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Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Other Diseases


 Goal 6
  • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • Achieve by 2010 universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
  • Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases


Prevalence of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Percent of population ages 15-49, 1990, 2001, 2007
Africa and HIV
Click to enlarge image: GIF (47 KB) | PDF (696 KB)


Progress in halting the spread of major communicable diseases has been mixed. An estimated 33.4 million people were living with HIV/AIDS in 2008; there were 2.7 million new infections and about 2 million AIDS-related deaths. The rapidly rising trends of HIV spread and related deaths that were recorded in the 1990s have since been halted in the 2000s, showing some signs of decline in recent years. However, further actions are still necessary to achieve significant reversals.

Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region most heavily affected by HIV worldwide, accounting for over two thirds (67%) of all people living with HIV and for nearly three quarters (72%) of AIDS-related deaths in 2008. HIV prevalence has declined in recent years in Sub-Saharan Africa, but has risen in other regions, if from much lower levels.


Antiretroviral treatment now reaches almost a third of people living with HIV/AIDS in developing countries. But few countries will meet the target of universal access to treatment anytime soon.

Figure 1.13 access to antiretrviral
Click to enlarge image: GIF (20 KB) | PDF (110 KB)


The prevalence of tuberculosis, which killed 1.8 million people in 2006, has been declining in all regions except Sub-Saharan Africa. Mortality from malaria remains high—at about 1 million annually, 80 percent of deaths are among children in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Tuberculosis rate:
Incidence of tuberculosis per 100,000 people (2007)
Click to enlarge image: GIF (62 KB) | PDF (2.3 MB)


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