In collaboration with DIME, the LAC region has provided technical assistance for the development of rigorous impact evaluations and supported country-specific evaluations of public programs.
The body of knowledge generated by these evaluations contributes to developing tools for the design, improvement, and correction of preexisting policies. It further strengthens the Bank's engagement with governments and local academic institutions and fosters the creation of a community of practice to facilitate knowledge transfers within and across regions.
The region is supporting the impact evaluation of programs in a number of countries and in several areas.
In collaboration with and thanks to the support of Aadapt (the Agricultural Adaptations initiative), the region has strengthened its portfolio of impact evaluations of interventions aiming to
- increase small farmers' competitiveness and access to markets, while enhancing agricultural sustainability;
- manage natural resources and provide environmental services, in order to identify effective opportunities to reduce the environmental footprint of agriculture linked to farmers' land and water use, as well as their provision of environmental services.
- address the challenges associated to urbanization in the context of high poverty, informal housing, and environmental degradation. Ongoing impact evaluations examine the effectiveness of urban and social development programs such as urban upgrading, job training, crime & violence prevention programs, and optimal delivery of basic services.
Under the bank-wide HDN umbrella, and thanks to the generous support of the Spanish Trust Fund for Impact Evaluation (SIEF), the region has been developing a series of impact evaluation efforts aimed at informing policies relating to
- strengthening accountability as a means of improving the quality of education. The efforts are aimed at understanding the role and effectiveness of the most common types of accountability-promoting reforms: school-based management; information provision to empower school stakeholders; and teacher contracting and incentive reforms;
- alternative modalities of provision of early childhood development services with the goal of understanding the most effective service delivery; their impact on the cognitive and physical development of children in the short and long runs; and the potential externality that these services exert on female labor force participation.
The region's impact evaluation efforts are perpetually directed towards exploring the effectiveness of conditional cash transfer programs as tools not only to address poverty alleviation and human capital investment, but also to promote income generating potential, the diversification of risk among vulnerable households, and gender equity. Attention is also devoted to understanding the role of alternative CCT designs in program efficacy and outcomes.
Finally, the joint effort with DIME and DECRG Finance and Private Sector Development has pioneered impact evaluation initiatives aimed at understanding the impact of financial literacy and financial market participation on households' savings and risk management strategies
Barbara Bruns, Lead Education Economist LCSHE
Laura Chioda, Research Economist, LCRCE
David Evans, Economist, LCSHE
Aparajita Goyal, Economist, LCSCE
Abdoulaye SY, Economist, LCSSD