Click here for search results

Site Tools

Land Governance Assessment Framework

Development practitioners of all persuasion recognize that a well-functioning land sector can boost a country’s economic growth, foster social development, shield the rights of vulnerable groups and help with environmental protection. Improving practices requires an objective assessment of the land governance setting, and the identification of priority areas where improvements may be needed. The assessment should also highlight good practices and their transferability across countries.
Therefore, the Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF) is developed by the World Bank and its partners.

The LGAF provides a holistic diagnostic review at the country level that can inform policy dialogue in a clear and targeted manner. This quick and innovative tool to monitor land governance is built around five main areas for policy intervention: rights recognition and enforcement; land use planning, land management, and taxation; management of public land; public provision of land information; and dispute resolution and conflict management. The LGAF helps policymakers and other stakeholders to make sense of the technical levels of the land sector, benchmark governance, prioritize reforms in the land sector and identify areas that require further attention.

The LGAF process is guided by a framework of 21 land governance indicators in the 5 key areas listed above, each divided into 3-4 dimensions for which rankings are assigned by expert panels based on pre-coded answers (on a scale from A to D) that draw on global experience. Through a consensual and participatory assessment by local experts of this core set of indicators, the LGAF serves to map out key information on land governance and define actionable paths for policy interventions, all in a contextualized and country-driven manner. Implementation takes place in a number of discrete steps that are overseen by a local coordinator, a well-respected and impartial person with extensive knowledge of the sector.

Book Cover LGAF 2011The Land Governance Assessment Framework: Identifying and Monitoring Good Practice in the Land Sector
Klaus Deininger, Harris Selod and Tony Burns, November 2011

This book presents the LGAF tool and includes detailed case studies on its implementation in five selected countries: Peru, the Kyrgyz Republic, Ethiopia, Indonesia and Tanzania. Experience shows also that the use of a consistent framework facilitates transfer of good practice across countries.

Order | Download

UN Habitat logoUN-HABITAT 
FAO logoFAO 

Implementation manual
- English
- French 

LGAF summary
- English
- French 
LTG Land Day 2012 presentation
- English
- French 
Norwegian Government Trust Fund
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
French Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Colombia - forthcomingPeruBrazil - forthcoming: The LGAF started at the central level; a report is available for dissemination at a high level workshop in October. This will be followed by 4 sub-national level LGAFs in Rio, Para (Amazon), Parana (Agricultural expansion zone in the Cerrado), and possibly Piai.  A new module on land tenure regularization will be tested out in Para. The country coordinator  is Bastiaan Reydon.South AfricaMozambique - forthcomingMalawiTanzaniaBurundi - forthcomingRwanda - forthcoming: Panel discussions have been completed and the team is now working on the draft report which will be ready in October 2012. The country coordinator is Annie Kairaba.Uganda - forthcomingDemocratic Republic of the Congo - forthcoming: All panels have been completed and a draft report is now under review. Preliminary results of the LGAG assessment were at the 'Atelier National sur le Foncier' in July 2012 which was organised with the support of UN Habitat.  The LGAF has become part of the roadmap on the national policy dialogue on land reform.  The country coordinator is Augustin Mploy.MadagascarSouth Sudan - forthcomingEthiopiaBenin - forthcoming: Pilot LGAF completed in 2010; second round is being prepared. GhanaLiberia: Preparation for the LGAF is under discussion.Cameroon - forthcoming: Funding for the LGAF has been obtained from the French Government and the country coordinator produced the background report. The LGAF process will feed into a sector working group that is jointly operated by the Government of Cameroun and development partners, in close collaboration with the French Embassy and local chapter of the Agence Française de Développement. Country coordinator is Olivier Iyebi Mandjek.NigeriaBurkino Faso - forthcomingSenegal: The LGAF has started in September 2012 and is coordinated by IPAR in close consultation with farmer organizations. The LGAF is initiated by the World Bank's operational department in Dakar. The LGAF is coordinated by Cheick Oumar Ba, Oussouby Touré and Nadirou Sall.Mali - forthcoming: The LGAF started in 2011. The panel on large-scale land acquisition, with a focus on the Office du Niger was completed in January 2012. Mali was ready to start the other panel discussions. However, the process is stalled following the political unrest starting in March 2012. The country coordinator is Moussa Djiré.Gambia: Preperation for the LGAF is under discussion.Mauritania: The LGAF has started in September 2012 and is coordinated by IPAR in close consultation with farmer organizations. The LGAF is initiated by the World Bank's operational department in Dakar. The LGAF is coordinated by  Mamadou Baro. Myanmar: UN-Habitat is preparing for an LGAF.Vietnam - forthcomingPhilippines - forthcomingIndonesiaIndiaMoldova: In Moldova discussion for a possible LGAF will be held in October 2012. The LGAF is initiated by the World Bank's operational department.Ukraine - forthcoming:The LGAF in the Ukraine is supported by USAID. The country coordinator is Oleksander Muliar. With support from the Georgia country coordinator, David Egiashvili, the expert panels were prepared and completed. The one-day technical validation workshop took place on May 25 2012 to discuss findings with local experts. This was followed by a half-day policy workshop where results were discussed with a broader public.GeorgiaKyrgyz RepublicIraq - forthcoming: Supported by UN-Habitat, the LGAF illustrates the conceptual and operational challenges of land policy faced in a conflict environment. Most background reports are ready and in the process of being translated and 3 panels were held. The other panels are planned to take place in October 2012. The country coordinator is Dyfed Aubrey.
Country Activities - Completed LGAFs 
Move your mouse over the brighter colors in each Region, and if you see only a country name,
click on it for more information on LGAF work in that country

LGAF world map 

Last updated: 2012-10-02

Permanent URL for this page: