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Development Dialogues News, Issue # 8, August 2009

No. 8, August 2009  
 

Development Dialogue News is the newsletter of the Development Dialogue on Values and Ethics, a small unit at the World Bank conducting evidence-based analytical, operational and capacity development work on issues related to faith, ethics and development.  To access publications or information on our work please visit the DDVE website. If you would like to contact us, please send an email to Quentin Wodon at qwodon@worldbank.org.

The World Bank’s fiscal year covers the period July-June. In this newsletter, in the section on operational and capacity development work, we outline some of the key areas where DDVE has received additional funding and will thus conduct work in the fiscal year that just started.

  

World Development Report on Climate Change

Climate change is expected to hit developing countries the hardest. Its effects—higher temperatures, changesWDR2010 in precipitation patterns, rising sea levels, and more frequent weather-related disasters—pose risks for agriculture, food, and water supplies. At stake are recent gains in the fight against poverty, hunger and disease, and the lives and livelihoods of billions of people in developing countries. This year’s World Development Report (WDR) focuses on climate change and has just been released. A link to the WDR and other resources that can be of use to faith networks and FBOs active in the area of climate change are available on our website here.

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Outsourcing Social Services to CSOs

In a paper recently prepared for the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China under the guidance of task manager Li Li in the World Bank Bejing office, co-authors Irish, Salamon and Simon provide an overview of international experience with the use of direct and indirect, consumer and producer side instruments for engaging civil society organizations (CSOs) in the delivery of government-financed social and human services. The paper first offers an overview of the scale of the CSO sector globally and of the extent and patterns of government support for it. The authors then examine the experience of selected (mostly high income) countries with government-nonprofit cooperation with respect to outsourcing social services. Finally, the paper offers suggestions for the Government of China as it seeks to fashion a workable relationship with the emerging Chinese CSO sector. Many of the findings of the paper are relevant for FBOs in other countries. The paper is available as DDVE working paper 2009-13 here.

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Urban Infrastructure in the Republic of Congo 

In December 2008, DDVE implemented together with the National Statistical Institute and UERPOD a baseline survey in Brazzaville and Pointe Noire for an urban infrastructure and water project Child waterfunded by both the Government and the World Bank.  Key results from the analysis of the survey were shared with the government project team during a 10 day mission in August, to discuss among others the targeting performance of the project to reach the poor, and the use of the survey data as a baseline to measure the future impact of the project.  A set of papers to share with a wider audience the methodologies used for the analysis (including the comparison of monetary and infrastructure needs indicators) and the findings (including in terms of priority interventions identified by households) are under preparation.

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Climate Change

DDVE has received funding from the Trust Fund for ClimateChangeEnvironmentally and Socially Sustainable Development to conduct analytical and capacity building work on food prices, food security and climate change. The unit is also collaborating with the Middle East and North Africa Region in the World Bank on a study on climate change and migration in that region. Through these two activities, DDVE will actively contribute to the follow up on the newly released World Bank’s World Development Report on Climate Change.

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World Values Survey

DDVE has also received funding from the World Bank’s Japanese consultant trust fund for analysis and capacity building related to the World Values Survey, an opinion survey on values implemented in about 70 countries every 4 to 5 years. The main objective is to look at the interaction between faith and religiosity and individual behavior and perceptions, in areas ranging from education and employment to political involvement and priorities.

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Social Protection in West Africa 

A third area where DDVE has received funding beyond its core budget is that of social protection for the poor in a subset of West African countries. The objective will be to assess the targeting performance of a wide range of governmental and other programs, including those run by faith-based organizations. With funding from the World Bank’s Gender Action Plan, the work will also include an assessment of the contribution to gender equality of cash-for-work programs.

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Dialogue with CS and FG

UNFPA FBO Policy Roundtable

DDDVE participated in the UNFPA FBO Policy Roundtable that took place in August in New York and presented the main conclusions from the Accra faith and development leaders meeting as well as the unit’s priorities for the next two years. The UNFPA meeting underscored the need to reinforce global interfaith mechanisms of consultation and cooperation. UNFPA as well as UNAIDS have been working on guidelines for engagement between UN agencies and FBOs, especially around capacity building, advocacy and knowledge (including data). Thematic areas of focus for the next 3 to 5 years will include maternal health and violence against women, and discussions are underway on how to formalize an interagency mechanism to collaborate with FBOs around the MDGs. Material from UNFPA in these areas is available at http://www.unfpa.org/culture/.

