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Development Dialogue News, Issue # 14, July-August 2010

No.14, July-August 2010  
 

Development Dialogue News is the newsletter of the Development Dialogue on Values and Ethics, a small unit at the World Bank conducting evidence-based analytical, operational and capacity development work on issues related to faith, ethics and development. Previous issues of the newsletter can be accessed here. Other publications and information on our work are available at the DDVE website. If you would like to contact us, please send an email to Quentin Wodon at qwodon@worldbank.org

  

Faith-based Schools in Colombia 

This paper assesses the performance of Fe y Alegría (Jesuit) secondary schools in Colombia using test scores for Spanish and mathematics, as well as detailed information on the characteristics of the household to which students belong. Simplestatistics suggest that Fe y Alegría schools perform worse than other schools for all years in the sample. However, Fe y Alegría schools also cater to poorer students who come from disadvantaged backgrounds. Once controls are included for student background, Fe y Alegría schools actually often perform as well and in some cases better than other schools for mathematics and Spanish, thus partially reversing the previous finding. See DDVE working paper 2010-6.

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Economic Freedom, Human Rights, and the Returns to Human Capital

This paper by King, Montenegro and Ozarem tests the hypothesis that the returns to skills are highest in countries that allow individuals to respond to shocks. Using estimated returns to schooling and work experience from 122 household surveys in 86 developing countries, the paper demonstrates a strong positive correlation between the returns to human capital and economic freedom, an effect that is observed throughout the wage distribution. Economic freedom benefits those workers who have attained the most schooling as well as those who have accumulated the most work experience. See DDVE working paper 2010-7.

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Gender Disparities in African Labor Markets

DDVE staff published five chapters in an edited volume on gender disparities in Africa’s labor markets. Two papers use social accounting matrices to assess to what extent differentiated patterns of economic growth may increase the share of a country’s labor income that accrues to women. The third paper is about gender differences in domestic time work. The last two papers are about how female labor income earnings affect intra-household allocations and decision making. This is part of a broader work program on how economic conditions as well as values affect labor outcomes by gender. The papers are available as DDVE working papers 2010-8 through 2010-12.

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Launch of Work Program on Child Marriage in Africa

DDVE has received funding from the Trust Fund for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development to launch work on child marriage among vulnerable girls in Africa. Child marriage is a widespread – close to 80 percent of girls get married before the age of 18 in Niger, and the proportion is about half in countries such as Mali and Burkina Faso. Beyond the measurement of child marriage, the team will use analysis techniques to better measure the impact of child marriage on education and health outcomes, and also conduct qualitative work in close partnership with community and faith leaders in order to foster dialogue and capacity building.

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Survey on Zakat and Informal Safety Nets in Yemen

Together with staff from the Middle East and North Africa region at the World Bank, DDVE implemented a pilot survey of informal safety nets in Sana’a, the capital of Yemen. The survey includes detailed modules on zakat (alms giving in Muslim societies) as well as waqf (inalienable religious endowment, typically for religious or charitable purposes). The analysis of the survey will feed into a regional study entitled “Solidarity and Productivity in a Changing World: How Well Can the Social Safety Nets of the Middles East and North Africa Region Adapt?” Based on successful implementation of the Yemen pilot, the region has decided to replicate the survey instrument in several other countries.

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Progress Achieved under Senegal's Second PRSP

As part of technical assistance to the government of Senegal for the preparation of the country's third PRSP, DDVE organized in collaboration with the Senegal National Statistical Office and the unit at the Ministry of Finance in charge of the PRSP a two-day workshop to assess progress towards improving development outcomes under the second PRSP from 2006 to 2010. The workshop focused in large part on trends in poverty and other MDG indicators, as well as on access to basic social infrastructure in rural areas, but it also included a discussion of service providers in education, with a comparison of public, private, confessional, and Franco-Arab schools.
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Dialogue with CS and FG

DFID Program on Religions and Development 

DDVE staff participated in the Religions and Development (RaD) Conference organized on 21-23 July 2010 in Birmingham. This conference was an important milestone to present results from a 5-year DFID-funded RaD Program led by the University of Birmingham together with researchers from India, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Tanzania. DDVE staff presented the unit’s work program in a plenary session, as well as results from an evaluation of faith-based schools in Colombia in a parallel session. Information on the conference is available here.
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CIFA Global Initiative on Faith, Health and Development 

DDVE staff participated in the meeting of the CIFA (Center for Interfaith Action on Global Poverty) Task Force to Advance Multi-religious Collaboration on Faith, Health and Development held at the White House on July 26, 2010. This is part of a larger campaign by CIFA to help better recognize the role of faith-based providers in health, with several follow up meetings planned in coming months. Information on the campaign is available on CIFA’s website.
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Presentation at Islamic Relief USA 

DDVE presented its work program at Islamic Relief USA in order to discuss potential areas of collaborations. Some of the areas of focus of DDVE’s work program for the coming year in majority Muslim countries include the role of faith-based organizations in education and health service delivery, the role of zakat and waqf in social protection, and the interaction between Islamic law and family law reform.

