|The birth of the world's newest independent nation, East Timor, came at tremendous cost to its people. The violence of 1999 destroyed much of East Timor's rural sector, with farms destroyed, processing machinery smashed, tools stolen and farm animals killed. Food and seed stocks were looted. Overall, economic production dropped by 49 percent in 1999 from the year before.
Through the First Agriculture Rehabilitation Project, the World Bank-administered Trust Fund for East Timor has helped communities get farm animals and farm tools, repaired small irrigation schemes and roads, and trained agriculture staff. A second phase of this initiative, approved in June 2001, aims to build on the successful community-based activities of the first project by improving food security for farm families and increasing agricultural production.
So far, the project has helped vaccinate more than 100,000 cattle and buffalo, and nearly 250,000 pigs. In addition, more than 71,000 chickens have been given to farmers and poor women of some 14,000 families. More than 3,000 Bali cattle and buffalo have also been provided to farmers who lost their livestock during the violence in 1999.
The First Agriculture Rehabilitation Project helped to establish three agricultural service centers to boost rice and coffee production and marketing, and has supported the processing of candle-nut into tung oil. The project has provided community grants for the rehabilitation of 7,742 hectares of small irrigation fields and 109 kilometers of rural access roads. More than a thousand radios have been given away to people living in 14 separate communities to ensure they can stay in touch with the issues facing their
First Agriculture Rehabilitation Project
Updated: July 2002