Cameroon, with a focus on how religion affects time allocation. The second topic was on how the World Bank takes time use issues into account when computing the economic rate of return of projects improving access to basic infrastructure services.
March 9, 2009: Presentation on the measurement of time poverty at American University workshop. A DDVE paper was presented at a workshop at American University in Washington, DC, on gender, time use and unpaid work. The paper provides a new definition of time poverty as working long hours without much choice not to do so because an individual’s household is poor, or is at risk of falling into poverty if the individual were to reduce her working hours below a certain time poverty line. Time poverty is thus understood as the fact that some individuals do not have enough time for rest and leisure after taking into account the time spent working, whether in the labor market, for domestic work, or for other activities such as fetching water and wood.
February 19, 2009: DDVE seminar by Ritva Reinikka on “Working for God?” What motivates religious not-for-profit health care providers? The paper on which the seminar was based uses a change in financing of not-for-profit health care providers in Uganda to test two theories of organizational behavior: That workers and managers of not-for-profit providers are intrinsically motivated to serve (poor) people; alternatively, not-for-profit providers are captured by their managers and/or workers and behave like for-profit actors, although they may not directly appropriate profits. Financial aid leads to more laboratory testing, lower user charges, and increased utilization. The paper’s findings are consistent with the view that religious not-for-profit providers are intrinsically motivated to serve poor people and that these preferences matter quantitatively. The paper is available under DDVE Working papers.
January 26, 2009: Workshop in Mali on the economic crisis with the IMF and the Ministry of Finance. A workshop was organized in Bamako to discuss the impact of the economic crisis in collaboration with the Africa Region’s Poverty Reduction and Economic Management department and the International Monetary Fund, and at the invitation of the Ministry of Finance. DDVE’s presentation focused on the impact of the food price increases and the policies that can be implemented in this area, including the recent rice initiative announced by the government. This work is part of a flagship study on the impact of the economic crisis in sub-Saharan Africa managed jointly with the Africa region Chief Economist Office. Two papers on Mali, one on assessing the potential impact of higher food price using household survey data and the other on simulating selected policy responses to deal with the crisis using a computable general equilibrium model are available under DDVE Working papers.
January 26, 2009: Seminar in Mali on service delivery for education and health. An informal seminar was organized in Bamako to discuss the role of various education and health service providers in Mali, including public, private, and faith-related providers. The workshop was devoted in part on ways to improve data collection through national surveys on the role of alternative providers and their performance. Government staff from the Ministry of education, the Ministry of Health and the national Statistical Office participated.
January 21, 2009: Presentation of Sierra Leone poverty report at the Joint Assistance Strategy workshop in Freetown. Results from a poverty study prepared by DDVE staff were presented to government and donor representatives at the Joint Assistance Workshop with the African Development Bank in Freetown. Progress since the end of the conflict has been impressive, but the economic crisis is affecting households. Preliminary results on the role of faith-based organizations in service delivery in education were also presented at the workshop (more than half of all children attending primary school go to faith-based schools in Sierra Leone).
December 12, 2008: Leadership Consultation on Scaling Up Faith Community Impact Against Malaria organized by the Center for Interfaith Action on Poverty at Georgetown University. Joy Phumaphi, the World Bank Human Development Network Vice President, and Maryse Pierre-Louis, Lead Health Specialist in charge of the World Bank's malaria booster program participated in a high level consultation on the role of faith-based organizations in the fight against Malaria. The workshop was organized jointly by the Center for Interfaith Action on Poverty and the Berkley Center at Georgetown University.
December 10, 2008: Dissemination workshop for work on poverty and targeting in Cape Verde with National Statistical Institute and Ministry of Planning. As part of work on poverty in Cape Verde managed by DDVE with funding from the Africa region in the World Bank, DDVE staff organized a dissemination workshop to present key results related to the trend in poverty trend in Cape Verde and ways to improve the targeting of social programs. Thw workshop was co-sponsored by Cape Verde’s National Statistical Institute and the Ministry of Planning.
December 10, 2008: Presentation at the All Africa Conference of Churches General Assembly in Maputo, Mozambique. Susan Hume from the Miozambique country office represented the World Bank and DDVE at the All Africa Conference of Churches General Assembly organized by the World Council of Churches in Maputo. Her presentation focused on growth in Africa and the ways through which the World Bank support Africa’s development through its operations.
