November 31 and December 1, 1998
Co-organized by the World Bank and
the Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF) of Japan
Abstracts of Papers Presented
Analysis of Spatial Organization and Transportation Demand in an Expanding Urban Area Using Centrographic Methods: Sendai 1972-1992
Dr. Naohiro Kitano discusses the evolution of land use and transportsystems in metropolitan areas, drawing on the experience of the city of Sendai in Japan over the past two and half decades. This case study points to the importance of urban planning in fast growing cities. Planning can reduce air pollution and traffic congestion as well as providing sanitation, sewerage and parks at lower costs, all of which can enhance a city’s competitiveness in the global system. In the case of Sendai the trend since 1972 has been toward a lower concentration of activities in the center of the city and a shift to the suburbs, resulting in a rapid increase in demand for transportation. Dr. Kitano compares the usage of different modes of transportation, especially everyday use of public transportation, and concludes that planners have to anticipate such trends and help create the conditions that would avert degradation in urban living conditions that can jeopardize a city’s economic prospects.