The Bank's knowledge base in a particular country is acquired through economic and sector work and the analysis it generates. Economic and sector work means that in-country staff gathers and evaluates information (data and statistics) about the existing economy, and/or government and social services systems. The economic data and statistics collected provide a starting point for policy discussions with our borrowers and helps build a country's ability to evaluate, for example, its economic and social policies, financial, management and program delivery systems, physical and human infrastructure needs, and governance practices. Studies and analytical reports help us put together and carry out effective lending programs, and also influence the work of our borrowers and partners in the development community.
Falling under the category of non-lending technical assistance is professional technical advice from the Bank that supports legal, policy, management, governance and other reforms needed to reach a country's economic, social and poverty reduction goals. Our wide-ranging knowledge and skills are used to help countries build accountable, efficient public sector institutions that can use Bank and other financial assistance to sustain development in ways that will benefit their citizens over the long term. Bank staff offer advice and help governments in the preparation of documents, such as draft legislation, institutional development plans, country-level strategies, and implementation action plans. And they can also assist governments to shape and/or put new policies or programs in place.
One way the Bank measures the results of its work in poverty reduction is through impact evaluations. These reports assess change in the well-being of individuals, households, firms, or communities-change that can be attributed to a particular Bank-supported project, program or policy. Impact evaluations provide feedback that helps us improve the design of World Bank programs and policies. They also establish a demonstrated basis for improving ongoing programs that can also be used as a dynamic learning tool by development partners and policy makers, both inside and outside the Bank.
As a part of development economics research, the World Bank produces the World Development Report (WDR), a major annual publication on global development trends. Each year the WDR focuses on a different aspect of development. The annex to each report contains World Development Indicators, a compilation of data on economic and social development in more than 120 countries.
World Banks experts also study development issues of longer-term and broader concern than the immediate research needs of a particular Bank lending operation or a particular country or sector. Development research products such as Sustainable Rural and Urban Development, Finance and Private Sector Research, Poverty Research and new Policy Research Working Papers, among others, are available on the World Bank's Researchwebsite. Public distribution of research findings encourages the exchange of ideas about development issues that benefits everyone working toward economic growth and poverty reduction in developing countries.
Organized regular interaction between donors (governments, aid agencies, humanitarian groups, foundations, development banks) of financial and other assistance to recipient countries and the overall coordination of donor relationships is called donor aid coordination. The activities range from simple information sharing and brainstorming, to co-financing a particular project, to joint strategic programming in a country or region. It also includes the preparation of donor coordination events such as consultative group meetings (joint meetings of partners) focused on a particular issue or country. The Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP) is an example of such a partner group.