December 3, 2008: Georgetown University Seminar on the Food and Oil Price Crisis in Africa. A presentation was made by DDVE staff at Georgetown University’s Public Policy Institute on on-going work on the Africa economic crisis. Preliminary findings on the impact of the crisis and the policy responses of governments were discussed. More information on this project can be found at Africa Economic Crisis.
November 19, 2008: Indigenous Peoples, Poverty and Development Workshop at Georgetown University. DDVE is part of a core team at the World Bank preparing a book of case studies on indigenous peoples, poverty and development. DDVE’s contribution focuses on the livelihoods and well-being of pygmies in Central Africa. DDVE participated in a workshop at Georgetown University’s Public Policy Institute to review progress made so far in the study with presentations by chapter authors.
November 16-18, 2008: Annual Sant’Egidio Prayer for Peace Meeting in Cyprus. DDVE staff participated in the annual Prayer for Peace organized by the Community of Sant’Egidio organized this year in Cyprus and chaired a panel on “Earth and Humankind: A Dialogue of Faiths and Cultures”, which focused both on environment challenges and cultures in tension. The diverse speakers included France’s Minister of Housing and City Affairs Christine Boudin, Khadija Bengama from Al Jazeera TV, Andon Merdani, Orthodox Bishop of Albania, Andrea Masullo, environmental specialist, Serge Latouche, French public intellectual, Charles Palmer from the Council of Europe, and Mohinder Singh, Sikh historian.
November 16, 2008: UNDP expert group on unpaid work, economic development and human wellbeing in New York. DDVE is part of the UNDP expert group on unpaid work, economic development and human wellbeing, and presented its work on gender and time use in sub-Saharan Africa at the group’s meeting in New York.
October 31-November 1, 2008: Miami University Conference on the Moral, Economic, and Social Life of Coffee. DDVE staff participated in a conference on coffee organized by Miami University. The purpose of the conference was to bring together people from business and academia to discuss problems facing coffee farmers, sustainable production, the environment, and the future of coffee, and to increase public awareness of issues of politics, ecology, and social justice connected with the industry. DDVE’s contribution focused on the issue of coffee producer prices and their impact on poverty in Africa.
October 17, 2008: UNDP New York seminar on migration, remittances, and poverty. UNDP is preparing its new Human Development Report on “Human Development on the Move”. As a contribution to this report, DDVE presented results from its work on “Migration, Remittances and Poverty in West Africa” at UNDP in New York. The first part of the DDVE study is devoted to qualitative evidence on rural-to-urban migration by youth. Thereafter, the study uses household survey data to look at the impact of remittances on poverty and the factors influencing the decision to remit. The evidence suggests that remittances are an important source of income, so that the impact of remittance shocks can be large. Yet the analysis also suggests that international remittances often don’t reach the poor very much.
October 17, 2008: United Nations roundtable on “Turning rhetoric into action - building effective partnerships to combat poverty and exclusion”. DDVE participated in this roundtable organized by the International Movement ATD Fourth World with the NGO Sub-committee for the Eradication of Poverty in collaboration with the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Participants discussed ways to achieve meaningful participation by the very poor in discussions on development policies and programs, at the local, national and international levels.
October 10, 2008: Patrick McDonald, Director of VIVA Network, presents at Friday Morning Group. VIVA is a global network of 78 Christian Faith-Based Organizations that work with children and youth in some 40 countries in Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia. The organization’s director presented at the World Bank’s Friday Morning Group on both the importance of investments in children, but also the indigenous religious assets in many countries meeting these needs. As an example in Uganda, VIVA found 98 national church-based networks, over 300 local organizations, and nearly 600 projects undertaken by Christian organizations. Their activities were most significant in health, education and nutrition. Despite the scope of these activities, he noted very limited dialogue with government and mainstream development donors.
October 2, 2008: DDVE Seminar on Religious Diplomacy in Fragile States. Douglas Johnston, President of the International Center for Religion and Diplomacy (ICRD), spoke on the role of religious actors in resolving conflict and building peace in fragile states. He highlighted two factors making it difficult to engage with religious leaders in today’s geopolitical landscape: (i) a longstanding commitment to the rational-actor model of decision-making, which has effectively excluded religion from the policymaker’s calculus; and, (2) a proclivity for using the separation of church and state in the West as a reason for not investing in a better understanding of how religion informs the world views in other parts of the world. The discussion centered on ICRD’s work in fragile states, with focus on educating Madrasa leaders in Pakistan. Johnston characterized the ICRD’s approach as “faith-based diplomacy,” drawing on the role of religious leaders and institutions in building trust and overcoming differences.
September 24, 2008: World Conference of Religions for Peace Consultation at the United Nations in New York. At the invitation of WCRP, DDVE staff participated in the high level consultation with religious leaders on development issues in New York City in September. Convened by Religions for Peace, the largest global interfaith organization, the meeting focused on mobilizing resources for MDGs and was chaired by Salil Shetty, Director of the Millennium Campaign, and William Vendley, Secretary General of WCRP. Participants included the Catholic Archbishop of Abuja, the head of Mohammadiya (an Indonesian movement with some 40 million members), Andrew Steer from DfID, and several government ministers. Notable themes were the importance of gender and women, the links between peace and poverty, education, and children and youth.
September 17-28, 2008: World Conference of Religions for Peace Latin America Summit in Buenos Aires on Commitment to the MDGs. In September, DDVE staff participated in the annual World Conference of Religions for Peace Latin America summit in Buenos Aires. Focused on the MDGs, the meetings were chaired by Cardinal Julio Terrazas of Bolivia and attended by interreligious delegations from across the region. The meeting resulted in a declaration of renewed commitment by religious leadership to the MDGs focused on holding their governments accountable for public spending. Local religious leaders sought increased dialogue between their Interreligious Councils at the country-level and national governments. Since June 2008, the World Bank has undertaken a policy dialogue with country-level Interreligious Councils on issues of Children and Youth, Migration and Remittances, and Education.
September 15-16, 2008: United Nations Population Fund Summit with Faith-Based Organizations in Latin America on HIV/AIDS, Migration, and Maternal Health. As part of a global series of meetings to launch an Interreligious Network on Population and Development, UNFPA convened a meeting of Latin American faith-based leaders and development practitioners in Buenos Aires in September 2008. Sessions focused on maternal health, migration, HIV and AIDS, and gender-based violence. Presentations by UNFPA and other development partners, including the World Bank, drew attention to religious leaders as both a positive resource and a source of stigma on these difficult issues. Faith-based participants presented a range of case-studies on their work at local levels, including church-led campaigns against gender-based violence and a country-level partnership in Honduras on HIV/AIDS between religious communities and UN agencies.
September 3 and September 15, 2008: American University and Urban Institute Seminars on the Food and Oil Price Crisis in Africa. Presentations were made by DDVE staff at American University (on September 3, 2008) and at the Urban Institute (on September 15, 2008) on on-going work on the Africa food and oil price crisis. Preliminary findings on the impact of the crisis and the policy responses of governments were discussed. More information on this project can be found at Africa Economic Crisis.
September 8, 2008: DDVE Seminar on Flying under the Radar: Pentecostalism in South Africa and its potential social and economic role, with the Center for Enterprise and Development. Peter Berger from Boston University, Anne Bernstein from the Center for Development and Enterprise South Africa, and James Davison Hunter from the University of Virginia discussed the rise of Pentecostalism in South Africa. Estimates suggest that by 2010, one in five South Africans will be Pentescostal. This has implications not only for local service delivery through church-based programs (among others for the poor), but also for national economic development, so that a more organized way to include Pentecostal leaders in at least some areas of the national policy dialogue would be warranted.
August 28-29, 2008: Workshop in Accra, Ghana with the World Council of Churches, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. This meeting followed a series of previous high level dialogues between the leadership of the three institutions, notably in Geneva in 2004. About 25 church leaders from Ghana and Anglophone Africa participated in the workshop together with teams from the World Bank and IMF. The discussions addressed governance; relationships among faith institutions, governments, and the IFIs; trade policies, especially affecting smallholder agriculture; the MDGs; and lessons to guide future dialogues with faith leaders and organizations. Participants to the workshop attested to its usefulness and called for the dialogue on these themes to be pursued in the future.
August 27, 2008: Accra Meeting with Interfaith Waste Management Initiative. Along with World Bank country-staff in Ghana, DDVE led a dialogue with an interfaith coalition of religious leaders on waste management, themed “Cleanliness is Next to Godliness.” Attended by participants from leading Christian and Muslim coalitions, World Bank Country Director Ishac Diwan, Ghanaian Minister of Culture and Chieftancy, and others, the dialogue centered on an initiative to mobilize the resources in religious communities to collect and manage waste. Advocacy has been the focus of IFAWAMI’s work to date, but there are ideas to mobilize constituencies to undertake national waste collection efforts. Participants noted the necessity for these dialogues to include high level representation of the Ghanaian government moving forward, to make this joint work sustainable and effective.
August 16-17, 2008: Fifth Pillar Summit in Chennai on Governance, Anti-Corruption, and Religious Leaders. DDVE staff delivered the keynote address at the All India Anti-Corruption Conference in Chennai, India. The event was sponsored by the 5th Pillar, an emerging organization, based in Chennai with networks across India to mobilize citizens to fight corruption. The focus of the keynote was to motivate religious leaders to take more vocal roles in anti-corruption campaigns. The keynote followed a speech by Swami Agnivesh, a prominent Hindu leaders, who has long been active in World Bank development dialogues with religious communities. The All India Anti-Corruption Conference was the largest 5th Pillar event to date and brought together an impressive array of grassroots activists, political and judicial leaders, religious leaders, and high profile media and film celebrities to help to catalyze an anti-corruption movement in India. The event was attended by some 500 people, citizens of Chennai and anti-corruption activists from all over the country.
July 9, 2008: UN Interagency Meeting on Faith-Based Engagement. In July 2008, UNFPA convened a UN interagency meeting on development work with faith-based leaders, organizations, and communities. A range of staff participated, representing UNDP, UN Habitat, UNICEF, UNDESA, UNESCO, WHO, UNFPA, UNAIDS and the World Bank’s DDVE. The meeting highlighted the ongoing work of various UN Agencies to develop partnerships with faith-based groups at global, local, and sectoral levels, and across their different mandates. Instances varied from UN Habitat’s work with shelter providers in Kenya to the Interfaith Network on Population and Development to be launched in Istanbul in October 2008 by UNFPA. By and large, partnerships with the range of faith-based actors on the ground, was viewed as an underexplored and untapped resource. The global dialogues convened by the World Bank’s DDVE, especially in 2002 and 2005, were seen as a key factor in building momentum for this process in the UN.
June 19, 2008: Christian-Muslim Dialogue on Climate Change, World Bank, Washington, D.C. Delegations from the Kingdom of Morocco and the National Association of Evangelicals (NAE) met at the World Bank for a day session on “Creation Care” or religiously inspired care for the environment. The Bank was invited to host the event to offer technical expertise on climate change, and also because of its long-standing commitment to development-faith partnerships. The event was unusual in part because of the effort to promote Christian-Muslim interfaith dialogue. The NAE delegation was led by President Leith Anderson and Vice President for Governmental Affairs Richard Cizik. The Moroccan delegation, led by Ambassador Aziz Mekouar, included prominent Moroccan academics and government figures. Katherine Marshall and Michael Kirtley moderated the dialogue. Commitments were made to broaden the dialogue on climate change to a wider set of faith and interfaith communities in the US and the Arab world.
June 3, 2008: Seminar sponsored by the World Bank’s Poverty Reduction Group and the Africa Region on Soaring Food Prices: Poverty Impact and Incidence of Various Policy Responses. Preliminary findings from the study on the food and oil price crisis in Africa managed by DDVE and the Africa Chief Economist office were presented to World Bank staff. According to a recent World Bank survey more than half the countries affected by rising food prices have reduced taxes or tariffs on foodgrains in an attempt to address this problem. Other measures include expanding school feeding programs and implementing labor intensive public works. The seminar discussed the likely impact on poverty of rising food prices as well as the effectiveness of various policy responses. This was done by first describing the main concepts/tools behind fiscal incidence analysis in both partial and general equilibrium settings and then presenting the results of recent empirical work in more than a dozen West and Central African countries. The empirical results show that the poverty impact and incidence of various measures varies across neighboring countries, as does the efficacy of various policy responses.
May 14, 2008: DDVE Seminar on Secularization and Desecularization: A Tale of Two Revolutions. Timothy Shah from the Council on Foreign Relations speculated on the origins and implications of the “return” or “revival” of religious adherents in the developing world. He argued that a long revolutionary process of political secularization unfolded throughout the world over the course of more than three hundred years (1648 – 1968), but then contended that this process has now slowed and even reversed in many parts of the world through a second revolutionary process: the “desecularization” of global politics. He speculated that these global shifts have consequences for development practitioners, highlighting the scope and significance of religious communities in the lives of the poor. He cited data from the World Values Survey suggesting that in developing countries, religious organizations are often the most trusted local institutions. Shah also touched on the complementary and residual roles that faith communities play to the public sector in providing social services to the poor.
