World Development Report 2006
During the preparation of the World Development Report 2006, the team sought comments and suggestions from a wide range of individuals and organizations at various events and through a variety of channels. The consultations held with organizations are summarized below.
Consultation materials for most events are also available. The report will be finalized in the summer of 2005 and published in September 2005.
June 14, 2004. Social Development Forum. Paris, France. The draft outline of the report was presented at a gathering of social development specialists from a number of donor agencies (participants from the UK (DFID), Canada (CIDA), Denmark (DANIDA), Slovakia, Germany, Sweden (SIDA), and others). Participants appreciated taking part in a consultation so early on, and were enthusiastic about the topic. Summary of the Consultation
June 21-22, 2004. Consultations with DfID. London, England. A team co-director participated in two days of discussions at DfID, in London. He was a discussant in a seminar where two previously commissioned papers on inequality and growth were presented, by Oliver Morrisey (Nottingham) and Also and Teal (DFID and Oxford) respectively. He also presented the WDR outline to a lunchtime audience.Summary of the Consultations
July 13, 2004. Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank. Washington, D.C. The World Bank's Board of Executive Directors discussed the Outline of the report. Outline
July 2004. Consultations with Japanese authorities. Tokyo, Japan. A team co-director held discussions with Japanese authorities on the outline of the report.
August 23-24, 2004. Consultations with Nordic countries. Stockholm, Sweden; Helsinki, Finland; Oslo, Norway. A team co-director presented the outline of the report and gathered comments from officials of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and development cooperation agencies. Summary of the Consultations
September 7-8, 2004. Development Policy Forum. Berlin, Germany. Jointly sponsored by the German Development Foundation (DSE) and the World Bank, this seventh annual WDR launch workshop included a detailed discussion of the outline with academics, practitioners, and policymakers from developing and high-income countries. Berlin Workshop Materials
October 1, 2004. Annual Meetings: Delegates Briefing. Washington, D.C. Team members briefed the delegates to the World Bank Annual Meetings on the report outline.
October 11-12, 2004. Human Rights and Development Conference. Oslo, Norway. This workshop was set up in response to a request from the World Bank President to the Nordics to help the Bank better deal with the human rights approach. Within this broader context, a half day was devoted to discussing the WDR 2006 outline and how the report can better incorporate a HR perspective. Participants included academics from Norway and the US, staff from the Norwegian Center for Human Rights and the Norwegian Ministry for Foreign Affairs, and World Bank staff. Summary of the Discussion
October 12-Nov. 19, 2004. Online discussion. An online discussion of the report's outline, available in French, English, and Spanish, was held over six weeks. The discussion was hosted by DevForum, a part of the Global Development Learning Network. The discussion was divided into three parts, corresponding to the parts of the outline: How Unequal is the World; Does Inequality Matter; and Institutions and Policies for Greater Equity and Lower Poverty. Online Discussion Materials
November 10, 2004. External Gender Consultative Group. Washington, D.C. The team discussed initial ideas for the WDR 2006 with the External Gender Consultative Group. While many indicated that they would like to see us go further in our treatment of gender as a cross-cutting issue, most also said they felt we were moving in the right direction. Summary of the Consultation
November 15, 2004. Seminar on Promoting Equity in Development. Washington, D.C. The seminar was organized jointly by the World Bank's Social Development Department, the WDR 2006 team, and the U.K. Department for International Development to discuss several background papers prepared for the WDR 2006 with DfID and WB funding. Seminar Materials
November 19-20, 2004. MacArthur Foundation Network On Inequality and Economic Performance Meeting. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Team members attended an outreach meeting of the McArthur Foundation Network on Inequality and Economic Performance, held jointly with Instituto Futuro Brasil, which included a two-hour session on the WDR 2006. Summary of the Consultation
November 22, 2004. Consultations organized by IETS. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Team members attended a consultation organized jointly by IETS and the World Bank with academics, government officials and civil society representatives from five countries in Latin America. Summary of the Consultations
December 1, 2004. TFESSD Donors and Reference Group (Norway and Finland). Washington, D.C. A presentation was made to representatives of the Norwegian and Finnish Ministries of Foreign Affairs, aid agencies, and academics that are part of the Reference Group for the Norway-Finland World Bank Trust Fund for Environmental and Socially Sustainable Development.
December 6, 2004. Canadian International Development Agency, International Development Research Centre & civil society representatives. Hull, Canada. The World Bank's Chief Economist presented the evolving themes of the report to staff of CIDA and the IDRC and to civil society representatives.
December 7-8, 2004. New Delhi Workshop. New Delhi, India. A workshop on Poverty and Inequality in South Asia was organized by the World Bank with partial funding from the Dutch Government. Presenters addressed poverty and inequality in various South Asian countries. There was discussion on equality of opportunity, on the growth elasticity of poverty reduction, and on examples of inequalities and equity-enhancing policies in the region.
December 15, 2004. Economic Research Forum Meeting. Beirut, Lebanon. A team member presented the draft WDR at a plenary session of the 11th Annual Conference of the Economic Research Forum held in Beirut. The session started with introductory remarks by Francois Bourguignon. It was attended by researchers from countries across the Middle East and North Africa. The presentation was generally well received. In the discussion speakers asked for: a more explicit focus on equity-efficiency trade-offs; recognition of the role of microcredit in furthering equity and discussion of options for scaling up microfinance; the team's views on progressive taxes as an instrument of equity at the national level and the Tobin tax at the global level; and the implications of the WDR for the operational work of the Bank. Conference web site
December 17, 2004. Esquel Group Foundation and Partners of the Americas Civil Society Task Force. Washington, D.C. A team member discussed how inequalities manifest themselves with respect to outcomes (income, wealth) and what processes create and sustain these inequalities. These processes are rooted in historical and political circumstances, and are reinforced by perceptions of individual and (especially) group identity. A development strategy focused on poverty reduction needs not only to provide more, more equal and better opportunities, but should also understand how the very processes of development influence how people conceive of themselves, their relations with others, and their capacity to influence the institutions that shape their lives.
December 19, 2004. Cairo University. Cairo, Egypt. The World Bank Chief Economist presented the outline of the WDR 2006 to a group of economists and other social scientists at an event co-organized by the Faculty of Economics and Political Science at Cairo University and the Center for Economic and Financial Research and Studies. Summary of Consultation
January 25, 2005. Global Development Network Annual Meeting. Dakar, Senegal. Team members gave two presentations on the WDR 2006, at a parallel session and at a dinner for GDN donors. Highlights of consultation
February 18, 2005. Center for Global Development. Washington, D.C. The WDR 2006 directors, accompanied by team members, presented the evolving themes of the report to CGD staff, who challenged the report's assertions on credit markets and human capital accumulation and were intrigued with some of its findings on donor aid. They encouraged the WDR team to expound on issues of genetic endowment.
March 1, 2005. Global Development Learning Network meeting with Japanese students. Tokyo, Japan and Washington, D.C. A WDR co-director held a video-conference with the World Bank Tokyo Office to present the WDR 2006 to a Japanese student study group on the WDR, coordinated by Shuichi Kiyanagi. The student group then described how they would conduct their study on WDR 2006. An extensive question and answer session followed. Students noted that Japan's protective trade toward developing countries is a serious obstacle for equity, while the focus is often only on problems within developing countries. They were also struck by the enormous differences in opportunities between children within and across countries.
March 7, 2005. MDG Conference, India. Hyderabad, India. The World Bank's Chief Economist gave a lecture on "The Role of Equity in Development" at the Conference on the Millennium Development Goals in Hyderabad, India.
April 14, 2005. OECD DAC Poverty Network. Paris, France. Team members presented the preliminary findings of the report to an audience of donor representatives from OECD countries, alongside a presentation of the World Bank's Operationalizing Pro-Poor Growth study. Highlights of the discussion
April 19, 2005. Consultation with representatives of civil society organizations. Washington, D.C. Team members presented the report to a group of civil society representatives who were in Washington for the WB/IMF Annual Meetings.
April 20, 2005. Consultation with Labor Unions representatives. Washington, D.C. Team members presented the report to a group of labor union representatives who were in Washington for the WB/IMF Annual Meetings.
April 19-20, 2005. World Bank Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Conference. Washington, D.C. Team members gave two presentations at the annual PREM conference to an audience of World Bank economists, development practitioners, and academics. The first was a parallel session highlighting country case studies and country policies; the second was a plenary session on Equity and Pro-Poor Growth. Both sessions were organized jointly with the team working on the study on Operationalizing Pro-Poor Growth. Summary of discussions
April 29, 2005. Executive Directors' Advisors Thematic Group Meeting. Washington, D.C. A team co-director presented the preliminary findings of the report to a group of World Bank Executive Directors' Advisors.
May 4, 2005. USAID Office of Poverty Reduction. Washington, D.C. Team members presented the preliminary findings of the report to USAID Office of Poverty Reduction staff.
May 10, 2005. Dialogue with the Network on Inequality and Poverty of the Latin American and Caribbean Economics Association. Washington; Buenos Aires, Bogota', Mexico City. The team co-directors held a video-conference with members of the network in three locations.
May 18, 2005. Senior-Level Regional Seminar on Pro-Poor Growth and Scaling Up Poverty Reduction in East Asia. Bejing, China. Team members presented the report's preliminary findings at a senior-level seminar on selected country case studies on pro-poor growth organized by the World Bank Institute in collaboration with the East Asia Region of the World Bank, ADB, UNDP, UNESCAP and the Government of China. The seminar was part of WBI’s global learning program and will be organized under the East Asia Poverty Analysis and Data Initiative (PADI). The audience included senior government officials, parliamentarians, staff of international organizations and agencies, NGOs in East Asia and Pacific countries.
May 19, 2005. Department for International Development, UK Government. London, United Kingdom. A co-director presented the report's preliminary findings at DfID. The discussion covered both politics and policy issues (for instance roads). DfID has provided extensive support to the development of the WDR.
May 19, 2005. London School of Economics. London, United Kingdom. A co-director presented the report's preliminary findings to faculty members and students. The audience appreciated the contents of the report and made several important comments. Highlights of the discussion
May 19, 2005. Wilton Park Meeting on the Report of the U.K. Commission for Africa. Sussex, United Kingdom. A co-director presented the report's preliminary findings at DfID. Highlights of the discussion
May 24, 2005. Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics, Europe. Amsterdam, Netherlands. A co-director presented the report's preliminary findings at the conference. The session was chaired by Mr. Norbert Mao, Member of Parliament, Uganda, and Ann Pettifor, Advocacy International, United Kingdom, acted as the discussant.
June 2, 2005. IADB Conference on Equitable Development and the MDGs. Washington, D.C. Team members outlined the main messages of the report and the general structure and content, and explained how they supported/complemented many of the themes discussed during the sessions. Participants liked the main messages and invited the team to present the report to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights once it comes out.
June 2, 2005. Biannual Research Workshop, African Economic Research Consortium. Nairobi, Kenya. Francisco Ferreira represented the WDR 2006 team at the Biannual Research Workshop of the AERC, which took place in Nairobi from May 28 to June 2nd, 2005. The report's preliminary findings were presented and discussed at the event's lively closing plenary session. Two formal discussants took the lead: Prof. Finn Tarp (of the Institute of Economics at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark) and Prof. Mwangi Kimenyi (of the Department of Economics, University of Connecticut, USA). A number of comments and suggestions from the floor followed. Both discussants and most commentators supported the Bank's decision to venture into the area of equity, and agreed with the broad message of long-term complementarity between fairness and prosperity. But there critical comments too. The treatment of foreign aid in the report was too one-sided and ignored some of the relevant literature. The policy implications for Africa were felt to be substantial, but not sufficiently detailed. In closing, Prof. Olu Ajakaiye, AERC's Director of Research, welcomed the World Bank back into the debate on true development, as opposed simply to growth.
June 3, 2005. World Bank Office Nairobi, Kenya. The following day, Mr. Ferreira gave a second presentation, at the World Bank's office in Nairobi, to Bank staff and representatives of the large bilateral and multilateral aid community in Nairobi. The Government of Kenya was also represented through the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Planning. The key theme that arose in the discussion was the extent to which many of the report's messages resonated with Kenya's problems. Political economy issues were highlighted, as was the extent to which institutions could benefit from a broader sharing of wealth and control over assets. Substantial analytical and project work on poverty, distribution and related themes is ongoing in Kenya, and the possibility was raised of a follow-up event, in which the WDR 2006 and some of the Kenya-specific work were jointly discussed, with a view to influence country strategies.
June 3, 2005. Seminar Series “An Exchange on Development” , International Labor Office. Geneva, Switzerland. The World Bank Office in Geneva organized a seminar on "The Role of Equity in Development" at the ILO. The World Bank Chief Economist gave a preview of the WDR 2006 to an audience of more than 250 people. Presentation
June 20, 2005. Seminar on the World Development Report 2006, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Finland. Helsinki, Finland. The World Bank Chief Economist gave an overview of the main findings and recommendations of the report. This topic is highly relevant for the implementation of Finland's Development Policy which defines the promotion of economic growth with equity as one of its main objectives. Finland contributed to the preparation of the Report with a case study on Finland's own socio-economic development, carried out by Dr. Markus Jäntti, Dr. Juho Saari and Dr. Juhana Vartiainen. The Finnish case illustrates an interesting transition from a relatively poor country with a small production capacity to one of the world's most competitive welfare and information societies. The objective of the seminar was to discuss the challenges of equitable and sustainable development not only in the developing countries but also globally.