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Monitoring and Evaluation Tools, Methods and Approaches

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Download paper in: EnglishArabicFrenchPortugueseRussianSpanish 

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Government officials, development managers and civil society are increasingly aware of the value of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of development activities. M&E provides a better means of learning from past experience, improving service delivery, planning and allocating resources, and demonstrating results as part of accountability to key stakeholders. Yet there is often confusion about what M&E entails. This booklet therefore presents a sample of M&E tools, methods and approaches, including several data collection methods, analytical frameworks, and types of evaluation and review. For each of these, a summary is provided of the following: their purpose and use; advantages and disadvantages; costs, skills, and time required; and key references. The booklet discusses:

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Performance indicators
Bullet redThe logical framework (logframe) approach
Bullet redTheory-based evaluation
Bullet redFormal Surveys
Bullet redRapid appraisal methods
Bullet redParticipatory methods
Bullet redPublic expenditure tracking surveys
Bullet redImpact evaluation
Bullet redCost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis
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This second edition of the M&E booklet includes an expanded discussion of various types of impact evaluation. The booklet is available in English, ArabicFrenchPortugueseRussian, and Spanish. 
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Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E): some Tools, Methods, and Approaches
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English - M&E tools, methods and approachesFrench - M&E tools, methods and approachesPortuguese - M&E tools, methods and approachesRussian - M&E tools, methods and approachesSpanish - M&E tools, methods and approaches
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Arabic - M&E tools, methods and approaches   
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See also What is Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)?
Bullet redGlossary of Key Terms in Evaluation and Results Based Management are presented in EnglishChineseFrenchItalian, Japanese, PortugueseRussian and Spanish.
Bullet redConducting Quality Impact Evaluations under Budget, Time and Data Constraints
Bullet redImpact Evaluation - The Experience of the Independent Evaluation Group of the World Bank 
Bullet redAnd also An Assessment of the Impact of Bangalore Citizen Report Cards on the Performance of Public Agencies 
Bullet redSee also the website on IEG's Evaluation Tools and Approaches 
Bullet redSee also Influential Evaluations 
Bullet redAnd IEG’s Impact Evaluation and  Evaluation Training websites



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