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Accra Meeting - Additional Material 

Full texts of the introductory remarks made by Archbishop Aboagye-Mensah, World Bank Managing Director Graeme Wheeler, and Lord George Carey at the opening Accra Meetingsession of the July 2009 Accra faith and development leaders, and by Katherine Marshall and Quentin Wodon at the closing session have now been made available on DDVE’s website (the website also includes videos, a summary of the meeting, and a participant list). To access this material, click here.

 
New Publications 
World Development Report on Climate Change
Outsourcing Social Services to CSOs

Operational and Capacity Development Work

Urban Infrastructure in the Republic of Congo
1Climate Change
2World Values Survey
3Social Protection in West Africa

Dialogue with Civil Society and Faith Groups

4

UNFPA FBO Policy Roundtable

5Accra meeting - Additional material


For more information on the events listed below, click here

August 17-27, 2009: Technical assistance mission on targeting and baseline data collection for the Republic of Congo's Water and Urban Infrastructure Project

August 4, 2009: Meeting with a delegation from Morocco participating in the US State Department's International Visitors Program and with the Islamic Tijanya Foundation of America

August 3, 2009: Presentation at UNFPA Faith-Based Organizations Policy Roundtable in New York

July 15-16, 2009: Consultation by the World Bank's HIV-AIDS unit on community-based interventions related to HIV-AIDS in London with support from the UK Consortium on AIDS and participation from leading NGOs and faith-based organization

July 13, 2009: Presentation of SimSIP SAM, a tool for macro-micro simulations using social accounting matrices, at the 17th International Input-Output conference (IO2009) hosted by the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

July 5-7, 2009: Presentation by the World Bank Africa Water Resources Group at the Water in Faith Forum organized in Salisbury, UK, by the Alliance of Religions and Conservation with the Dutch Ecological Management Foundation and the International Water and Sanitation Center

July 3, 2009: Organization of technical workshop on faith-based service delivery in health in Accra, Ghana, with the Christian Health Association of Ghana

July 1-2-, 2009: Organization with the World Faiths Development Dialogue of a Faith and Development Leaders Meeting in Accra, Ghana

June 29, 2009: Organization of technical workshop in Accra, Ghana, on improving targeting and pro-poor spending, jointly with UNICEF and the Ministry of Employment and Social Welfare

June 15-18, 2009: Organization of two sessions at the World Bank Cairo Global South-South Learning Forum on social protection responses to address the finance, food, and fuel crisis

June 11, 2009: Presentation at World Bank training event on monitoring the social impact of crises

May 23, 2009: Participation in 23rd Annual Conference of Christian Connections for International Health in Buckeystown, Maryland

May 18, 2009: Presentation by Ghana country office to the Economic Council of the President of Ghana on energy prices and the poor based on DDVE analysis

April 27, 2009: Half-day workshop on poverty, social and human development analysis in conflict-affected countries with the social development department

April 24, 2009: Two seminars on people with disabilities and on indigenous peoples as part of the Civil Society Policy Forum at the World Bank-IMF Spring Meetings

April 23, 2009: Four seminars on the Africa economic crisis, climate change, malnutrition, and the outcome of the G20 summit as part of the Civil Society Policy Forum at the World Bank-IMG Spring Meetings

April 4, 2009: Presentation at ASREC 2009 in Crystal City (Annual Meeting of the Association of the Study of Religion, Economics and Culture)

March 30, 2009: DDVE monthly seminar in Washington, DC on “Climate Change and Faith Communities” with Bishop James of Liverpool, Marianne Fay and Joy Phumaphi

March 22-23, 2009: Presentation on the global economic crisis and the role of zakat as an informal safety net at the 2nd World Congress on Muslim Philanthropy in Abu Dhabi

March 19, 2009: Seminar on service delivery by faith-based organizations at Birmingham University’s Religions and Development Research Programme in the School of Government and Society

March 18, 2009: Presentation at workshop organized in Cambridge, UK, by the European University Institute on the food crisis and development potential of the agricultural sector in fragile countries in preparation of the European Report on Development

March 11, 2009: Presentation on the economic crisis in Africa at the Lecture series on Inequality and Poverty in the Global Economy at George Washington University in Washington, DC

March 10, 2009: Organization of panel on religion and infrastructure as factors affecting time use at American University’s workshop on gender, time use and unpaid work in Washington, DC

March 9, 2009: Presentation of DDVE paper on the measurement of time poverty at American University’s workshop on gender, time use and unpaid work in Washington, DC

   

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