Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)
Lower middle income
GDP (current US$)
The LSMS-ISA project is supporting the redesign and implementation of the General Household Survey (GHS), by expanding it with the introduction of a panel component that focuses on agriculture and household welfare. The objective of the program is (i) to improve the production of household-level agriculture statistics linked with non-agriculture dimensions of household welfare and behavior and (ii) to foster the dissemination and use of these data. The GHS is an annual survey carried out in February-March throughout the country on a sample of 22,000 households to produce state level estimates. The panel component is implemented every two years. The project also ensures comparability with other surveys being carried out under the LSMS-ISA project in in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The GHS-Panel is implemented by the Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). The LSMS team is responsible for the management and technical design of the project, as well as for the provision of technical assistance and the support of analytical work resulting from the collected data.
Sampling and Survey Design
The GHS-Panel sample consists of 5,000 households who are a subsample of the GHS core survey of 22,000 households. The Panel households are visited twice per wave of the Panel – post-planting period and post-harvest period. In the years of the panel, the post-harvest visit is implemented jointly with the core GHS sample of 22,000 households (5,000 Panel and 17,000 non-panel households). The sample is representative at the national level and provides reliable estimates of key socio-economic variables for the six zones in the country.
The GHS-Panel Year 1 post-planting instruments include the following:
The GHS-Panel Year 1 post-harvest instruments include the following:
The GHS-Panel Year 2 post-planting instruments include the following:
The GHS-Panel Year 2 post-harvest instruments include the following:
Field Work Implementation
The GHS Panel households are interviewed twice a year for each wave. The visits coincide with post-harvest and post-planting periods to reduce recall of agriculture activities. The field work is implemented by mobile teams in each state and concurrent data entry developed in CSPro for the first visit. Computer assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) is being adopted for the second visit.
For the agriculture households, areas of cultivated agricultural plots are measured using GPS technology except for instances where the farms require extensive travel to visit.
Data Documentation and Dissemination
All data generated are made publicly available (fully cleaned and with complete documentation) within twelve months of completion of each wave of data collection. The GHS-Panel data are disseminated via the LSMS and NBS websites.
The data from the 2010-2011 and 2012-2013 GHS-Panel Surveys are now available for downloading free of charge.