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New Publications  
Faith-based Schools in Colombia
Economic Freedom, Human Rights, and the Returns to Human Capital
Gender Disparities in African Labor Markets

Operational and Capacity Development Work

1Launch of Work Program on Child Marriage in Africa
2Survey on Zakat and Informal Safety Nets in Yemen
3Progress Achieved under Senegal’s Second PRSP
Dialogue and Outreach
4DFID Program on Religions and Development
5CIFA Global Initiative on Faith, Health and Development
Presentation at Islamic Relief USA


 

For more information on the events listed below, click here

August 5, 2010: Seminar presentation at Islamic Relief USA, Alexandria, Virginia.

July 26, 2010: Participation in the meeting of the CIFA Task Force to Advance Multi-religious Collaboration on Faith, Health and Development at the White House

July 21-22, 2010: Presentations at the DFID-funded University of Birmingham’s Religions and Development Programme Conference

June 30-July 1, 2010: Organization of workshop in Dakar with the National Statistical Office (ANSD) on the evaluation of Senegal’s progress towards poverty reduction and human development

June 29, 2010: Presentation at the European Report on Development conference in Dakar on promoting resilience through social protection in sub-Saharan Africa

June 20-25, 2010: Training course on social accounting matrices at the 18th International Input-Output Association meeting in Sydney

June 18, 2010: Discussion at the European Report on Development conference at University Paris-1 Panthéon-Sorbonne on experiences from social protection programs across the developing world

June 15-16, 2010: Presentations at the workshop on Climate induced migration in the Middle East and North Africa at the Center for Mediterranean Integration in Marseille

June 10, 2010: Discussion at the Gender and Conflict Research Workshop organized by the World Bank Gender Group in Washington, DC

May 24-June 5, 2010: Mission on poverty mapping analysis to Washington, DC, by staff from Burkina Faso’s National Statistical Office (Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie)

May 23-June 5, 2010: Mission on poverty and benefit incidence analysis to Washington, DC, by staff from Swaziland’s Central Statistical Office and Ministry of Economic Planning and Development in collaboration with UNDP

May 19, 2010: Presentation of the work of DDVE on values, ethics and development at the Canadian International Development Agency

May 18, 2010: Seminar on the evaluation of the performance of Fe y Alegría schools at the Department of Economics of the University of Ottawa

May 14, 2010: Presentation of paper on the evaluation of the performance of Fe y Alegría schools at the 50th Annual Congress of the Société canadienne de science économique in Quebec City

April 28, 2010: Managing Director Juan Jose Daboub at the Pope John Paul II Cultural Center in Washington, DC for a conversation on Pope Benedict XVI's Caritas in Veritate with Bishop Dewane of Venice, Florida, and Archbishop Sambi, Apostolic Nuncio of the Holy See to the United States

April 19, 2010: Mission to Bogota, Colombia, for planning an assessment of the Pastoral de la Primera Infancia program in partnership with the Panamerican Health Organization

April 15-18, 2010: Mission to Bogota, Colombia, for planning a collaboration on the analysis of performance in the education sector with the City Secretary of Planning, Fe y Alegría, and ICFES

March 11-12, 2010: Presentation of DDVE’s work at the conference on religions and public authorities in Europe at the Catholic University of Louvain

March 9, 2010: Presentation of DDVE’s work at the Ecumenical Council in Panama

March 9, 2010: Participation at the meeting of UN Focal Points for Initiatives with FBOs in Latin America co-organized by UNFPA and the World Council of Religions for Peace

February 25, 2010: Joint seminar with Education Thematic Group on performance assessment of Fe y Alegria secondary schools in Colombia

December 18, 2009: Seminar at the University of Ottawa on Islamic law and family law reforms

December 15, 2009: Presentation of DDVE's strategy note at the World Bank's Education and Social Protection & Labor sector boards.

December 5-7, 2009: Presentation at the Third Meeting of the Interreligious Network of Central America in El Salvador (III Encuentro de la Red Interreligiosa Mesoamericana - Religiones por la Paz)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

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