World Development Report 2008
Highlights from consultations on the World Development Report 2008 (presentation)
In preparation of the World Development Report 2008, the team met with a wide range of academics, policymakers and organizations from different parts of the world, seeking comments, advice and suggestions.
Consultations held so far.
June 13-14, 2006. Global Donor Platform for Rural Development (GDPRD), Paris, France
August 16, 2006. International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE,) Australia
September 4-6, 2006. International Policy Workshop, Berlin, Germany
September 7-8, 2006. Consultations with Norway and Sweden - Oslo and Stockholm
September 25, 2005. Consultations with Canada - Ottawa, Canada
September 27, 2006. Seminar series with IFPRI on Biofuels, Washington, DC
October 16-17, 2006, Workshop on Political Economy of Agri Policies, Washington, DC
October 25, 2006. Seminar series with IFPRI on Capacity Strengthening, Washington, DC
October 30-31, 2006, Consultative workshop on Rural Producer Org. (RPOs), Paris, France
October 31, 2006, Consultations in Tokyo, Japan
November 2-3, 2006, India Regional Consultation, New Delhi, India
November 13-14, 2006, Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Consultation, Nairobi, Kenya
December 8, 2006, Donor Consultation Workshop, Washington DC
January 22-23, 2007, Politics and Policy Processes Workshop, Sussex, England
January 25-26, 2007, Consultations with Civil Society Organizations, Toronto Canada
February 9, 2007, Consultations with NGOs, Washington, DC
March 22, 2007, Partnership to cut hunger in Africa, Washington, DC
March 22, 2007, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC
April 2-3, 2007. Western Africa Regional Consultation, Bamako, Mali
April 16, 2007. Spring Meetings 2007 - Civil Society Policy Forum, Washington, DC
April 9-21, 2007. Electronic consultations
June 13-14, 2006. Global Donor Platform for Rural Development (GDPRD), Paris, France. Approximately fifteen donors/international agencies present at the event. The ESSD network facilitated the meeting, with strong support from the Agricultural and Rural Development Dept and the GDPRD Secretariat. The WDR2008 team presented the core ideas for the report and a rich discussion on content and storyline provided valuable feedback for the team.
August 16, 2006. International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE,) Gold Coast, Australia. A session was held with over fifty conference participants who expressed their interest in WDR2008. Topics discussed included decentralization, governance, political economy issues, business climate, biofuels, nutrition, disasters/emergencies, and conflict and post-conflict settings.
September 4-6, 2006, International Policy Workshop, Berlin, Germany. The event was convened by the Development Policy Forum of InWEnt - Capacity Building International (Germany) in cooperation with the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the World Bank. More than twenty academics from Europe, Africa, South Asia and Latin America participated in the workshop presenting research on the following topics: (i)Agricultural policy, subsidies and trade; (ii) Markets and institutions; (iii) Agriculture, natural resources management and the environment; (iv) Agriculture-rural non farm linkages and rural poverty; (v) Decentralization, local governance and rural development; and (vi) Emerging policy issues: climate change, biofuels and food policy research for Africa.
September 7-8, 2006, Consultations with Norway and Sweden - Oslo, Norway and Stockholm, Sweden. The WDR2008 team presented the outline of the report to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Norway, the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA). All organizations expressed major interest in the WDR2008 and provided valuable comments.
September 25, 2005, Consultations with Canada – Ottawa, Canada. A team of co-director met with the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and presented the outline of the report. Many of the main themes of the report were discussed including: the importance of private sector development and private-public partnerships, competitiveness of small farmers (particularly in Africa), trade liberalization, deficit in infrastructure and the critical importance of water’s growing scarcity. Regarding donor supported programs, issues of priority setting, the effectiveness of policy implementation, and donor coordination were addressed and it was agreed to identify success stories from CIDA projects, to be used as case studies in the Report.
September 27, 2006, Seminar series with IFPRI on Biofuels, Washington, DC. A panel of experts from the World Watch Institute, the Polytechnic University of New York, IFPRI and the World Bank presented their research on the economics of biofuels in developing countries, alternatives for ‘win-win’ policies and the tradeoffs implied, as well as the role of technological change. More than 20 individuals from FAO, IDB, CGD, Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa, IFPRI and WB participated in the discussion regarding main policy messages that the WDR should convey on the topic of Biofuels.
October 16-17, 2006, Workshop on Political Economy of Agricultural Price, Trade and Public Expenditure Policies, Washington, DC. Over thirty participants from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund and several Universities (Cornell University, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Harvard University, Johns Hopkins University, Purdue University, Texas A&M University, University of Maryland, University of Minnesota, University of Pittsburg, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Wellesley College) convened in a two day workshop to better understand the evolution of distortions to agricultural incentives (including in public expenditure) over the past half century, and especially the more reform-intensive past quarter century, in low, middle and high income countries and in the transition economies, with a view to contributing to the adoption of more growth-enhancing and poverty-reducing policies globally.
October 25, 2006, Seminar series with IFPRI “Capacity Strengthening for Agricultural Development – Missing Links and Institutional Challenges”, Washington, DC. Panel members from Michigan State University and the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges (NASULGC) discussed the key issues facing policy makers in building agricultural capacity in developing countries. Specific topics included current challenges for developing countries, institutional requirements and main policy messages for the WDR on developing and sustaining capacity for agricultural development.
October 30-31, 2006, Consultative workshop on Rural Producer Organization (RPOs), Paris, France. The workshop - co sponsored by WDR, the French Government and IFAD - brought together farmers' leaders from Africa, Latin America and Asia, representatives of the International Federation of Agricultural Producers and various RPOs regional networks, and RPOs experts. The workshop discussed the role of Rural Producer Organizations (cooperatives, associations, formal and informal groupings etc.) in promoting pro-poor agricultural development. The workshop provided an opportunity to review RPOs’ effectiveness and limitations in enabling smallholders to contribute to and benefit from agricultural growth and the constraints that RPOs are facing in serving their members. It explored RPOs’ new challenges in the changing context in which agriculture is now operating, characterized by globalization, supply chain integration, technological innovations and new institutional actors at the global level. Consultation Report
October 31, 2006, Consultations in Tokyo, Japan. Academics from Japanese universities and researchers from Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) presented their research on topics including rural labor markets in Asia and East Africa, impact of cell phone technology on crop marketing in Uganda, role of irrigation infrastructure in poverty reduction in Sri Lanka and Pakistan, competitiveness of smallholders for high value products in China and Nerika dissemination by JICA, among others. Meetings of WDR team and Ministry of Finance and External Affairs were also held to discuss Japanese contributions to the WDR.
November 2-3, 2006, India Regional Consultation, New Delhi, India. The event was convened by the International Food Policy Research Institute and the World Bank. Over 50 government officials, private sector representatives, farmer leaders and academics participated in the workshop to address key issues in the context of Indian agriculture. The main topics discussed were: (i) grain story: food security and second green revolution; (ii) water management strategy; (iii) diversification to high value agriculture and implications for smallholders; (iv) rural non farm employment; and (v) political economy of reform and tradeoffs.
November 13-14, 2006, Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Consultation, Nairobi, Kenya. The event was convened by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and the World Bank. Representatives from African organizations, government officials and international agencies participated in a two day consultation process aimed at sketching out ways in which the Report can contribute to getting agriculture moving in sub-Saharan Africa for growth and poverty alleviation. The following topics were covered within the context of east and southern Africa: (i) agricultural productivity; (ii) institutional innovations for market development; (iii) building assets for the rural poor; (iv) trade and market access; (v) public goods and political economy.
December 8, 2006, Donor Consultation Workshop, Washington DC. A workshop was held with the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development and representatives from the private sector. The discussion focused on three main topics (i) critical elements for a strategy for Africa, (ii) better aid coordination and commitment for moving forward on the global agenda: climate change and rural energy (iii) public and private investments: why is there continuing mis-investment of public funds (subsidies versus core public goods) and what can be done about it? How underinvested is agriculture? What are the key elements of the investment climate that impede private investment in rural areas?
January 22-23, 2007, Politics and Policy Processes Workshop, Sussex, England. Hosted by the Future Agricultures Consortium, a network of research organizations in Africa and the UK supported by the Department for International Development (DFID), the workshop was held at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex. With participants from the consortium’s partner organizations in Africa and the UK, the discussion focused on the African setting, in particular drawing from experiences in East and Southern Africa on agriculture sector policymaking. Key questions addressed included: What is the role for ministries of agriculture? What is the role for donors? What implications does a ‘politics and policy process perspective’ have for the WDR?
January 25-26, 2007, Consultations with Civil Society Organizations, Toronto Canada. A two day workshop was convened by RIMISP (Latin American Center for Rural Development) with the support of IDRC (International Development Research Center) and ICCO (Interchurch Organization for Development Co-operation) to consult with civil society organizations. Over thirty CSOs from Africa, Asia and Latin America were represented at the meeting and provided valuable inputs and rich discussion on topics including food security, marginalization, land and water rights, natural resource management, research and extension, national policy processes and global issues. Consultation Report
February 9, 2007, Consultations with NGOs, Washington, DC. A meeting with Washington based NGOs was held at ACDI/VOCA. The organizations present were: ActionAid, African Development Foundation, Africare, Alliance to End Hunger, Bread for the World, Catholic Relief Services, Chemonics International, Counterpart International, FINCA International, IFDC International Center for Soil Fertility and Agricultural Development, International Center for Research on Women, International Fund for Agricultural Development, International Political Science Association, Microcredit Summit, National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, National Wildlife Foundation, Oxfam, Partnership to Cut Hunger in Africa, Save the Children, SIL International, TechnoServe, The Bank Information Center, Washington Office on Africa, Washington Office on Latin America, Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture and NRM, World Food Day, World Neighbors, World Resources Institute, and World Wildlife Fund US.
March 22, 2007, Partnership to cut hunger in Africa, Washington, DC. The WDR Directors participated in the Partnership’s Quarterly Members’ Forum. The main findings of the Report with respect to Sub Saharan Africa were presented, followed by a discussion on “Finance for Agriculture and Agribusiness in Africa: Issues and Emerging Models”, with a panel of experts and practitioners from ACDI-VOCA, USAID, Embassy and Ministry of Industry and Trade, Mozambique.
March 22, 2007, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC. A seminar was held at the Inter-American Development Bank to discuss the preliminary results of the Report and the implications for agriculture and rural development in Latin America.
April 2-3, 2007. Western Africa Regional Consultation, Bamako, Mali. This two day regional consultation had the objective of analyzing the contents of the WDR in the context of western Africa. Almost 40 participants from government, NGOs and development agencies were present. The discussion was centered on reasons for current outcomes and specific examples of how constraints preventing better outcomes can be addressed. Issues of decentralization and regionalization were highlighted, as well as the challenges of governance. For a summary of the discussions held, and list of participants in the workshop, please click here. Consultation Report, Agenda, Agenda (Fr)
April 16, 2007. Spring Meetings 2007 - Civil Society Policy Forum, Washington, DC. Participating Civil Society Organizations in this meeting included the Bank Information Center, Environmental Defense, Uganda Development Bank, Save the Children UK, Quaker Peace and Social Witness and Bretton Woods project, among others. The main topics discussed included: agrarian reform, the importance of smallholder farming, Fair Trade, GMOs, global agribusiness and corporate governance.
April 9-21, 2007. Electronic consultations. The WDR 2008 held a two week electronic consultation with civil society, private sector, academia, government representatives, and other stakeholders. The consultation was moderated by RIMISP (Latin American Center for Rural Development). Over 160 participants from 35 different countries contributed to the discussion. E-consultation Summary