April 22, 2008: Dialogue with the National Religious Coalition on Climate Change in Washington, D.C. A delegation from the National Religious Coalition on Climate Change joined World Bank staff from DDVE, the Environment team, and External Affairs for a consultation on climate issues. The meeting was part of efforts to mobilize faith-based constituencies around issues of climate change as advocates in public policy and in their direct roles in mitigation/adaptation. About 20 people participated, including representatives of the Catholic Coalition on Climate Change; the National Coalition for Creation Care; the Central Conference of American Rabbis; the World Council of Churches, and various Southern Baptist, Methodist, and Episcopal denominational leaders. Ian Noble from the World Bank presented the Bank’s Strategic Framework on Climate Change. The discussion then focused on the ethical and moral commitment to mobilize support to respond to the consequences of climate change in the developing world. Delegates expressed concern that ethical issues may be deemphasized by economic language on carbon trading which does not convey the need for reduced consumption. Many in the group also noted the roles of their faith-inspired organizations in grassroots advocacy campaigns.
April 13-14, 2008: Launch of Women, Faith and Development Alliance at the Washington National Cathedral. In April 2008, a coalition of women’s, religious, and development organizations joined to launch a coalition to advocate for increased investments in women and girls. Hosted at the Washington National Cathedral, the event was sponsored by the World Conference of Religions for Peace, InterAction, Women Thrive, and the National Cathedral. Former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright delivered a keynote address, and Mary Robinson, former Prime Minister of Ireland, and Kim Campbell, former Prime Minister of Canada, co-moderated. Along with the distinguished speakers, Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Liberian President Ellen Johnson Surlief delivered remarks by video. The meeting fell in two distinct parts. The first was a daylong public event at the National Cathedral where several organizations announced commitments to women in developing countries. The second event on the following day was open to key partners: Joy Phumaphi, World Bank Vice President, and DDVE staff participated. Many participants viewed the unique convening of religious leaders, women’s activities, and development practitioners as a strong voice for joint advocacy, but also for dialogue on difficult and contested issues like maternal health. DDVE has committed to provide follow up to the meeting, and is supporting a working group as the action plan takes shape.
April 10, 2008: DDVE Seminar on Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals. Luis Lugo, President of the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, presented findings from a recent cross-country survey of Pentecostalism. Data show that Pentecostalism and related charismatic movements represent one of the fastest growing segments of Christianity. According to the World Christian Database, at least a quarter of the world’s 2 billion Christians are thought to be members of these faiths which emphasize speaking in tongues, divine healing, and prophesizing. Even more than other Christians, Pentecostals believe that religion should play a direct and active role in everyday life. Lugo drew attention to what this growth in adherents may imply in areas from household decision making in education to gender relations. Survey findings suggest different outlooks of Pentecostal households to financial saving, alcohol abuse, and drug use, in comparison to other segments of the population.
March 12, 2008: IMF and World Bank Dialogue with the Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance on Trade Policy in Washington, D.C. Teams from the World Bank and the IMF met with a delegation of Ecumenical Advocacy Alliance (EAA) to discuss a set of recent case studies on trade policies toward rice. EAA is a Geneva-based network composed of Protestant Christian member denominations, and is closely aligned with the World Council of Churches. Dialogue centered on three country cases, Indonesia, Honduras, and Ghana, and drew attention to the perceived impacts of trade liberalization on small holder farmers. The meeting was characterized by a persisting concern that government policies that lowered tariffs and reduced subsidies exposed vulnerable farmers to negative effects of the global economy. Participants from the World Bank and IMF highlighted that a majority of the poor in these countries were net consumers rather than net producers of rice who benefited from lower market prices.
January 9-10, 2008: Meeting of Catholic Bishops Conference of India on HIV/AIDS at Georgetown University. In January 2008, Georgetown University convened a meeting of the Catholic Bishops Conference of India on HIV/AIDS. Chaired by Ambassador Mark Dybul, and attended by high level Cardinals and Bishops, Georgetown President John DeGioia, and representatives of development organizations (World Bank, UNAIDS) and foundations (Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation), the meeting examined the role of the Catholic Church in India on prevention/treatment for HIV and AIDS. In their initial presentations, the Indian delegation estimated that the Catholic Church provides 38% of primary health services and 22% of education in India, despite comprising between 2-3% of the population. Following on the initial presentation, participants divided into working groups to dialogue on key issues from governance systems to advocacy strategies. Georgetown University is providing follow up to the event in coordination with partners.